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Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • Fedorowicz, John

    • 41 Reads
    • | 41 Reads

    John Peter Fedorowicz, born Sep 27, 1958, is an American Grandmaster (1986) who was U.S. Junior co-champion in 1977 and champion in 1978.  He won the U.S. Open in 1981 and the New York Open in 1989.  He took 3rd in the 1984 and the 1987 ... Read More »

  • Gaprindashvili, Nona

    • 40 Reads
    • | 40 Reads

    Nona Terentievna Gaprindashvili, born May 3, 1941, was the first woman to achieve the men's International Grandmaster title, in 1978.  She became the first woman to win a "men's" chess tournament when she tied for first plac... Read More »

  • Fahrni, Hans

    • 39 Reads
    • | 39 Reads

    Hans Fahrni was born in Prague, Czechoslovakia in 1874.  In 1892 he was joint Swiss chess champion (with Corrodi).  He was the first master to play 100 opponents simultaneously.  It took place in 1911 at Munich.  His score was ... Read More »

  • Sicilian, Kan Variation

    • 39 Reads
    • | 39 Reads

    The Kan Variation of the Sicilian Defence arises after the moves 1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 e6 3 d4 cd4 4 Nd4 a6.  Black creates a bed of thorns with his pawns to prevent the invasion of white's knights. Read More »

  • Staunton chessmen

    • 38 Reads
    • | 38 Reads

    The only type of chess set allowed in FIDE events.  In the 1978 World Championship match in Baguio, none of the chess sets shown to Karpov and Korchnoi just before the match were of the Staunton pattern.  Someone had to drive to Manila t... Read More »

  • Vera Menchik Club

    • 38 Reads
    • | 38 Reads

    Players who lost to Vera Menchik.  Before the start of the Carlsbad International Tournament in 1929, Albert Becker said if man should lose to this woman, he would be a member of the Vera Menchik Club.  His was the first member.  Ot... Read More »

  • Aronian, Levon

    • 38 Reads
    • | 38 Reads

    Levon Aronian, born Oct 6, 1982, is a Grandmaster (2001) from Armenia.   He learned chess at the age of 9.  In 1994, he won the World Under-12 Chess Championship with an 8 out 9 score.  He won the 2002 World Junior Chess Champi... Read More »

  • Mechanics' Institute

    • 37 Reads
    • | 37 Reads

    Oldest chess meeting place in the United States, founded on December 11, 1854.  Formerly the Mercantile Library in San Francisco, it was not incorporated as a chess club in its own right.  In 1906 the great San Francisco earthquake destr... Read More »

  • Pawn

    • 37 Reads
    • | 37 Reads

    The new pawn move, advancing two squares on its first move instead of one, was first introduced in Spain in 1280.  Starting a game by making two pawn moves before the opponent moved was common in Germany and Holland up to the 16th century, and st... Read More »

  • Queen

    • 37 Reads
    • | 37 Reads

    Originally called mantri (a minister or counselor), it could only move to one adjacent diagonal square.  When chess came to Europe, the Queen could leap three squares.  By 1475 the Queen obtained its present power of moving along the ranks and f... Read More »