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Oct 9, 1787: William Lewis was born in Birmingham, England.
Oct 9, 1927: Jeremy Gaige was born in New York, USA.
Oct 9, 1957: Gyula Neukomm, Hungarian composer, died in Budapest, Hungary.
Oct 9, 1962: Milan Vidmar died in Ljubljana, Yugoslavia.
Oct 9, 1993: Wesley So was born in Manila, Philippines.
Jeremy Gaige (born 1927) is an American chess archivist and journalist. He is known for his work collecting and publishing tournament results and basic biographical data on chess players. Hooper and Whyld call his works "scrupulously written" and "a source of reference for chess journalists and writers all over the world". Gaige's 1969 book, A Catalog of Chess Players and Problemists, contains about 3000 names with dates and places of birth and death. Chess writers began sending him information, and Chess Personalia (1987) is greatly expanded, listing about 14,000 names with dates and places of birth and death along with references to sources of biographical information.
Milan Vidmar (22 June, 1885 – 9 October, 1962) was a Slovene electrical engineer, chess player, chess theorist, philosopher, and writer. He was a specialist in power transformers and transmission of electric current.
He was born in a middle class family in Ljubljana, Austria-Hungary (now in Slovenia). He began to study mechanical engineering in 1902, and he graduated in 1907 at the University of Vienna. He got his doctor's degree in 1911 from the Technical faculty in Vienna. The study of electrical engineering at Technical faculty began not until 1904, so Vidmar had to take special examinations of the field basics. He was a professor at the University of Ljubljana, a member of the Slovene Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the founder of the Faculty of Electrical Engineering. Between 1928 and 1929 he was the 10th Chancellor of the University of Ljubljana. In 1948 he established the Institute of Electrotechnics that now bears his name.
Vidmar was also a top-class chess player, probably one of the top half dozen players in the world from 1911 to 1929, all while remaining an amateur. He was awarded the Grandmaster title in 1950.
His successes include high places at some of the top chess tournaments of his time, e.g. Karlsbad 1907, third at Prague 1908, second at San Sebastián 1911 with Akiba Rubinstein behind José Raúl Capablanca, Budapest 1912, first at Vienna and Berlin in 1918, second at Košice 1928, third at London 1922 behind José Raúl Capablanca and Alexander Alekhine, Hastings 1925, third at Semmering 1926, fourth at New York 1927, fourth at London 1927, fifth at Karlsbad 1929, Bled 1939, Basel 1952). The Slovene Chess Federation organizes an international chess grandmaster tournament named the Milan Vidmar memorial. Vidmar became an arbiter, and was chief referee for the 1948 World Chess Championship in The Hague/Moscow.
Vidmar wrote several books on chess, including Pol stoletja ob šahovnici (Half a century at the chessboard) (Ljubljana 1951), Šah (Chess), Razgovori o šahu z začetnikom (Conversations on chess with a beginner), and, in German, Goldene Schachzeiten (The Golden Times of Chess) and others Transformatorji (Transformers), Problemi prenosa električne energije (Problems of electric energy transmission), Pogovori o elektrotehniki (Talkings about electrotechnics), Med Evropo in Ameriko (Between Europe and America), Moj pogled na svet (My view of the World), Oslovski most (Pons asinorum) (Merkur, Ljubljana 1936).
His younger brother, Josip Vidmar, was an influential Slovenian literary critic and public intellectual; his son, Milan Vidmar Jr. was an international master of chess.
Wesley So (born October 9, 1993) is a Filipino chess grandmaster. A chess prodigy, he achieved the GM title at the age of 14 years, 1 month and 28 days, making him the 7th youngest person to achieve the Grandmaster title in the history of chess. Before becoming a Grandmaster, So had become the youngest Filipino International Master at the age of 12 years and 10 months. He is the recent winner of the prestigious 2009 Corus chess tournament for the Grandmaster C group.
Wesley So's world ranking is 89th and is the strongest Under-16 player in the world. He is currently ranked 7th highest junior (Under-20) in the world. His current FIDE rating is 2641 (see live rating). In January 2005, So raised his rating from 2165 to 2216 the following year. In January 2007, he improved his mark to 2451 before reaching 2526 exactly a year later. Later in October 2008, he was at 2610 and by doing so, he became the youngest player ever in the history of the game to break the 2600 Elo barrier. In January 2009, he achieved a rating of 2627, a Philippines national record, surpassing the Elo 2621 rating of GM Mark Paragua in April 2006.
