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Evans, Larry

  • Last updated on 2/19/11, 9:12 PM.

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Larry Melvyn Evans (March 22, 1932 – November 15, 2010) was an  was an American Chess Grandmaster, author and journalist. He won or shared the U.S. Open Chess Championship five times and the U.S. Open Chess Championship four times.  He won or shared the  five times and the  four times. He wrote a long-running syndicated chess column and wrote or co-wrote more than 20 books on chess.

Chess career:

 Early years:  Evans was born in Manhattan on March 22, 1932, and learned much about the game by playing for ten cents an hour on 42nd Street in New York City, quickly becoming a rising star. At age 14, he tied for fourth-fifth place in the Marshall Chess Club championship. The next year he won it outright, becoming the youngest Marshall champion at that time. He also finished equal second in the U.S. Junior Championship, which led to an article in the September 1947 issue of Chess Review. At 16, he played in the 1948 U.S. Chess Championship, his first, tying for eighth place at 11½–7½.[1] Evans tied with Arthur Bisguier for first place in the U.S. Junior Chess Championship of 1949. By age 18, he had won a New York State championship as well as a gold medal in the Dubrovnik Chess Olympiad of 1950. In the latter, his 90% score (eight wins and two draws) on sixth board tied with Rabar of Yugoslavia for the best result of the entire Olympiad.[2]

US champion:  In 1951, he first won the U.S. Championship, ahead of Samuel Reshevsky, who had tied for third-fourth in the 1948 World Championship match-tournament.[3] Evans won his second championship the following year by winning a title match against Herman Steiner.[4] He won the national championship thrice more – in 1961–62, 1967–68[5] and 1980, the last in a tie with Walter Browne and Larry Christiansen.[6][7][8]

Grandmaster:  FIDE awarded Evans the titles of International Master (1952) and International Grandmaster (1957). In 1956 the U.S. State Department appointed him a "chess ambassador".

Evans performed well in many U.S. events during the 1960s and 1970s, but his trips abroad to international tournaments were infrequent and less successful. He won the U.S. Open Chess Championship in 1951, 1952, 1954 (he tied with Arturo Pomar but won the title on the tie-break) and tied with Walter Browne in 1971. He also won the first Lone Pine tournament in 1971.[9]

Olympiad successes:  He represented the U.S. in eight Chess Olympiads over a period of twenty-six years, winning gold (1950), silver (1958), and bronze (1976) medals for his play, and participating in team gold (1976) and silver (1966) medals.[10][11][12]

Best international results:  His best results on foreign soil included two wins at the Canadian Open Chess Championship, 1956 in Montreal, and 1966 in Kingston, Ontario. He tied for first-second in the 1975 Portimão, Portugal International[13] and for second-third with World Champion Tigran Petrosian, behind Jan Hein Donner, in Venice, 1967.[14] However, his first, and what ultimately proved to be his only, chance in the World Chess Championship cycle ended with a disappointing 14th place (10/23) in the 1964 Amsterdam Interzonal.[15]

Helped Fischer win world title:   He never entered the world championship cycle again, and concentrated his efforts on assisting his fellow American Bobby Fischer in his quest for the world title. He was Fischer's second for the Candidates matches leading up to the World Chess Championship 1972 against Boris Spassky, though not for the championship match itself, after a disagreement with Fischer.

Evans (right) helping Fischer prepare for his World Championship match.

 

Larry Evans Vs. Bobby Fischer, 1965


Highest rating:   At his peak in October 1968 he was rated 2631 by the United States Chess Federation.

Chess Journalism

Evans had always been interested in writing as well as playing. By the age of eighteen, he had already published David Bronstein's Best Games of Chess, 1944–1949 and the Vienna International Tournament, 1922. His book New Ideas in Chess was published in 1958, and was later reprinted. He wrote or co-wrote more than 20 books on chess.[16]

Death

On November 15, 2010, Evans died in Reno, Nevada, from complications following gallbladder surgery.[20][21][22]


References:

  1.  William Lombardy and David Daniels, U.S. Championship Chess, David McKay, 1975, pp. 33–36. ISBN 0-679-13042-X.
  2.  Árpád Főldeák, Chess Olympiads 1927–1968, Dover Publications, 1979, pp. 181, 183. ISBN 0-486-23733-8.
  3.  William Lombardy and David Daniels, U.S. Championship Chess, David McKay, 1975, pp. 37–39. ISBN 0-679-13042-X.
  4.  William Lombardy and David Daniels, U.S. Championship Chess, David McKay, 1975, p. 40. ISBN 0-679-13042-X.
  5.  Strawberry Open
  6.  William Lombardy and David Daniels, U.S. Championship Chess, David McKay, 1975, pp. 54–56, 69–71. ISBN 0-679-13042-X.
  7.  Chess Informant, Volume 30, Šahovski Informator, 1981, p. 290.
  8.  Larry Christiansen, 1980 U.S. Championship, Chess Enterprises, Inc., 1980, pp. 6, 108. ISBN 0-931462-09-6.
  9.  John Grefe and Dennis Waterman, The Best of Lone Pine: The Louis D. Statham Chess Tournaments 1971–1980, R.H.M. Press, 1981, pp. 38, 42. ISBN 0-89058-049-9.
  10.  Árpád Főldeák, Chess Olympiads 1927–1968, Dover Publications, 1979, pp. 181–83, 198–202, 264–69, 311–15, 358–64, 383–89. ISBN 0-486-23733-8.
  11.  R.D. Keene and D.N.L. Levy, Siegen Chess Olympiad, CHESS Ltd., 1970, p. 214.
  12.  R.D. Keene and D.N.L. Levy, Haifa Chess Olympiad 1976, The Chess Player, 1977, pp. 63–78.
  13.  Chess Informant, Šahovski Informator, Volume 20, 1976, p. 263.
  14.  Chess Informant, Šahovski Informator, Volume 4, 1968, p. 282.
  15.  B.M. Kazic, International Championship Chess: A Complete Record of FIDE Events, 1974, pp. 167–68. ISBN 0-273-07078-9.
  16.  Larry Evans, This Crazy World of Chess, Cardoza Publishing, 2007, back cover. ISBN 1-58042-218-7.
  17.  Larry Evans, This Crazy World of Chess, Cardoza Publishing, 2007, pp. 20, 29. ISBN 1-58042-218-7.
  18.  Edward Winter, The Facts About Larry Evans (2001). 
  19.  Larry Parr, Not Quicker Than the Mind's Eye
  20.  USCF: Eulogy
  21.  Chessbase: Eulogy
  22.  McLain, Dylan Loeb (November 17, 2010), "Larry Evans, Chess Champ, Dies at 78", The New York Times
Selected books

