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Islamic Idioms and Terms


  • 5 years ago · Quote · #1

    mitto

              Some Muslim idioms
    I know some muslims who have converted  recently to Islam will  ask about muslim idioms , but what idioms and expressions do Muslims use to do things like express frustration, happiness and what not? I can take a guess that "Allahu Akbar" is a popular one for happiness, but please correct me if I'm wrong.

    To give an example, a Christian (or at least those familiar with the faith, or raised in America) might say something like "
    Dear God!", "God have mercy!", "Heaven help me!", or "Sweet Jesus!"

    I'm looking for the Muslim counterparts to saying like that, especially little declarations of frustration (knowing both the English and translated Arabic would be helpful).

    Some Muslim idioms :

    Al hamdu lillah! - Praise be to Allah (a bit like Hallelujah or Praise Jesus!) Commonly used when something good happens)

    Allahu Akbar - Allah is great. Used in a wide variety of contexts (both when good or bad stuff happens)

    Assalamu Aleykum - Peace be onto you. The regular greeting of Muslims)

    Astaghfaru-Allah - May Allah forgive me (lit: I ask forgiveness of Allah) Used when you've done something bad or are about to do something bad.)

    Bissmillah ar Rahmanar Raheem - in the name of Allah the most merciful the compassionate. Frequentlyy used at the beginning of formal speeches / letters and many of the chapters of the Koran a bit like In Jesus' name...)

    Inshaa Allah - If Allah will it ( God willing) Used a lot - when planning something in the future.

    Subhanna Allah - Allah be glorified (a bit like Hallelujah or Hosanna.) Usually said when  something good happens.

    Ya Allah - Arabic for 'Come' or 'Come on!' (or Lets go!). Not Islamic per se, but used a lot in Norther Africa afaik.

    Ya - An Arabic exclamation like 'Oh' in English. Not Islamic per se, but used a lot by Arabic speakers.

    Khoda Hafiz (of Khoda Hafez) - Persian for may Allah protect you (also used in Afghanistan / Pakistan etc.) It's not Arabic, but used a lot. Sometimes used as Allah Hafez (since Khoda is a preislamic word that means 'God')

     

    The following list consists of concepts that are derived from both Islamic and Arab tradition, which are expressed as words in the Arabic language. The main purpose of this list is to disambiguate multiple spellings, to make note of spellings no longer in use for these concepts, to define the concept in one or two lines, to make it easy for one to find and pin down specific concepts, and to provide a guide to unique concepts of Islam all in one place.

    Separating concepts in Islam from concepts specific to Arab culture, or from the language itself, can be difficult. Many Arabic concepts have an Arabic secular meaning as well as an Islamic meaning. One example is the concept of dawah. One of the complexities of the Arabic language is that a single word can have multiple meanings. The word Islam is itself a good example.

    Readers should also note that Arabic is written in its own alphabet, with letters, symbols, and orthographic conventions that do not have exact equivalents in the Latin alphabet (see Arabic alphabet). The following list is a transliteration of Arabic terms and phrases. Consequently, Muslims may transliterate certain Arabic words differently, such as din as opposed to deen, and aqidah as opposed to aqeedah. Most items in the list also contain their actual Arabic spelling.



      Glossary of Islamic terms in Arabic
              From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


