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Game Analysis

  • WGM Natalia_Pogonina
  • | Oct 9, 2012
  • | 21773 views
  • | 90 comments

Analyzing your games is one of the main ways of improving in chess. During this procedure you will be able to pinpoint your typical mistakes, as well as weaknesses & strengths. Your games are your business card in the world of chess.

Each person has their own approach to game analysis. Nevertheless, there are some common traits. When communicating with other chess players, I often learn new interesting ideas. The article offers some of the methods for you to consider.

There are two types of analysis – preliminary and deep. The first type is performed right after the game has been played, before the next round. The second one takes place after the end of the tournament.

Preliminary analysis

After the game has been played, it is useful to discuss it with the opponent. Nowadays this tradition is becoming less popular for a number of reasons. One of the common arguments is “why should I care what the patzer thinks, if I can go home and have the engine show me the right options?”. This snobbish reasoning doesn’t make much sense, because we humans learn by exchanging ideas and comparing opinions. If you understand why your partner made a good/bad move, it will help you much more than if you just take a look at the line suggested by your engine. Also, computers don’t give practical advice (“here you had weak light squares, so I decided to trade bishops and fix your pawns on certain squares to attack them in the upcoming endgame”). An interpreter is required to explain the ideas behind computer’s moves. At the recent Grand Prix in London you might have seen the world’s leading players hold post-mortem discussions. Notably, men are more likely to analyze games together than women. Of course, it is important not to overdo. For example, if you are playing in a demanding tournament (many rounds, 2 games per day), you might need to save yourself some time and energy. Try to find the right balance.

Second round: preliminary analysis at home (hotel room). Optimally, you should have a chess engine and a coach/second/friend to discuss the game with. Sometimes you can skip the post-mortem with your opponent, but this second round is a must. Don’t get too carried away: at this stage your goal is to fix some critical mistakes (bad time management, forgotten opening lines, poor tactics vision, etc.) in order to avoid them in the following rounds. Important: you have to review ALL the games. Some people think that if they won quickly, then there is nothing to look at – everything was great. Or, another shortcoming, some people don’t want to review their losses, because it depresses them. A strong chess player should be merciless towards himself, but in a constructive way: don't blame yourself, just try to perform better next time.

How does one analyze? There are many options. Some people write down their emotions and plans that they had in mind during the game. Others simply jot down the main lines they had been calculating. It depends on your working style and on the amount of time that you have at your disposal.  Also, you should assess your emotional state before and after the game. This will help you see the whole picture. As you all know, psychology plays a vital role in chess.

After a preliminary analysis you should leave the game alone and start preparing for the next round. Don’t waste your energy on things that don’t matter anymore: “could I have saved that endgame?”, “what if I played c5 instead of e5 on move 1?”, “is there a middlegame plan that could have helped me trick the opponent?”. Also, don’t get too upset about losses/missed wins. What’s done cannot be undone. You can’t change the past, but you can affect the future.

Deep analysis

When the tournament is over, you can start working on increasing your chess mastery by correcting the weak spots in your game. Again, there are numerous ways of doing it. For example, you can start by analyzing the game yourself and then check your ideas with the chess engine. If you are lazy or don’t have enough time, you can analyze with the chess engine right away (not recommended for sub-master level). Performing some sort of automatic analysis is a strict no-no (some chess engines have those seemingly appealing modes – “the computer will take 30 seconds to review each of your moves and offer recommendations”). Your brain will degrade if you rely too much on computer evaluations. Remember that a PC won’t be at your fingertips during the tournament, so you have to learn to make choices on your own, without the guidance of our electronic assistants. Also, like I have already mentioned, we have to enhance our experience and knowledge by understanding certain principles and game situations, while computers have a unique solution to each particular situation. We can’t afford to follow in their footsteps, because our calculative skills are much worse.

During deep analysis you should find new ideas, the right continuations, outright blunders and hidden inaccuracies. Also, like a doctor, you should come up with a diagnosis: how the game proceeded, why, what “medicines” you should self-prescribe. Of course, having a coach is also helpful, because not all of us have the required expertise and objectivity.

By comparing your preliminary and deep analysis you can arrive at the right conclusions on what was going on, what you did wrong and why. Reminder: apart from the moves, ponder your psychological and physical states. Sometimes there are trivial matters that greatly affect the playing strength: you were nervous after being late for the game and having to run from the hotel room to the tournament hall; you didn’t eat well enough; your opponent won three games against you before, so your brain mentally gave up in advance, etc.

Chess is a complicated game, so even a deep analysis can sometimes include mistakes. For example, you might remember how the readers of Garry Kasparov’s “My great predecessors” books used to send him their suggestions and improvements which were included in the later editions. However, while perfection knows no limits, studying your own games carefully is the key to becoming a better player.

