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Chess

  • Last updated on 7/9/14, 8:45 AM.

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Chess is a game played between two players using 32 pieces (16 each of two distinct colors) on a 64 square board.

The earliest known ancestor of modern chess was an Indian game called Chaturanga, where the knight, King and Rooks moved the same but there was no castling, two square move for the pawn and the Bishop and Queen where much weaker. It then moved to Persia where it was known as Chatrang, eventually making it's way through the still youthful Islamic Empire into Southern Spain. By the 1500's it had spread all through Europe and there where many different ways to play, including one where both King a Queen can move at the same time. The modern rules where adopted in Spain sometime in the 1500's.

Legend has it that the Queen's power on the chess board was an idea of Spanish chess players modeling Queen Isabella, arguably one of the most powerful female monarchs in European History.

Comments


  • 4 years ago · Quote · #41

    KAZO

    Degree 0 of History. Below than poor.

    For a good book of Chess History in English look at Richard Eales' Chess: The History of a Game.

    Or if you can find it, the "Bible": H.J.R.Murray "A History of Chess", 900p of pure erudition, published in 1913 still unsurpassed.

  • 4 years ago · Quote · #42

    zackman12

    it amazes  me how many people got a chess.com account and looked up chess though the article is interesting

  • 4 years ago · Quote · #43

    rhythm163

    Great to know, how the game Chess has been evolved...

  • 4 years ago · Quote · #44

    black_death_07

    "Immortal game" ...that's a nice name :D

  • 4 years ago · Quote · #45

    poweredtoastman

    cool

  • 4 years ago · Quote · #46

    ProudToBeMacedonian

    The Pawn and the King are going in the same box after the game!

  • 4 years ago · Quote · #47

    nonowho

    WARNING!   WARNING!

     

    information overload!

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #48

    xys

    cool

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #49

    ak_chess

    It is ironic 'Chaturanga' came back to India after Europeans had remodelled it (isabella et.al.) as Shatranj (persian) or Chess (english) and 'Chaturanga' itself is now totally forgotten..thanks for this article..

    breaking it down the word 'Chaturanga' has the following meaning -

    Chaturanga is made of two words - 'Chatur' and 'anga'

    Chatur - intelligent/sharp/witty

    Anga - parts/pieces/components

    Thus going back in time 

    Chess-> Shatranj->Chaturanga (meaning 'Intelligent Pieces')

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #50

    Mastersagar

    it is the life

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #51

    reza62

    you know , in Iran we still call this game ' shatranj' . it is the Persian name of chess.

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #52

    reza62

    did u know in iran bishops of chess are in fact symbols of elephants?

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #53

    Kingontheroad

    I've heard a legend that it was created either in India or Persia, bid by an absolutely bored King. He promise  to grant any wishes to whoever could create a game to keep him interested more than any other existent game.

    It is said that the inventor requested just one grain for the first square, and to double the amount in every consecutive square. Unknowngly the King was surprised by such a 'humble' request. However when he summoned the mathematicians of the court to figure out the amount of grain that would result after the end of this calculation, he realized that such amount did not exist in all the granaries of his Kingdom. The amount: 2 to the Power of 64, which I believe gives a number of 35 + digits, if a remember correctly. If anyone knows about this, and the resulting number,  please complement the story.

    Have fun

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #54

    Mastersagar

    in india is rook elefant

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #55

    Republic26_1_1950

    Yep, we Indians invented it first!!!

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #56

    fsensei

    chaturanga was a nice game espcially playing with a dice who wanna play first with the high number of diced!!!

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #57

    evil_seed88

    Great!

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #58

    YooperMan

    Making chess an Olympic sport will surely increase its popularity.
  • 3 years ago · Quote · #59

    itisnotmyusername

    WONDERFUL PIECE OF INFORMATION

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #60

    NimzoRoy

    Way back when the Queen moved like the King and Bishops only moved 2 squares at a time, and pawns only one square on their first move (yawn) making Rooks (ie Castles) the most powerful pieces just as in real life castles were very powerful until the advent of modern cannon. So chess seems to have advanced along with technology and possibly owes a debt to Queen Isabella too, although my ancestors (Jews) certainly don't!

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