Kasparov, Nakamura, and Mark Zuckerberg's hoodie

  • ArnieChipmunk
  • | Dec 31, 2013

When, in 1995, Garry Kasparov employed the ancient Evans Gambit, I was thrilled - in part because I was a live witness to it, in his game against Jeroen Piket, at the Euwe Memorial tournament. But I was also a tiny bit annoyed, because I realized it was only now that many people would start taking this fascinating gambit seriously.

In fact, I had been playing the Evans Gambit ever since I started to frequent my local chess club (in 1987), and my fellow junior chess mates never tired of making fun of it. “Why don’t you start playing real openings?” “You will never improve if you always play second-rate gambits.” But now, with the World Champion playing it in serious tournament games, I finally had my revenge. Or did I?

Even after Kasparov had scored two crushing victories with it and a couple of quick books on the Evans Gambit had been published, I felt that its popularity wasn’t so much triggered because people really believed in the gambit itself, but simply because the greatest player of all time had played it. Indeed, after Kasparov stopped playing it, the gambit’s popularity also quickly declined again, despite other strong players picking it up for some time and scoring decent results with it. It seemed Kasparov could get away with something most others couldn’t. Kasparov was special – and so he made the Evans Gambit special. But the rest of us was not.

I was reminded of this brief episode in chess history when I recently read an article on the website of The New Yorker about Mark Zuckerberg, the CEO of Facebook, and fact that he often wears rather casual clothes instead of tailor-made suits in public appearances.


The author of the article, Matthew Hutson, writes that this kind of nonconformity – Mark Zuckerberg wearing a ‘hoodie’,  Steve Jobs wearing running sneakers – is viewed ‘as a sign of status’ and mentions several scientific experiments to back up this theory. There is even a name for this phenomenon: the ‘red sneakers effect’, after a study on the link between accomplishment and informality.

“The red-sneaker effect fits in with a wider body of research on the idea that certain observable traits or behaviors signal hidden qualities by virtue of their ‘costliness.’ For instance, a peacock’s colorful tail feathers make it easy prey for predators, but they tell a peahen that he’s fit enough to sustain the risk. The more one has of the trait to be touted (fitness, say), the less costly the signal (feathers), making the display of the signal a reliable proxy for the trait. This is how conspicuous consumption works: jewelry is costly, unless you’re rich and won’t miss the cash. Similarly, deliberate nonconformity shows that you can handle some ridicule because you’ve got social capital to burn.”

Of course, I don’t want to suggest that Kasparov (who, by the way, never dressed casually, unlike many of his contemporaries and predecessors) played the Evans Gambit to ‘show that he could handle some ridicule’- but I do think that he was one of the very few people who could get away with such a display of nonconformity. That’s why everybody laughed when I played 4.b4, and everybody cheered when Kasparov did.

Or maybe not. After all, playing the Evans Gambit - an opening that’s been played and analyzed for over 150 years by some of the greatest players in the world, including Bobby Fischer - may not be be such a big display of nonconformity after all – it’s not unlike wearing a hoodie, actually.

Let's not forget the hoodie is probably the number one piece of hipster clothing at the moment – and that's a subculture that I’m sure Mark Zuckerberg doesn’t mind being associated with at all. In fact, it seems to me that dressing like a hipster is a rather uninspired way of showing how nonconformist you are. (A fashionable hoodie can easily cost 500 euros.) Come to think of it, it’s not a sign of nonconformity at all.

So perhaps for some real nonconformity in chess, we need some more extreme examples.

Here’s one that intrigued me at the time:

Biel, 2004

1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.h3

Not good enough? OK, this is what our current World Champion did to Michael Adams a few years ago.  

Khanty Mansiysk, 2010

1.e4 g6 2.d4 Nf6 3.e5 Nh5

At this point, a very strong grandmaster watching the game with me remarked: “This is bullshit, he’s just showing off.” Indeed, despite its originality, it’s hard to believe Carlsen actually liked his position at this point.

