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Beginner Mating Patterns - Part 2

  • IM Silman
  • | Dec 5, 2012
  • | 14325 views
  • | 35 comments

In my first article on beginner mating patterns, we explored back rank mates, Queen mates on h7, Queen mates on g7, and smothered mates. This week we’ll explore the two beginner favorites: Scholar’s Mate and Fool’s Mate. However, though these mates in their purest, most well known form are indeed cheap and simplistic, they both present a key pattern that is easily expanded to some extremely complex, advanced mating combinations. I give them both here so that:

* You can make use of them if the opponent insists on mating himself in such a manner. 

* You will avoid falling for them.

* You will fully understand why they work and how to make use of these patterns in more complex scenarios.

As for those players over 1400 who think this is too easy for them, check out the puzzles. You’ll never look at the Scholar’s and Fool’s mating patterns in the same way again!

SCHOLAR’S MATE and the WEAKNESS OF F7

Scholar’s Mate is all about the weakness of f7. If you think about it, you’ll quickly realize that black’s weakest pawn at the beginning of the game is f7 since it’s only defended by its King. This allows White to take liberties against that point:

1.e4 e5 2.Qh5 (threatening the e5-pawn) 2…Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6?? (Threatening white’s Queen, but missing the “small” threat created by white’s 3rd move.) 4.Qxf7 mate. 

That was quick! However, Black could have easily avoided this fate by holding the tempting …Nf6 off for a moment and instead defending f7 by 3…Qe7 or 3…g6.

Beginners often get quite excited by this rapid crush, but a bit of experience teaches them that an opponent with any skills at all with easily avoid the mate. Moreover, they will also learn that bringing the Queen out too early is usually a mistake since less valuable enemy pieces can kick her about, causing White to lose valuable time.

Though the Scholar’s Mate is cheap stuff, it DOES teach a very valuable lesson: f7 (it doesn’t matter if there’s a pawn there or not) is a major fulcrum in many kingside attacks (don’t forget that our basic Smothered Mate called for a Knight mate on f7!).

Here’s a little-known (and quite advanced!) opening trap that starts with a “tap” against f7.

Next up is a wonderful example (in Puzzle form) of a lovely attack that starts with that oh-so-vulnerable f7-square:

As you can see, if f7 is weak then the whole a2-g8 diagonal might also cave if White has a Bishop (and/or a Queen) on that line (or able to go to that line). The pure Scholar’s showed this, the previous puzzle also showed it (both f7 and e6 collapsed), and our next puzzle also rams this point home:

FOOL’S MATE – DEATH DOWN the h5-e8 DIAGONAL

During a TV interview (over 30 years ago!), I was asked (off-screen) what the fastest mate is so that the newsman could challenge me to a game, get mated in this manner, and then ask me what the mate is called. He felt that me saying, “Fools mate!” would be a great end to the show.

That epic struggle went as follows (I was Black): 1.g4 e5 2.f3 Qh4 mate.

There are actually quite a few versions of this same mate. One classic is 1.f4 e5 2.fxe5 d6 3.exd6 Bxd6 4.Nc3?? Qh4+ 5.g3 Qxg3+! 6.hxg3 Bxg3 mate.

Others:


Bravo to those that noticed the tie-in to the Scholar’s Mate: In both instances (Fool’s Mate and Scholar’s Mate), the f7-square/pawn (or in white’s case, f2) is compromised. In the Fool’s Mate, the whole h5-e8 diagonal gets ravaged, but if a pawn remained on f7, and if it held firm, then neither mate would occur.

Though f7-Armegeddon is an important feature in both the Scholar’s and Fool’s mates, both mates also call for the beleaguered King to be in the center. But while the Fool’s Mate pattern (the breakdown of the h5-e8 diagonal) is only effective if the enemy King hasn’t castled, the Scholar’s pattern, which features f7-Armegeddon, can lead to pain along the a2-g8 diagonal, the h5-e8 diagonal, and the f1-f8 file. In other words, the f7-pattern can and does come into play against both central and castled Kings.

Here is the first recorded game that featured the basic “kill the h5-e8 diagonal” Fool’s Mate pattern:


The funny thing about this game is that it’s been repeated countless times, and has even occurred again and again in the 20th Century!

Here’s a game that featured both a Scholar’s Mate (threat) and a Fool’s Mate (reality):


The following puzzles should help solidify the Scholar’s Mate (death on f7) and Fool’s Mate (death on the h5-e8 diagonal) patterns that we’ve been discussing.

Our next puzzle has tons of hidden notes, so after you solve it (or try to solve it), DO check them out!

Comments


  • 6 months ago

    luitel

    Attache example just played -

    http://www.chess.com/livechess/game?id=757989792

  • 20 months ago

    g-levenfish

    Great article!

  • 21 months ago

    Aidan647

    Because after king takes the queen on e6 knight to g5 is mate

  • 21 months ago

    mysteryofchessbox87

    great article, but I got one question. On the A. Alekhine vs. Feldt puzzle, whites queen moves to e6, why didn't black just take white's queen on the next move? White's queen was unprotected, was a rook suppose to be be on e1?

  • 21 months ago

    kaush_k

    Nice one,

    Here's one from my game today !

    http://live.chess.com/live?v=20121217#g=419210553

  • 21 months ago

    KenF3

    I have only been playing for a couple of months. My standard rating is in the low 800s. I found this materia to be pretty hard. Is it just over my head at my level? I chuckled because of others calling it so simple. Some of these made my head explode.

  • 21 months ago

    Milkisawesome

    I doubt that you could pull off those simple mates on a experienced player.

  • 21 months ago

    shahrokh1975

    thanks!

  • 21 months ago

    Davinder_singh

    VERY INTERESTING!!!

  • 21 months ago

    waterh20

    mr. jeremy Silman,

     i had a game in the nsw autumn 2 day tournament organized by the NSWJCl

    and the last puzzle featured in one of my games.... i played the right combination and found Ne7!!!, I won the game...

    This came at a complete shock

    by, Pasan Perera (australia)

  • 22 months ago

    mevans86

    Hah, that Schild game is weirdly inspiring. I like the way he stuck it to his pompous opponent!

  • 22 months ago

    mandrake88

    I didn't see the solution of the first puzzle. Very beatifull one

  • 22 months ago

    rahulkadge

    i enjoiyedThe last three positions to solve(solved all threeTongue Out) i wish i could get that 2300 player in a tournament.Wink

     

  • 22 months ago

    Liquiddragom

    A. Alekhine vs. Feldt.
    Why not Bxf5 at 17. and Qf7 #? 

  • 22 months ago

    che33

    thanks so much!

  • 22 months ago

    padmanabham224

    marvellous

  • 22 months ago

    MWAISUMBE

    Thanks I have enjoyed it.

  • 22 months ago

    pawan_

    cool..........!!!!!!!!

  • 22 months ago

    Lawdoginator

    Simple, yet brilliant. 

  • 22 months ago

    ewuenhob

    always enjoy your articles! very entertaining!

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