Magnus Carlsen, Norwegian child chess prodigy, was born Nov 30, 1990, and gained the Grandmaster title (2004) at the age of 13 years, 4 months and 27 days. He became the 2nd youngest GM in chess history, behind only Sergey Karjakin and Parimarjan Negi. He started playing chess at 8 and was trained by Grandmaster Simen Agdestein, Norway’s top chess player. He took 10th in the 2005 FIDE World Cup, becoming the youngest player ever to qualify for the Candidates. In 2006, he won the Norwegian Championship. His Elo rating is 2810, and is now rated the world number one.