Wesley So was born in Manila in 1993 to William and Eleanor So, who are both accountants. He was aged 6 when his father taught him to play chess and was 9 when he started to compete in junior active chess tournaments where his aggressive and tactical style of play caught the attention of former Philippine chess champion IM Rodolfo Tan Cardoso. Cardoso said, "The young lad... would sacrifice a queen or any other pieces in his arsenal to get a winning attack." Also according to Cardoso, So did not have the full sponsorships enjoyed by the other chess prodigies, saying "He cannot afford decent training given by well known GM-coaches and has to rely on his pure talent, diligence and, of course, the Fritz programs before competing." Wesley formerly attended the Jesus Good Shepherd School and currently goes to school at St. Francis of Assisi College System in Bacoor, Cavite, a province south of Manila.
In 2006, Wesley So became the youngest member of the national men's team to participate at the 37th Chess Olympiad in Turin, Italy at the age of 12. In December of the same year, he also became the youngest National Open Chess Champion. In May 2007, he went on to become the youngest National Junior Open Chess Champion. Wesley won the gold medal on board one at the 2007 World Under 16 Team Championship with a score of 9½/10.
He achieved his third and final Grandmaster norm on December 8, 2007 at the third Pichay Cup International Open (Manila, Philippines), thus becoming the youngest Filipino Grandmaster at the age of 14. He also became the seventh youngest to achieve the Grandmaster title in the history of chess, edging out French GM Etienne Bacrot from that spot by a few days. So got his first GM norm in the Offene Internationale Bayerische Schach Meisterschaft in Bad Wiessee, Germany and his second GM norm in the 2007 U-20 World Junior Chess Championship in Yerevan, Armenia. Since December 2007, Wesley So has been considered to be the world's youngest Grandmaster at the age of fourteen.
On April 16, 2008, Wesley So, won the title in the $45,000 Dubai Open Chess Championships, "The Sheikh Rashed Bin Hamdan Al Maktoum Cup", at the Dubai Chess Club, Dubai, United Arab Emirates and setting a record as the youngest winner in the 10-year history of the Cup. He finished with 7 points on six wins, one loss and two draws after nine games. He won one-fourth ($4,500) of the combined prize of $18,000. GM So also placed third at the sidelight Blitz Tournament of the Dubai Open Chess Championships held during the rest day of the main open tournament.
The Philippines' top gun then proceeded to Jakarta, Indonesia where he battled Indonesia's Number 1 GM Susanto Megaranto 4-2 (three wins, two draws and one loss) in a six-game match on the occasion of the JAPFA Chess Festival.
On May 5, 2008, So won the top prize of P 200,000, in the “Battle of GMs” chess competition by notching 8½ points, on six wins and five draws, at the Citystate Hotel, Manila. One point ahead of second placer Eugenio Torre and Richard Bitoon, So agreed to split the point with three-time national junior champion Jon Paul Gomez in 30 moves of the French Defence.
On the January 2009 FIDE rating list, GM So's ELO rating is 2627 making him the highest ranked chess player in the Philippines ahead of other notable Filipino Grandmasters such as Mark Paragua, Rogelio Antonio, Jr. and Eugenio Torre (who is second with 2560 ELO rating). He is rated the world's strongest chess player for his age level (players born in 1993 and later) with an ELO rating of 2627 ahead of Chinese GM Hou Yifan (born 1994, ELO 2557) and strong-rising Russian GM Sanan Sjugirov(born 1993, ELO 2545). The latest ratings put Wesley So on the 9th spot of the world top 20 juniors list. He won and is currently the Corus Group C 2009 champion besting his nearest rival by 1 point.
Grabbed the Top Junior Prize during Aeroflot 2009. He scored a respectable 5 pts out of 9. His wins included one against IM Tatiana Kosintseva, who won the tournament's Top Woman Prize.
Clinched his ticket to the prestigious World Cup by placing 2nd during Zone 3.3 Chess Championship which was held on 23-29th July 2009 in Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam.
William Lewis (born 9.10.1787, died 22.10.1870) was a leading chess teacher. His most famous pupil was Alexander McDonnell. He operated The Turk (Automaton) when it was exhibited in London and was an author who also translated works by Gioachino Greco and Stamma. His "Chessboard Companion" was published in 1838, and ran through 9 editions. In 1821 he won a match in Paris, France against Alexandre Louis Honore Lebreton Deschapelles (who gave him odds of pawn and move) with +1 -0 =2.
He's also remembered for the counter-gambit 1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 Bc5 3.c3 d5.
The Chess Career of Harry Nelson Pillsbury
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