Florencio Basa Campomanes, born Feb 22, 1927, was the first non-European elected FIDE President (1982-1995). In 1956, he was the first National Master of the Philippines Chess Federation. He played Board 2 for the Philippines in the 1956 Olympiad in Moscow, the 1958 Olympiad in Munich, and was the top board for the Philippines in the 1960 Chess Olympiad. From 1956 to 1980, he captained the Philippne chess team at 12 Chess Olympiads. He was the President of the Philippine Chess Federation in 1960 through 1961. When he was elected FIDE President in 1982 the entire FIDE staff and FIDE secretary resigned in protest. His biggest controversy was the stopping of the Karpov-Kasparov match in February 1985. He graduated from Brown University.