A chess prodigy is a chess player that is very young yet can play chess very well. A chess prodigy can beat masters at an early age. Many chess prodigies become famous and some suddenly quit sadly. Here is a list of great chess prodigies:
1. Paul Morphy:He was the pride and sorrow of chess and went to the top of the world and was beating people at age 12. He quit after only 4 years, sadly.
2.Jose Raul Capablanca was the second great prodigy. He beat Cuban grandmasters at the age of 12 and 13. He went on to become world champion, holding the title for 6 years. He got bored of it though and later invented Capablanca chess as an alternative. He was a talented player but for him, it was all too easy.
3. Samuel Reshevsky began giving simultaneous exhibitions at only age 6! He was one of the best players in the US, before young Bobby Fischer came along. He never got a chance to challenge for the World Championship, thanks to WWII. He was the strongest player in the world for 5 years.
4. Bobby Fischer became US champion in his teens. He later won it many more times. He was a strong natural talent like Capablanca and defeated Boris Spassky in the Match of the Century. He later quit and stopped playing chess from then on. He lost his title from default and never played a game again except in a rematch from Boris Spassky in 1992.
5.Ruslan Ponomariov gained his GM title at age 14. He later became FIDE world champion but this is kind of disputed.
Others:Bu Xiangzhi of China became GM at nearly 14 in 1999. Sergey Karjakin broke this record with an age of 12 and a half in 2002. Women prodigies include Hou Yifan also from China who gained GM(not WGM) at only age 14 and a half.