What's the Best Move? (1995). ISBN 0-671-51159-9.
The 10 Most Common Chess Mistakes (1998). ISBN 1-58042-009-5.
How Good Is Your Chess? (2004). ISBN 1-58042-126-1.
New Ideas in Chess (1958). Pitman. ISBN 0-486-28305-4 (1984 Dover edition).
Modern Chess Brilliancies (1970). Fireside Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0-671-22420-4.
Modern Chess Openings (1965). 10th edition, revised by Larry Evans, edited by Walter Korn. Pitman Publishing.
Evans on Chess (1974). Cornerstone Library.
This Crazy World of Chess (2007). Cardoza Publishing. ISBN 1-58042-218-7.
 
Preceded by
Herman Steiner
United States Chess Champion
1951–1954
Succeeded by
Arthur Bisguier
Preceded by
Bobby Fischer
United States Chess Champion
1961
Succeeded by
Bobby Fischer
Preceded by
Bobby Fischer
United States Chess Champion
1968
Succeeded by
Samuel Reshevsky
Preceded by
Lubomir Kavalek
United States Chess Champion
1980 (with Walter Browne and Larry Christiansen)
Succeeded by
Walter Browne and Yasser Seirawan

Comments


  • 4 years ago · Quote · #1

    MikeDoyle

    Sadly, Mr. Evans passed way nov. 15, 2010.  I suppose I should edit the article to incorporate that.

  • 4 years ago · Quote · #2

    MikeDoyle

    game between singer Ray Charles and Larry Evans: http://www.chessbase.com/newsdetail.asp?newsid=1722

  • 4 years ago · Quote · #3

    MikeDoyle

    Larry Evans on the cover of Chess Review:

  • 4 years ago · Quote · #4

    MikeDoyle

  • 4 years ago · Quote · #5

    MikeDoyle

  • 4 years ago · Quote · #6

    chessproblemo

    In the nineties, I think, Evans became a USCF Hall of Famer. His game played in the fifties against Mengarini, if I am not mistaken, was one of his best efforts.

  • 4 years ago · Quote · #7

    MikeDoyle

    Awesome!  I honestly figured this entry would not get ANY commnets at all LOL, let alone an intelligent informative one such as yours, Chessproblemo.  

    There was a VERY short article here on Larry Evans, and at first I figured I would simply update it to reflect that he passed way. But i discovered so much stuff in Wikipedia and other public domain sites that I figured heck, I might as well replace it with a proper article, using public domain material and reference anything else.  I noticed other chess sites' entries about GM Evans are largely copied from Wikipedia word for word. LOL. Nothing wrong with that; yet anothr great thing about Wikipedia is it is instantly public domain, as long as sources are referenced.

    Nothing in this article is origianl work by me i don't think, besides collecting a few things.  However, I spent a lot more time on it than I had ever intended.  I HAD intended to spend 5 minutes. lol. But heck, this is chess.com, GM Larry Evans was an excellnt chess player, and he died a mere 4 months ago. He deserves recognition anywhere it makes sense to recognize him.

    The ONE thing from the previous short article that I could not figure how to carry over as there was no reference for it was "Larry Evans was probably the best Blackjack player of any GM." LOL.  If anyone can figure out how to incorporate that - much appreciateed.

    and by all means, feel free to change and correct this entry however you se fit. It's a Wiki.

    I realize Larry Evans was no Fischer, Kaspoarov, Karpov, etc, so probably few people will read this, but heck, he was pretty dang cool, a GM, US champ, and a very good chess journalist and author, much deserving of our admiration and respect.

    But hmmmmmm, Evans played Fischer many times and he won a heck of a lot, a LOT more than once. But chess is like that of course, as we all know. We ALL lose, and often; no one wins all the time. 

  • 4 years ago · Quote · #8

    MikeDoyle

    btw - those items in the references that are green are clickable hyperlinks.  They are a bit hard to differentitae form the black text, but chessopedia doesn't make them blue and underlined like most apps. do. For example, 18  Edward Winter, The Facts About Larry Evans (2001) includes the hyperlink

    http://www.chesshistory.com/winter/extra/evans.html

    From now on, anything I put in chessopedia, I am going to list the references like that.  I may go back to earlier things i put in chessopedia and list the references, but porbably not. LOL.  That is a lot of work and it's not like we get paid for working on anything in here. :P

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #9

    nimitshah123

    he originated the evans gambit

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #10

    MikeDoyle

    ROTFL. The Evans Gambit is named after the Welsh sea Captain William Davis Evans, the first player known to have employed it. The first game with the opening is considered to be Evans - McDonnell, London 1827, although in that game a slightly different move order was tried (1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bc4 Bc5 4. O-O d6 and only now 5. b4).

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