de Firmian, Nicholas (Nick)
Nicholas (Nick) Ernest DeFirmian, born July 26, 1957, is an American Grandmaster (1985). In 1986, he won the World Open and first prize of $21,000. He was U.S. chess champion in 1987 (tied with Joel Benjamin), 1995, and 1998. He has a degree in physics and worked with the IBM Deep Blue team in 1997, preparing the computer’s openings for its winning efforts over world champion Garry Kasparov. The U.S. Chess Federation awarded him with “the 1999 Grandmaster of the Year” title. He was a founding member of Process, a group dedicated in promoting chess in America.