• Last updated on 11/20/15, 6:42 AM.

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Chess is a two-player board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid. Chess is played by millions of people worldwide in homes, urban parksclubsonlinecorrespondence, and in tournaments. In recent years, chess has become part of some school curricula.

Each player begins the game with 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns. Each of the six piece types moves differently. The most powerful piece is the queen and the least powerful piece is the pawn. The objective is to 'checkmate' the opponent's king by placing it under an inescapable threat of capture. To this end, a player's pieces are used to attack and capture the opponent's pieces, while supporting their own. In addition to checkmate, the game can be won by voluntary resignation by the opponent, which typically occurs when too much material is lost, or if checkmate appears unavoidable. A game may also result in a draw in several ways.

Chess is believed to have originated in Persia, some time before the 7th century; the Indian game of chaturanga is also the likely ancestor of xiangqi and shogi. The pieces took on their current powers in Spain in the late 15th century; the rules were finally standardized in the 19th century. The first generally recognized World Chess ChampionWilhelm Steinitz, claimed his title in 1886.

The current World Champion is the Norwegian Magnus Carlsen. The World Championship is now controlled by FIDE, the game's international governing body. FIDE also organizes the Women's World Championship, the World Junior Championship, the World Senior Championship the Blitz and Rapid World Championships and the Chess Olympiad, a popular competition among teams from different nations. There is also a Correspondence Chess World Championship and a World Computer Chess Championship.

Chess is a recognized sport of the International Olympic Committee;[1] some national sporting bodies such as the Spanish Consejo Superior de Deportes also recognize chess as a sport.[2]

Online chess has opened amateur and professional competition to a wide and varied group of players. There are also many chess variants, with different rules, different pieces, and different boards.

Since the second half of the 20th century, computers have been programmed to play chess with increasing success, to the point where the strongest home computers play chess at a higher level than the best human players. Since the 1990s, computer analysis has contributed significantly to chess theory, particularly in the endgame. The computer Deep Blue was the first machine to overcome a reigning World Chess Champion in a match when it defeated Garry Kasparov in 1997.


  • 7 years ago · Quote · #21


    thanx for the information!Wink 

  • 6 years ago · Quote · #22


    There is a book out called the immortal game that goes through the history of chess that is interesting.  I  got the book on cd through my local library.   Laughing

  • 6 years ago · Quote · #23


    Do you play the Scotch? Or do you want to play the Scotch? If so, we welcome you to to join the Scotch Fans Team! We have many forums regarding the Scotch, from how to successfully play this remarkable opening, to how to counter any possible defenses against the Scotch, favourite lines of the Scotch and even how to play as Black should the Scotch be used against us.

    Being one of Garry Kasparov's favourite weapons, the Scotch is one of the simplest to learn; yet there are so many possibilities and traps that can arise from the Scotch that it can sometimes catch the opponent off guard. The Scotch immediately gives White an advantage right from the beginning as the center is White's, White has more space, there is more room for development, both central pawns are right in the center of the board and White is still one move ahead.

    We are also very active in team matches and vote chess games. The time limit varies to suit more people, for example 3 days and 5 days. If you do not know what the Scotch is, check us out!

    Come join our team and show everyone the wonders of the Scotch!

  • 6 years ago · Quote · #24



  • 6 years ago · Quote · #25


    i heard that originally, the queen wasn't in the game. is that true?

  • 6 years ago · Quote · #26


    For a much more thorough explanation and history of chess, including 80 reference citations, refer to Wikipedia -

  • 6 years ago · Quote · #27


    Americans tend to view sports as being physical; however I think that sports can also be battles of the mind too.  After all, baseball, football, tennis, or any other physical sports is determined drastically by the mental aspect.   ANY possible thing you can imagine, including self-esteem, outcome,attitude, etc comes from the non-physical aspect.

    As a fan and player of physical sports, I hope chess someday makes it to the Olympics, because I would be fascinated to watch the top tactional minds square off.   That is excitement. 

  • 6 years ago · Quote · #28


    Caturanga and modern chess is identical  except renaming of pieces.

  • 6 years ago · Quote · #29



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  • 6 years ago · Quote · #31


    really interesting..

  • 6 years ago · Quote · #32


    helps to know where your game has been.Cool

  • 6 years ago · Quote · #33


    there is always something new to learn from history,

  • 6 years ago · Quote · #34



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  • 6 years ago · Quote · #37


    Chess is a sport game, that's why i like it. Try to understand chess opening and defense variation for a half game and last make end game. mangement your time.

    thank you very much!

    By: KingOfChess999

  • 6 years ago · Quote · #38


    The chess game has an oriental history. Still in my country (TURKEY) the name of the game is "satranç", which reminds Chatrang or Shatranj... And the names of pieces differ from Europian chess piece names. Actually, King is called "Şah" which is called after persian kings. Queen is called "Vezir" which means the advisor of the king (Note that there may be more than one "vezir" in older goverments just like in chess :))... Rook is called "kale" which has the same meaning. Bishop is called as "fil" which is Turkish word for elephant. Knight is called "at" which means "horse". Pawn is called "piyon" or "piyade" which means foot soldier. These different names makes me think that the game is clearly effected from the social life of where it played...

  • 6 years ago · Quote · #39


    In Persia the pieces are: shah(king), vazir or farzin(minister), pheal(elephant), asb(horse), rokh, pyade or sarbaz(soldier), respectively instead of; K,Q,B,N,R,P

  • 5 years ago · Quote · #40


    A complex game with a complex beginning

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