                       [A]
    ‘Abd (عبد)  
    servant, worshipper, slave. Muslims consider themselves servants and slaves of God. Common Muslim names such as Abdullah (Servant of God), Abdul-Malik (Slave of the King), Abdur-Rahmān (Slave of the most Beneficent), Abdus-Salām (Slave of Peace), all refer to names of Allah.
    Adab (أدب)  
    Traditionally describes good manners, as in etiquette. For example, being courteous is good adab. However, the term can be used very broadly, and the proper translation would be "the proper way to go about something," as in the example, Aadaab al Qitaal, or, "The Proper Way of Fighting in War," (Qitaal in Arabic means mortal combat) in which the word "etiquette" does not befit the context. Literally meaning literature.
    Ādhān (أذان)  
    call to salat (prayer), sometimes alternatively spelled and pronounced Azaan and Adhan.
    ‘Adl (عدل)  
    Justice especially distributive justice: social, economic, political, environmental.
    A.H.  
    "After Hijrah" The Islamic calendar starts counting years starting from the time when Muhammad had to leave Mecca and go to Medina, an event known as the Hijra: July 16 622.
    Aḥad (أحد)
    literally "one." Islamically, ahad means One Alone, unique, none like God. Al-Wahid is one of the names of God.
    Aḥkām (أحكام)
    rulings and orders of the Qu'ran and Sunnah. Five kinds of orders: Wajib, Mustahab, Muharram, Makruh, and Halal.
    Ahlul-Bayt (أهل البيت )  
    members of Muhammad's Household. Also known among Shia as the Masumin (infallibles; spiritually pure).
    Ahlul-Fetrah ( أهل الفطرة)  
    people who live in ignorance of the teachings of a revealed religion, but according to the "Fitra", the "Natural Religion" innate to human nature as created by God.
    Ahl ul-Kitāb (أهل الكتاب )  
    "People of the Book", or followers of pre-Islamic monotheistic religions with some form of scripture believed to be of divine origin which were mentioned in Quran: Jews, Christians, Sabians, Magians or Zoroastrians. Sometimes said to include also Hanifs. Has at times been extended to include pre-Islamic religious traditions with scriptures which were not mentioned in Quran, e.g.: Buddhists, Hindus, Taoists, Confucians.
    Ākhirah (الآخرة)  
    hereafter or eternal life
    Akhlāq (أخلاق)  
    The practice of virtue. Morals. See khuluq.
    Ikhlas (إخلاص)  
    Genuine in religious beliefs.
    Al-Birr (البر)  
    Piety and righteousness and every act of obedience to Allah.
    ‘Ālamīn (عالمين)  
    Literally "worlds", humankind, jinn, angels and all that exists
    Alayhis Salam (عليه السلام)  
    "Peace be upon him" This expression normally follows after naming a prophet (other than Muhammad), or one of the noble Angels (i.e. Jibreel[Gabriel], Mikaeel[Michael], etc.)
    Al-Ḥamdu lillāh (الحمد لله)  
    "Praise be to God!" Qur'anic exclamation and also same meaning as hallelujah.
    Allāh (الله)
    God (in monotheistic understanding of the word); the only entity worthy of worship
    Allahumma (اللَّهُمَّ)  
    "O God."
    Allāhu Akbar (الله أكبر)  
    "God is the Greatest." Islamic expression.
    ‘Ālim (عالِم) 
    One who knows. A scholar (in any field of knowledge); a scientist (who knows science) or a theologian (who knows religion); similar to Japanese sensei, "teacher". Also meaning "world"
    Amānah (أمانة)
    the trust. Of all creation, only human beings carry the "trust", which is free will.
    Āmīn (آمين)
    Amen, a supplication meaning, "O God, accept our invocation!" (used only in Sunni Islam)
    Amīrul-Mu’minīn (أمير المؤمنين)  
    In some countries like Morocco, a Amīrul-Mu’minīn or Commander of the faithful is the religious chief.
    Aminah (آمنة)  
    Muhammad's mother. Aminah fell sick and died in Abwa, near Madina (then Yathrib) when Muhammad was six years old.
    Al Amr Bi'l Maruf   الأمر بالمعروف 
    Islamic doctrine of enjoining right.
    anfal  أنفال
    Property of the Imam
    Anṣār (أنصار)
    "Helpers." The Muslim converts at Medina who helped the Muslims from Mecca after the Hijrah.
    ‘Aqīdah (عقيدة)  
    The Islamic creed, or the six article of faith, which consists of the belief in God, Angels, Messengers and Prophets, Scriptures, the Day of Judgment, and Destiny.
    Aqiqah (عقيقة)
    Islamic practice of shaving the head of the new born male and contributing the weight in silver for charity as well as 2 lambs. One lamb is slaughtered for a baby girl.
    ‘Aql (عقل)
    Intelligence, intellect, mind, understanding
    Arkan singular rukn (ركن/أركان)  
    The five rukn "pillars" of Islam. (See rukn)
    A.S.  = ('Alayh  is-salaam)  عليه السلام
    This acronym evokes a blessing and is appended to the names of the prophets who came before Muhammad. It will also be applied the mothers of those prophets. When following a woman's name, the feminine form is 'Alayhas-salaam.
    Asl (pl. usool)  
    Root, origin, source; principle.
    Aslim Taslam (أسلِم تسلَم)
    "Submit to Islam" (See dawah) (See: lan astaslem)
    Asmā’ Allah al-Ḥusnā (أسماء الله الحسنى)
    List of God's 99 names. According to a hadith, the one who enumerates them all will enter Paradise.
    ‘Aṣr (العصر)
    The third salat prayer. The time of the day before sunset and after noon. also means "era".
    Aṣ-Ṣirāṭ     الصراط
    The bridge on which judgement of where a person's Akhira (afterlife) will lie is passed.
    al-Asharatu Mubashsharun bil-Jannah or just Asharatu Mubashsharah (Arabic
    العشرة المبشّرون بالجنة or العشرة المبشّرون;
    Translation: ‘Asharatul-mubashshirūn or ‘Asharatul-mubashshirūne bil Jannah): The ten companions of Muhammad who were promised paradise (only in Sunni Islam)
    ‘Āshūrā’ (عاشوراء)  
    Tenth day of the month of Muharram. It is the day God saved Moses and the children of Israel from the Pharaoh. The grandson of the prophet Muhammad, Imam Hussayn sacrificed his life along with 72 of his companions on the sand dunes of Karbala. Sunni Scholars recommended to fast during this day. To the Shias, it is also a day on which they mourn the death of the third Shia Imam, Husayn ibn Ali, along with his family and companions, who were killed in the famous battle in Karbala. They cry and weep and organize lamentating programmes where they not only learn how to live a proper Islamic life and improve their Spiritual Self but also cry at the end of the ritual to show their true love and faith towards imam Hussayn.
    As-Salāmu ‘Alaykum (السلام عليكم)
    The Islamic greeting; literally "Peace be upon you"; In addition, wa-Raḥmatullāhi wa-Barakātuhu means "and the Mercy of God and His blessing". The response to this greeting is wa-‘Alaykum us-Salām wa-Raḥmatullāhi wa-Barakātuhu --"And on you be the Peace and Mercy of God and His Blessing".
    Astaghfirullāh (أستغفر الله)
    "I seek forgiveness from God." Islamic expression.
    A'udhu billah (أعوذ بالله ’A‘ūdhu billāh)
    "I seek refuge in God". This is a paraphrase on the beginnings of the two last suras in the Qur'an.
    Awliyā’ (أولياء)
    Friends, protectors, helpers, caretaker, maintainer. (singular: wali)
    ‘Awrah (عورة)  
    The parts of the body, male or female, must be covered in public but not between spouses, such as, body parts must be concealed of a woman before non-related men.(non-related men means she can marry those men lawfully).
    Āyah (آية), plural āyāt (آيات)  
    A sign. More specifically, a verse in the Qur'an.
    Āyatullāh (
    آية الله, also spelled Ayatollah)
    Sign of God Title given to highly ranked religious scholars in Sh'ia sect.



