16760 Players currently online!
Man vs. Machine - good luck!
Turn-based games at any time!
Vote for the best move to win!
Do you have what it takes?
Sharpen your tactical vision!
Get advice and game insights!
Learn from top players & pros!
View millions of master games!
Your virtual chess coach!
Perfect your opening moves!
Test your skills vs. computer!
Find the right private coach!
Can you solve it each day?
Bring it all together!
Beginners, start here!
Make friends & play team games!
News from the world of chess!
Search all Chess.com members!
Find local clubs & events!
Who's the best of your friends?
Read what members are saying!
Last updated on 8/16/11, 9:30 PM.
A pawn which cannot be protected by its neighbouring pawns because they have advanced further up the board.
A backward pawn can become a weakness, but sometimes other factors can compensate. Some opening variations allow backward pawns to occur, usually hoping for compensation in the form of active pieces.
Isn't this also called an "Isolated Pawn?"
@Divine-Beast: NO, an isolated pawn is literally isolated from any other pawns - ie there are no other pawns (its own color of course) on either side of it
However, in effect a backward pawn is isolated because it can't be protected by any other pawns.
Here's a handy link for you (in fact I'm going to bookmark it for myself as well)
This definition is incomplete. A pawn is not backward if you control the squares in front of it regardless of where your other pawns are because you can just push it ahead. Pushing g6 doesn't instantly make h7 a backward pawn if your Bishop and Knight are still on the board and White isn't piling up on h6... it can become backward later, but it's not the same thing. A pawn is backward only if the opponent controls the square in front of it. A backward pawn is fixed; you can't move it without losing it. And a pawn can be both isolated and backward. If you're Black and your pawn is on d6, your c-pawn and e-pawn are gone, White has pawns on c4 and e4 and a Knight on c3 then you have a backward, isolated d-pawn. A more common thing is when you have a pawn on e5 too like in some Sicilian lines, when the backward pawn is supporting another pawn, that's the way it's always shown in text books but it doesn't have to have other pawns around it to be the same kind of weakness. The point is it is not supported by other pawns (like this defination says) and also that it can't be pushed. (There do seem to be different definitions, some people thinking a pawn can only be backward on a half open file, when an enemy rook helps the oponent control it, and one place I just looked at says an enemy has to be attacking the pawn for it be backward but I think they're misreading/mistranslating a text... anyway a pawn you can push is not backward.)
You must be logged in to edit this page.
Why Join | Chess Topics |
Help & Support |
© 2013 Chess.com
• Chess - English
We are working hard to make Chess.com available in over 70 languages. Check back over the year as we develop the technology to add more, and we will try our best to notify you when your language is ready for translating!