This year I had a very busy summer, when one event was following the other. As a result, I didn’t have enough time to review my own games carefully enough. Below you can see an example of a semi-deep analysis of a game from the Russia-China match: not comprehensive enough, but acceptable for making certain conclusions.



Comments


  • 2 years ago

    ksbalan04

    Dear Natalia, thanks for posting such a wonderful article, out of your busy schedules of tournaments. Your contribution on chess articles are great. Regards.

  • 2 years ago

    GM_2012

    "A strong player should be able to admit his mistakes.Chess is like life in this respect"

    thanks dear master...so useful!

  • 2 years ago

    gastonshair

    Thank you so much for the post! I learned a lot from going through it.

  • 2 years ago

    srimech

    I dunno, sometimes my brain feels dead straight after a game :p

  • 2 years ago

    flyonkite

    thanks for this vision of playing chess

  • 2 years ago

    lukfon

    Hello Natalia, thank you for your article. Concerning the method, are sufficient to deeply analyze your game and then compare it with the engine? I do struggle to remember, after some time, the results of my analysis.

    What kind of information you take out from these data (for example you make a statistical analysis of more frequent error?).

    Thanks in advance, Luca

  • 2 years ago

    showkat

    Thanks...........

  • 2 years ago

    satorichess

    Great article Natalia here some point you spotted:

    1.  Your games are your business card in the world of chess.
    2.  Your brain will degrade if you rely too much on computer evaluations (lol)

    I guess the average (non professional) player like me don't do so much reasoned analysis really. I do sometimes with the engine provided here but with all respect to chess com which I love really I must say I don't like that. (for a number of reasons that would be too long to explain here and now)

    So I try to do it on my own when I can. There is a chess club in my town but I don't have always the chance to go there (also they mostly only play blitz games which I found quite stupid on the long run) and so nowadays for people like me to play Internet chess it's probably the best resources and quite tempting because it's easier.

    We are loosing something with this I know, every time you can play otb chess it's preferable, EXPERIENCE as usual it's the magic word, nevertheless you are right to point out that everybody should work at any level on his game and weaknesses. Chess it's great because of this, sometimes it's good to watch and read but I like to play and I'm not afraid of loosing I'm just afraid if I don't learn something out of this.

  • 2 years ago

    mcshahb

    welcome back NP... its been a while since you post smtg average player like me can relate to the article. he he. ty

  • 2 years ago

    shahrokh1975

    very very interesting for beginners like me :)

  • 2 years ago

    WGM Natalia_Pogonina

    @etourneau First of all, the statement that you know what moves were bad and why during the game is rather amusing, because even the best chess players in the world armed with chess engines sometimes have arguments on what moves are objectively the best. Chess hasn't been solved yet. Secondly, if you know your weaknesses (the ones you mentioned), then why not concentrate on eliminating them instead of studying the games of players who don't have those problems? For example, if you say that you lose games due to missing simple tactics, then maybe it makes more sense to work on your own tactics instead of reviewing other people's games? Wink I mean, studying masters' games IS important, but it is not in any way a replacement of working on your own games. Besides, you can't skip classes. Figuratively speaking, school first, then university, and only then academic research. If you don't know the basics, then trying to imitate Carlsen or Kasparov won't get you anywhere.

    @Robinhood4241 There are books on strategy. Also courses, including the ones at Chess.com, that persuade you to adopt a positional thinking. Besides, I am not sure what "entry level" means. If you are a new to chess, then you can start off by playing games and learning basic tactical patterns. Studying strategy makes sense when you are at least 1600+ FIDE. Having a lower rating means that you are blundering pieces too often, and in that case knowing the concepts of types of centre and weak squares is an overkill - your games are more likely to be decided by hanging a knight than by exploiting the principle of two weaknesses in the endgame.

  • 2 years ago

    Master_Kaina

  • 2 years ago

    tristan7

    充分在此游戏和太按下 hardfor 赢。一些动作,太冲动: 19。Qg4 34。h4

  • 2 years ago

    tabbycat

    Interesting comments in your game, thanks

  • 2 years ago

    robinhood4241

    I am an entry level player and I do not believe I have the insight to see positional moves well.  what type of recommendations do you make in this case?  do i study chess literature or should i try to gut out analysis and compare to the chess.com's engine?

  • 2 years ago

    Pastuszek

    indeed

  • 2 years ago

    kcsmith169

    One question: after move 35 for Black, what is the translation of "tochnyj hod"?

    As always, thanks for an illuminating article!

  • 2 years ago

    akash1908

    very lucidly said mam.specialy the 2nd part of analysis

  • 2 years ago

    etourneau

    Thanks. However, I often find that analysing my game is useless for me, because I lose many games by lack of concentration, distraction, missing a simple tactic, laziness...

    I know perfectly which move or moves were bad and why they were bad. I knew that already during the game, just after i played them. Or even before...

    Perhaps I'm wrong but I find more useful to analyse master games.

  • 2 years ago

    otherdog_100

    Thanks for the wisdom

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