Giambattista Lolli (1698 in Nonantola, Italy – 4 June 1769) was an Italian chess player. Lolli was one of the most important chess theoreticians of his time. He is most famous for his book Osservazioni teorico-pratiche sopra il giuoco degli scacchi (English: Theoretical-practical views on the game of chess), published 1763 in Bologna. He was one of the Modenese Masters.
Lolli's book contains analyses of chess openings and In addition, the book contain listings of 100 chess endgames. One of these positions was used by Wilhelm Heinse in his novel Anastasia und das Schachspiel (English: Anastasia and the game of chess). This Lolli Position is from the pawnless endgame of a rook and bishop versus a rook. Although this endgame is a draw in general, White to move wins in this position (Benko 2007:154). Lolli also studied some defensive fortresses and the queen versus pawn endgame.
SOURCES: Lolli bio - Wikipedia.
Practical Chess Endings by Irving Chernev (#s 72-85) Dover 1961
1234 Modern Endgame Studies (#s 45-48) compiled by M. A. Sutherland and H. M. Lommer DOVER 1968 (reprint of original 1938 edition, which was one of the first chess books to use AN)
The painting is The Chessplayers by Van Leyden.
PS: Click on solution/move list for alternate lines