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Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • Manhattan Chess Club

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    Founded on November 24, 1877 at the Café Logeling in New York City.   Dues were $4 a year.  On December 7, 1877 the members voted for the name of the chess club to be the Manhattan Chess Club (the other choices were Morphy Ch... Read More »

  • Uganda

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    The Uganda Chess Association formed in 1972 after the Fischer-Spassky match.  They joined FIDE in 1976.  In 1976 their team played in the counter-Olympiad team in Tripoli.  In 1982 the Ugandan chess team showed up at Lugano, Switzer... Read More »

  • Elo, Arpad Emrick

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    Arpad Elo (1903-1992) was born in Egyhazaskeszo, Hungary, he moved to the United States with his parents in 1913.  He played in 37 consecutive state championships in Wisconsin, from 1933 to 1969, winning the title 7 times (1935, 1937, 1940, 1... Read More »

  • Evans, William Davies

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    William Davies Evans (1790-1872) was a captain in the mercantile marine and amateur chessplayer.  He went to sea in 1804 at the age of 14, and later became a  steamer ship captain in 1819.  He discovered the Evans Gambit (1.e4 ... Read More »

  • Horwitz, Bernard

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    Bernhard Horwitz (1807-1885) was a German-born card player(specialized in miniatures) and chess study composer.    In 1845, he settled in England and began teaching chess.  In 1846, he lost as match with Howard Staunton, losing 14 games, winni... Read More »

  • Tal, Mikhail

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    Mikhail Tal (1936-1992) was a Grandmaster (1957) without being an International Master first.  Tal was not an IM when he won the 24th USSR championship in Moscow in 1957 at the age of 21.  FIDE made an exception to the regulations and aw... Read More »

  • Campomanes, Florencio

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    Florencio Basa Campomanes, born Feb 22, 1927, was the first non-European elected FIDE President (1982-1995).  In 1956, he was the first National Master of the Philippines Chess Federation.  He played Board 2 for the Philippines in the 19... Read More »

  • Dorfman, Josif (Iosif )

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    Josif Davidovich Dorfman, born May 1, 1953, is a Ukrainian trainer and Grandmaster (1978) who was Kasparov’s second for four World Championships.  He tied for 1st place (with Gulko) in the USSR championship in 1977.  He later moved... Read More »

  • Gheorghiu, Florin

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    Florin Gheorghiu, born April 6, 1944, was the first Romanian Grandmaster (1965).  He was world junior champion in 1963.  He was won the Romanian championship 9 times (1960, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1973, 1977, and 1984).  ... Read More »

  • Cafe de Regence

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    Perhaps the most famous of coffee house where chess was played.   This coffee house was opened up in Paris in1718.  Chess players from Café Procope moved to the Café de la Regence.  Around 1740 chess players gathered there to play chess.  P... Read More »