15076 Players currently online!
Man vs. Machine - good luck!
Turn-based games at any time!
Vote for the best move to win!
Do you have what it takes?
Sharpen your tactical vision!
Get advice and game insights!
Learn from top players & pros!
View millions of master games!
Your virtual chess coach!
Perfect your opening moves!
Test your skills vs. computer!
Find the right private coach!
Can you solve it each day?
Bring it all together!
Beginners, start here!
Make friends & play team games!
News from the world of chess!
Search all Chess.com members!
Find local clubs & events!
Who's the best of your friends?
Read what members are saying!
The first instance of this opening is in an 1855 game by Moheschunder Bannerjee, an Indian player who had transitioned from Indian chess rules, playing black against John Cochrane in Calcutta, in May 1855: 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 d5 4.e3 Bg7 5.Nf3 0-0 6.cxd5 Nxd5 7.Be2 Nxc3 8.bxc3 c5 9.0-0 cxd4 10.cxd4 Nc6 11.Bb2 Bg4 12.Rc1 Rc8 13.Ba3 Qa5 14.Qb3 Rfe8 15.Rc5 Qb6 16.Rb5 Qd8 17.Ng5 Bxe2 18.Nxf7 Na5 and White mates in three (19.Nh6+ double check Kh8 20.Qg8+ Rxg8 21.Nf7#).. Cochrane published a book reporting his games with Moheshchunder and other Indians in 1864.
It gained popularity however, after Ernst Grünfeld introduced it into international play at Vienna 1922, where, in his first game with the defense, he defeated future world champion Alexander Alekhine. Interestingly, Grünfeld usually employed a very classical style. The defence was later adopted by a number of prominent players, includingVasily Smyslov, Viktor Korchnoi and Bobby Fischer. Garry Kasparov often used the defence, including in his World Championship matches against Anatoly Karpov in 1986, 1987 and 1990, and Vladimir Kramnik in 2000. Currently active notable players who employ the opening include Loek Van Wely, Peter Svidler, Peter Leko, Vishwanathan Anand and Luke McShane. Anand employed it twice in the World Chess Championship 2010.
The Game of the Century between Donald Byrne and 13-year old Bobby Fischer on October 17, 1956, featured this opening, although arriving in the Grünfeld via atransposition of moves (using 1.Nf3 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.d4 O-O 5.Bf4 d5).
for more info got to
Wikipedia is free, but it is copyrighted and you should not just copy and paste whole, or almost whole articles. Use a short snippet or a synopsis of the article and include a link to the original site. That way you stay on the right side of the law.
9/18/2014 - Mate in 4
by guF4Eqec a few minutes ago
Tournaments in Android app
by ToNyStArK007 4 minutes ago
Magnus Carlsen or Fabiano Caruana
by MuhammadAreez10 8 minutes ago
Can I watch live games on the android app?
by xcop 8 minutes ago
9/10/2014 - GM Tiger Persson - GM Oleg Romanishin, Corus C, 20
by ellie100 10 minutes ago
Premove capability for mobile app
by Ivda 20 minutes ago
True or false? Chess will never be solved! why?
by awesomechess1729 21 minutes ago
Ashley's Million-dollar chess tourney - but bring your own clocks
by SilentKnighte5 22 minutes ago
The Dubrovie Mania...
by 9kick9 28 minutes ago
Can someone analyze this chess960 game?
by chessplayer31415926 35 minutes ago
Why Join | Chess Topics |
Help & Support |
© 2014 Chess.com
• Chess - English
We are working hard to make Chess.com available in over 70 languages. Check back over the year as we develop the technology to add more, and we will try our best to notify you when your language is ready for translating!