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Jul 29, 1889: Lajos Asztalos was born in Pecs, Hungary.
Jul 29, 1892: Peter Romanovsky was born in St. Petersburg, Russia.
Jul 29, 1908: Grigory Goldberg was born in Pushkin, Russia.
Jul 29, 1917: Armando Silly was born in Livorno, Italy.
Jul 29, 1957: Victor Gavrikov was born, Lithuania.
Jul 29, 1963: Yge Visser was born, Netherlands.
Jul 29, 1965: Ivan Zaja was born, Croatia.
Jul 29, 1980: Alexei Iljushin was born, Russia.
This man endured much in his lifetime read below:
Peter Arsenievich Romanovsky (29 July 1892, St Petersburg – 1 March 1964, Moscow) was a Russian chess International Master, International Arbiter, and author.
At the beginning of his career in Sankt Petersburg, he shared 4th in 1908 (Sergey von Freymann and Karl Wilhelm Rosenkrantz won), tied for 10-11th in 1909 (Alexander Alekhine won), took 2nd behind Smorodsky in 1913, and shared 1st with von Freymann in 1914 (Hexagonal).
Romanovsky participated in the Mannheim 1914 chess tournament (the 19th DSB Congress), began on 20 July and stopped on 1 August 1914 when World War I broke out. He tied for 2nd-4th in Hauptturnier B. After the declaration of war by German Empire on Russian Empire, eleven "Russian" players (A.A. Alekhine, E.D. Bogoljubov, F.P. Bogatyrchuk, A.D. Flamberg, N. Koppelman, B.E. Maljutin, I.L. Rabinovich, P.A. Romanovsky, P.P. Saburov, A.S. Selezniev, S.O. Weinstein) were interned in Rastatt, Germany. On September 14, 17, and 29, 1914, four of them (Alekhine, Bogatyrchuk, Saburov, and Koppelman) were freed and allowed to return home via Switzerland. As an internee, he played in three tournaments. In 1914, he tied for 4-5th in Baden Baden (Alexander Flamberg won). He took 3rd in the Triberg chess tournament 1914/15, and tied for 5-6th at Triberg 1915 (both won by Efim Bogoljubow). After being released from internment by the Red Cross in Spring 1915, due to his poor health (heart illness), he returned to Petrograd. When Romanovsky arrived back in Russia, he immediately helped raise money to aid the Russian chess players who were still interned in Germany by giving a simultaneous exhibition at the St. Petersburg Politechnical Institute.
After the war, he took 2nd, behind Alekhine, at Moscow 1920 (the 1st USSR Chess Championship). He was the Soviet Champion in 1923 (2nd USSR-ch in Petrograd) and 1927 (with Fedor Bogatyrchuk, 5th USSR-ch in Moscow). He tied for first with Grigory Levenfish, Alexander Ilyin-Genevsky and Ilya Rabinovich in the 1925 Leningrad City Chess Championship. In December 1925, he tied for 7-8th in the Moscow 1925 chess tournament. In 1927, he won in Leningrad. His best international result was in Leningrad 1934, finishing 2nd= with Nikolai Riumin, behind Mikhail Botvinnik. These results clearly indicate a player of Grandmaster strength. In 1935, he was the first Soviet chess player to be awarded Honored Master of Sport.
During the worst period of the Siege of Leningrad in winter of 1941-42, a rescue party reached his home. They found Romanovsky half-conscious from starvation and cold. The rest of his family had frozen to death. All the furniture in the house had been used for firewood. A chess manuscript which had been in preparation by Romanovsky was also lost at this time. He was awarded the International Master title in 1950 and an International Arbiter title in 1951.
In 1954, the Soviets withdrew their application for Romanovsky to receive the Grandmaster title. They based his GM title on his 1st place in the 1927 USSR championship. But because anti-stalinist Fedor Bogatyrchuk (Bohatirchuk) also took 1st place in 1927, and he was no longer recognized in the USSR (having defected), the USSR Chess Federation did not want to give the GM title to Bohatirchuk and so so they withdrew the application for Romanovsky as well.
Before his death, Romanovsky did eventually publish two very important books on chess middlegames, which were translated into English in 1990. These are Chess Middlegames: Combinations, and Chess Middlegames: Strategy, both published by American Chess Promotions.
Lajos Asztalos (Ljudevit Astaloš) (29 July 1889, Pécs – 1 November 1956, Budapest) was aHungarian chess International Master, professor, and languages teacher.
At the beginning of his career, he tied for 6-8th at Budapest 1911 (3rd HUN-ch, Zoltán von Balla and Zsigmond Barász won); tied for 7-8th at Breslau 1912 (18th DSB–Congress, B tourn, Gregory won); took 2nd, behind Gyula Breyer, at Temesvár 1912 (4th HUN-ch); won at Debrecen 1913 (5th HUN-ch); tied for 8-9th at Budapest 1913 (Rudolf Spielmann won), took 5th at Mannheim 1914 (Hauptturnier A); took 4th at Vienna 1917 (Quadrangular, Milan Vidmar won), and took 5th atKaschau 1918 (Richard Réti won).
After World War I, he moved to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later known asYugoslavia). In 1923 he tied for 6-7th in Trieste (Paul Johner won). In 1924 he took 3rd in Györ (7th HUN-ch, Géza Nagy won). In 1925 he took 5th in Budapest (Lovas and Sterk won), and tied for 13-14th in Debrecen (Hans Kmoch won). In 1926 he took 3rd, behind Hermanis Matisons and Savielly Tartakower, in Bardejov (Bártfa, Bartfeld, Bardiów). In 1927 he took 4th in Kecskemét (Alexander Alekhine won).
He represented Yugoslavia in Chess Olympiads:
In 1931, he took 13th in Bled (Alekhine won). In 1934, he took 6th in Maribor (Vasja Pirc and Lajos Steiner won). In 1935, he tied for 8-9th inBelgrade (Vasja Pirc and Borislav Kostić won). In 1938, he tied for 5-7th in Ljubljana (Kostić won).
During World War II, Astaloš played for Croatia in a match against Slovakia on first board with Ivan Vladimir Rohaček (1 : 1) in Zagreb in December 1941. He returned to Hungary in 1942. Asztalos became Vice President of the Hungarian Chess Union and Secretary of the FIDEQualification Committee. He was a professor of philosophy and a languages teacher. He died in Budapest during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 against the Soviet Union.
He was awarded the International Master (IM) title in 1950 and the International Arbiter (IA) title in 1951.
He is an author of A sakkjáték elemei (Budapest 1951) ).
Asztalos Memorial is held regularly in Hungary since 1958.
Viktor Gavrikov (born 29 July 1957) is a Lithuanian-Swiss chess Grandmaster.
Gavrikov shared 1st with Gintautas Piešina in the 1978 Lithuanian Chess Championship at Vilnius. He won the 52nd Soviet Chess Championship(with Mikhail Gurevich and Alexander Chernin) at Riga 1985, and finished 2nd (joint) in the 1986 event (Vitaly Tseshkovsky won).
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, he emigrated to Switzerland. He won at Biel 1994, and won the Swiss Chess Championship at Arosa 1996. He shared 1st with Viktorija Cmilyte in the Lithuanian Championship in 2000.
Gavrikov was awarded the GM title in 1984.
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