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Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • Simutowe, Amon

    • 79 Reads
    • | 79 Reads

    Amon Simutowe, born in 1982, is a chess player from Zambia who made his 3rd Grandmaster norm at Arnheim, Netherlands in August, 2007.  He is the first sub-Saharan African to become a Grandmaster.  His current Elo rating is 2421.&nbs... Read More »

  • Sicilian Defence, Taimanov Variation

    • 77 Reads
    • | 77 Reads

    The Taimanov Variation of the Sicilian Defence arises after the moves 1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 e6 3 d4 cd4 4 Nd4 Nc6.  An equivalent move order is 1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 d4 cd4 4 Nd4 e6.  The move order with 2...e6 is regarded as the standard move ord... Read More »

  • Longest games

    • 74 Reads
    • | 74 Reads

    The longest chess game is 269 moves (Ivan Nikolic - Goran Arsovic, Belgrade 1989) which ended in a draw after over 20 hours of play.  Two other games have gone to 200 or more moves.  In 1988 at the Saloniki Olympiad, Seirawan and Xu Jun ... Read More »

  • Gonzalez, Renier

    • 70 Reads
    • | 70 Reads

    Renier Gonzales, born in 1972, is a chess player from Miami (originally from Cuba) who has made his 3rd and final Grandmaster norm in Spain (his first GM norm was at Foxwoods Open 2004; his 2nd GM norm was at Lindsborg 2004).  He st... Read More »

  • Checkmate

    • 68 Reads
    • | 68 Reads

    Checkmate (frequently shortened to mate) is a situation in chess in which one player's king is in check and there is no way to remove that threat; it is a check from which there is no legal move to remove check through either capturing the pie... Read More »

  • Vachier-Lagrave, Maxime

    • 68 Reads
    • | 68 Reads

    Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, born October 21, 1990, is a French Grandmaster.  In 2002, he was 2nd in the World Under-14 Championship.  In 2005, he became a Grandmaster at the age of 14 years, 4 months, the 7th youngest GM in history and the 2nd young... Read More »

  • Prisons and chess

    • 65 Reads
    • | 65 Reads

    In 1960 Bobby Fischer gave a simultaneous exhibition at Rikers Island prison.  He defeated all 20 prisoners while 2,400 inmates watched the exhibition and the prison band played.  In 1971 a prisoner failed to return to Western Penitentia... Read More »

  • Muzio Gambit

    • 59 Reads
    • | 59 Reads

    A gambit in the King’s Gambit where the knight is sacrificed.  The moves are 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.Bc4 g4 5.O-O.  The opening received the name Muzio Gambit from a book by Jacob Sarratt, who blundered in the translation of t... Read More »

  • POW

    • 54 Reads
    • | 54 Reads

    In almost every war with Prisoners of War (POW), POWs have credited chess literally with saving their lives.  Any many POW camps, chess playing was the main diversion.  During World War II, POWs played chess with their German guards to d... Read More »

  • Gelfand, Boris

    • 54 Reads
    • | 54 Reads

    Boris Gelfand is a Grandmaster (1989) from Belorussia who moved to Israel.  In 1988 he tied for first in the World Junior Championship.  In 1995 he lost to Karpov in the Candidates final match.  He has won two Interzonals (1990 at M... Read More »