If you’re still not convinced, I’m sure the following example will:

Lausanne, 2005

1.e4 c5 2.Qh5

Don't forget, Nakamura was already a world class player at the time. Why else would he play this move if not to make a statement of how untouchable he really felt? (He lost that  game, but has won with 1.e4 e5 2.Qh5.)

“In the right situation,” Hutson writes, “breaking the rules a little can be a great way to show off—assuming you can back it up.”

Well, forget about breaking the rules ‘a little’. That day, Nakamura wasn’t just wearing a hoodie – he was wearing an old Morbid Angel death metal t-shirt with a dog collar around his neck. Eat that, Mr. Zuckerberg!


  • 23 months ago


    Finally another Evan's Gambit player!!!

  • 23 months ago


    Interesting - I do remember the famous Karpov-Miles game with 1.e4 a6. Here is the link for anyone interested:


    I play as black 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 f5 and win more often than not. Also against d4  1. d4 e5 (Englund gambit) Nobody seems to know how to respond correctly. I also play the King's and Evans gambits regularly. Chess players do tend to 'follow the herd' - hence (for eg) the huge popularity of the Sicilian post Fischer. But 'old' gambits still have a lot to offer if you are looking to play enterprising games.

  • 23 months ago

    IM DanielRensch

    Fun article :)

  • 23 months ago


    Haha the Nakamura comment at the end made me crack up. Very fun article, and with the new reigning world champion being Carlsen right now, it seems more than appropriate to talk about the unorthodox.

  • 23 months ago


    +1 for mentioning Morbid Angel ;)

  • 23 months ago


    Agreed - Miles was a great user do off-beat openings, and had a lot of success with them. He makes the Evans Gambit look mainstream.

    I would probably disagree with the author's premise that high ranked GMs play these openings out of some sort of vain ego-centric sense of 'non-conformity'. These openings have the advantage of being largely unexplored, and gives the employer of them the chance to play some real chess without being caught out on move 23 of a theory heavy line in the Grünfeld. A strategy used by GMs who would like to use their excellent endgame skills like Carlsen, Miles etc

  • 23 months ago


    Anyone remember the Karpov-Tony Miles game from years ago, when Miles, playing black, opened 1...a6 against Karpov's 1. e4, I think it was.  Miles beat Karpov that game using an "unorthodox opening".......must've been around 1980 or so because it caused somewhat of a stir amongst GMs and the chess world in general.

  • 23 months ago


    1. There is nothing wrong with playing obscure openings. It is up to the opponent to figure out a way to beat it.

    2. Evans Gambit is respectable - it is one of the reasons why I don't play Guico Piano (whatever they spell it) and resort to the Hungarian 3...Be7

  • 23 months ago


    a few years ago, wasn't Kortchnoi opening with 1. a3 and 2. h3 or something like that just to be the same way in some regional tourneys?

  • 23 months ago


    I hope Nakamura's not a fan of latter Morbid Angel. That band has gotten absolutely terrible these past several years.

  • 23 months ago


    I vaguely recall a section in John Steinbeck's book Travels With Charley about a barbeque in Texas attended by wealthy people.  The more money the guests possessed, the more casually they dressed.  Backs up the theory described in your post.

  • 23 months ago


    Shows Nakamura's cockiness, but he can also usually pull it off. Maybe someday HE will be playing for the world chapionship.

  • 23 months ago


    happy new year to all the chess players and chess loving citizens of the world. happy new year !!!!

  • 23 months ago


    Yes, well Zuckerberg's hoodie worked, Carlsen and Nakamura's intentional misplay didn't.

  • 23 months ago


    Great article. Maybe your next one can focus more on the games where GM's have played these weird openings where they succeeded.

  • 23 months ago


    I wanna get to GM level so that I can play the kg and revive the tradition that is having fun and being good ala Spasky

  • 23 months ago


    Didn't Carlsen lose to Adams in that line too?

  • 23 months ago


    Nakamura likes Morbid Angel? cool

  • 23 months ago


    second :)

  • 23 months ago



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