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Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • United States Chess Federation

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    Formed in September, 1939 after the American Chess Federation (ACF) merged with the National Chess Federation (NCF).  George Sturgis was the first USCF President.  He had been president of the ACF.  The president of the NCF, Maurice... Read More »

  • Adjudication

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    Adjudication is an independent decision (usually by a strong, impartial chess player) as to whether an unfinished game should be scored as draw or a win for one of the players on best play by both players.  It may be used by a tournament director... Read More »

  • de Groot, Adrian

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    Adrian de Groot (1914-2006) was a Dutch psychologist and chess master who did the first psychological enquiry into the minds of chess players.  His 1965 book, Thought and Choice in Chess, showed the different abilities of masters and amateurs... Read More »

  • Finn, Julius

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    Julius Finn (71-1931) was the New York State chess champion in 1901 (first prize was $40), 1907, and 1908 (winning the Rice Trophy for winning the State Chess Championship three time).  At one time, he was director of the Manhattan Chess Club... Read More »

  • O'Kelly de Galway, Alberic

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    Alberic O'Kelly de Galway (1911-1980) was a Belgium grandmaster (1956).  In 1962 he became the first grandmaster of over-the-board and  correspondence chess.  He was winner of the 3rd World Correspondence Championship (1962-1965... Read More »

  • Aagaard, Jacob

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    Jacob Aagaard Madsen, born July 31, 1973, is a Grandmaster (2005) originally from Denmark, but now living in Glasgow, Scotland.  He is usually referred to simply as Jacob Aagaard. He finished 2nd in the 111th Scottish Championship in 2004.  He... Read More »

  • Adamski, Jan

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    Jan Adamski, born in Warsaw on Nov 11, 1943, is a Polish International Master (1976).  He was Polish Champion in 1982.  He represented Poland in the 1968, 1970, 1974, 1978, 1982, and 1984 chess Olympiads.  His best ELO rating was 2470 in 1977. Read More »

  • Anastasian, Ashot

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    Ashot Anastasian, born July 16, 1964, is a Grandmaster from Armenia.   He won the Championship of Armenia in 1983, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1992, 1994, and 2005.  His current Elo rating is 2555.  His peak Elo rati... Read More »

  • Demonstration board

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    The first demonstration board was designed in 1857 by Lowenthal. The first use of a demonstration board in a World Championship match was for the Steinitz-Zukertort match in 1886. Read More »

  • GMA

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    Grandmasters Association, founded in 1987 by Garry Kasparov and Bessel Kok to give a voice to grandmasters that were dissatisfied with FIDE.  The GMA was succeeded in 1993 by the Professional Chessplayers Association (PCA).    ... Read More »