                     ( B )
    B.B.H.N  
    Blessed be His Name acronym for SAWS see P.B.U.H.
    Baghawat
    insurgency against a legitimate government
    Bai'a  
    (بيعة) : pledge
    Batil
    (باطل) : void
    Baitullah (بيت الله baytullāh)  
    A mosque, literally "house of God".
    Barakah (بركة)  
    a form of blessing. Also, spiritual wisdom and blessing transmitted from master to pupil. The special favor or divine grace which is possessed by the "friends of God," or Sufi masters in particular.
    BarakAllahu Feekum
    may Allah bless you; response to expression of thanks.
    Barzakh (برزخ)
    The one-way barrier between the mortal realm and the spirit world which the deceased soul crosses and waits for qiyamah judgment.
    Basher (بشر)  
    Human(s). Literally means 'face' but generally it refers to a person (man/woman).
    Baṣīrah (بصيرة)  
    Insight, discernment, perceptivity, deep knowledge. Sometimes used by Sufis to denote the ability to directly perceive a transcendental Truth.
    Batin  
    The interior or hidden meaning. A person who devotes himself to studying such hidden meanings is a batini.
    Bid‘ah (بدعة)  
    Innovation in religion, i.e. inventing new methods of worship. Bad Bid'ahs in Islam are considered a deviation and a serious sin by many Muslims.
    Bid'ah sayyi'ah  
    Inquiry prohibited in Islam.
    Bint (بنت)  
    daughter
    Bismi-llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīmi (بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم)  
    "In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful".
    Burda (بردة)  
    not an Arabic term; means "curtain" in Persian. Means covering or to cover.
    Bay‘ah (بيعة)  
    an oath of allegiance to a leader, traditionally the Caliph or Imam.


                    ( C ) 
    Caliph (خليفة khalīfah)  
    literally successor; refers to the successor of the Prophet Muhammad, the ruler of an Islamic theocratic monarchy


                     ( D )

    YOU can find the whole Glossary of Islamic terms in Arabic

    in this link :

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossary_of_Islamic_terms_in_Arabic 

  • 5 years ago · Quote · #2

    BasicDefence

    Thank you so much!

    Jazak Allah Khair :)

  • 5 years ago · Quote · #3

    mitto

    thanks to Allah at first and secondly to your encourage I will do the best for identifying true islam to Non-muslims


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