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Ruy Lopez

  • Last updated on 8/31/14, 1:55 AM.

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Opening: Ruy Lopez (Spanish)
ECO: C60
ECO Variations: C60 - C99
Type: King's Pawn Game
PGN: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5
FEN:  r1bqkbnr/pppp1ppp/2n5/1B2p3/4P3/5N2/PPPP1PPP/RNBQK2R b KQkq - 3 3

The Ruy Lopez (also known as the Spanish Opening) is a chess opening beginning with the moves 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5. While this opening was first noted in the Gottingen Manuscript around 1490, it is named after Ruy López de Segura, a 16th century Spanish priest who published a book on chess in 1561. His book, Libro del Ajedrez, included analysis of the opening which would later bear his name.

The first ever recorded modern chess game with Ruy Lopez opening was in 1803 between Hermann Victor Hesse and an unknown player ended 1-0. Several notable games include:

  1. Lasker vs Capablanca, 1914 (1-0)
  2. Capablanca vs Marshall, 1918 (1-0)
  3. Tal vs Hjartarson, 1987 (1-0)
  4. Kasparov vs Karpov, 1990 (1-0)
  5. Shiven vs Pruijssers, 2011 (1/2 - 1/2)

The Ruy Lopez is regarded as one of white's best attempts to achieve an advantage in double king-pawn openings and is popular with both beginners and experienced players. It is commonly seen in games played at the grandmaster level.

The key is to put pressure on the e5 pawn quickly. However, after 3...a6 4. Bxc6 dxc6 5. Nxe5 white gets into trouble with 5...Qd4! 

This is why White's 5th move in this, The Exchange Variation, is usually 0-0 or sometimes d4. The great thing about the Ruy Lopez is that Black doesn't have to play 3. ... a6 and White doesn't have to exchange if he does! The Lopez is a complex maze of opening possibilities and deeply analyzed variations that you could play your whole life and never get to the bottom of.  

The standard, accepted main line of the Ruy Lopez is: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 d6 8. c3 0-0 9. h3 and here, where Black picks his strategy to counter the impending d4 push by White in the center, the further course of the game is determined.

Ruy Lopez is regarded as the most frequent opening by the Chessmaster Grandmaster Edition database. The 18 steps of Ruy Lopez is 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. O-O Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 d6 8. c3 O-O 9. h3 Be6 10. d4 Bxb3 11. axb3 exd4 12. cxd4 d5 13. e5 Ne4 14. Nc3 f5 15. exf6 Nxf6 16. Bg5 b4 17. Na4 Ne4 18 Bxe7 Nxe7 which can be shown below.

 

Note that after 4. Ba4 Nf6, the variation is called Morphy Defence (C77), after 5. O-O Be7, the variation is called Closed System (C84) and after 9. h3 Be6 the variation is called Kholmov Variation (C92).Enjoy!

Comments


  • 3 years ago · Quote · #141

    kangwa1

    I have tried it several times, it is pretty much a good move.

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #142

    dcremisi

    In the the first posted diagram couldnt white just block the queen with the attacked knight and be up by a pawn?

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #143

    k1nderkakke

    I use it always!

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #144

    k1nderkakke

    I saw a book about Ruy Lopez!

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #145

    litohmags

    The Marshall Gambit, a variation of the Ruy Lopez is more interesting to me...

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #146

    Barbosss

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #147

    calvinsl777

    Really nice move

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #148

    chess_win

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #149

    chess_win

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #150

    shukthemaster

    never take the hanging pone at e5...it's just suiciding

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #151

    DD71

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #152

    DD71

    Ruy Lopez also know Spanish Game

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #153

    Aquafog

    helped a lot

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #154

    chessgenius2014

    sounds interesting....

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #155

    DD71

    Actually I am trying to play many different openings concerning the first 5 moves in a game Cry

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #156

    subhanaris

    I think after 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 , 3. Bc4 is also another good move, after that white can force a fork by 4. Ng5 and Nxf7

    But Ruy Lopez is one of my favorite opening after king's indian defence

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #157

    Maj1D

    and ruy lopez was not a priest -_-

    he was a wine merchant

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #158

    capaz2

    love the examples, thanks

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #159

    owendelaluna

    can anyone give me other variations of the Famous ruy Lopez?

  • 3 years ago · Quote · #160

    DD71

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