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Currently I only study tactics and feel I am getting proficient at playing open games. However when it comes to playing closed games I often lose due to trying to open it up with sacrifices. This is because closed games seem really boring and dull.
These are two closed games I played:
Can someone give me an idea on how to play closed games well?
This frustrates me to no end. Neither of those games are closed games.
Youre another chess newbie that studies tactics, and think hes another Mihail Tal. If all youre interested in is tactics, because strategy is "dull and boring" then expect this to continue to happen. if you really want to improve your game, then you need to study the game competely, not just 1 part of it. The fact that you have no idea how to study strategy, middle game planning, etc. is frightening.
I do know something about chess strategy. How do I improve my knowledge of it?
almost all chess games result in a fairly open position at some point. It might be well into the endgame, but it happens. If the game remains closed for the whole game, its goign to be a simple draw. If you know how to play open games...simply position your pieces in the squares that they would be useful if/when the position opens up...and look for you and your opponents pawn breaks. THey must have some pawn that cant move, right? thats the hook that your break will hinge on. It can be anything. Maybe you 0-0 earlier and your only pawn break is g5. Well whatever...as long as your oppoennt has no break you can spend the time to actually walk your king all the way to the a file and then finally play g5. Just pretend you are palying an open game, but the opp has no real threats to disturb your plans...so you can place your pieces on absolutely ideal squares around your future pawn break. Try to prevent the opp from doing the same.
Not entirely true.
Certain pawn breaks are "indicated" by the layout of the Pawns. For example, if your opponent (Black) has a chain of immobilized Pawns stretching from f7 to c4, you could in theory break against either e6 or c4... but f2-f4-f5 breaking against e6 is indicated. The break against c4 is a positional error.
theres the old nimzowich rule that the way to make a pawn chain weak is to attack the base. Its sensible. But i could certainly imagine a layout where breakign against c4 woudl actually be much better. And even if you picked the wrong break it might not be a disaster. Especially ifyou are simply much better tactically than your opponent.
But i could certainly imagine a layout where breakign against c4 woudl actually be much better.
Agreed, that's why I said "Not entirely true" instead of saying "Wrong".
There's a line in the French 3. Nd2 variation where breaking against White's e5-Pawn by ... f6 is perfectly playable for Black, for instance.
... but lines like that are the exception, rather than the rule.
Yeah, I agree. Although, white could just bypass all that jazz and play the french exchange. It does lead black to equality on move 3 though.
What do you know of chess straetgy now? That will help in determining what you need to work on. Some basics are:
In the middle game you need to start an attack. You have all the pieces in the game and now youshould use them to attack the opponent’s position. To start an attack you should compose a plan. There are just 2 steps which help you to find an effective plan:
• You need to find an object to attack.
• You should find a way to attack that object.
The easiest object of an attack is the opponent’s weaknesses. “Weaknesses” are the pawns or the squares on the 5th and on the 6th rank, which can’t be protected by pawns.
The central squares are the most important on the board. Because the pieces in the center are the most active, centralization provides the basic idea of a chess game – the activity of the pieces. The center squares being d4, d5, e4, e5. But also quite often “center squares” mean the huge center ( f3-c3-c6-f6).
As a general conclusion, you should attack the weaknesses in the center first.
When you decide on 3 candidate moves, you should start to calculate the variations. After changes in the position, you should make corrections in your plan. There are 2 stable factors in a chess position, material and pawn structure. When one of these changes, you need to make corrections to your plan.
Forcing moves (check, capture, threat) are the best. When you make forcing moves, you improve the position of your pieces and force your opponent to go back, and or make passive defensive moves. Forcing moves help you to realize your plan, and they don’t allow our opponent to realize his. You should alays try to make foricng moves first.
Obviously there is alot more to chess strategy, but in a nutshell this will get you started.
Fight to put rooks on open files, Knights on outposts of 5th of 6th rank, Keep Knights for closed games and bishops for open games. Use King in endgame.
When you gain material, try and keep your king safe and improve your development. Exchange to simplify position and avoid counterplay.
Limit pawn islands and attack weak squares and pawns by creating pawn islands in their camp.
Choose a target in the middle game and keep threatening it ( backward pawn, isolated pawn, weak squares)
Only move pawns up when needed and try to gain space. When you have more space, keep grabbing more on other areas.
Forcing moves often lead to combinations which gain material or endanger the king. The best forcing move is the threat of mate.
Thats what I know.
From the games you showed, it looks like your biggest problem is TACTICS, not strategy. Your problem is that you make tactical mistakes, not positional ones. It will take practice to avoid such blunders. In one game your biggest mistake is losing your rook to a tactic. In another game, you make a mistake when trying to fork your opponent's queen and a pawn, allowing your opponent to gobble up all your queenside pawns. Then you let him promote to a queen for free. Those are tactical mistakes.
You should take a look at http://home.comcast.net/~danheisman/Events_Books/General_Book_Guide.htm and purchase Chess Tactics for Students, using the book as Dan Heisman recommends on the website I gave you. Your positional understanding is probably fine for your level.
I don't know why, but most chessplayers far underestimate their positional skill. Positional skill at the GM level takes some creativity, but at my level, it's
I second this. This is probably all you need at your level, though an understanding of knights vs. bishops and outpost could be helpful. Otherwise, focus on your tactical skill. If you really want to enhance your positional understanding, play the closed ruy lopez with both colors once you understand plans for both sides.
You don´t need to play closed games against a positional player, u play only openings very agressive, gambits, crazy attacks to open de positions, and you won´t have any problem .
"crazy attacks"...and you wont have any probem?
I do around an hour of tactics a day. However, I realised that I was extremely tired and dehydrated when playing the game, so I didn't really want to play it, but due to online chess addiction, I kept playing and made some mistakes I wouldn't make if I was playing properly. Thanks for the advise!
Slow loading speed on PC due to fbook etc.
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