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Stockfish Outlasts "Rybkamura"

  • FM MikeKlein
  • on 8/24/14, 7:59 AM.

In yesterday's four-game match between GM Hikaru Nakamura and the computer Stockfish, the world's top chess engine won 3-1.

Nakamura, the world's fifth-best human, managed two draws in the four games but lost twice, both times pressing instead of acquiescing to a draw.

The match in Burlingame, California opened with two games of computer assistance for Nakamura. This led to one spectator dubbing him "Rybkamura," a portmanteau of his surname and the computer helper.

In the latter two games, he received White with pawn odds but no assistance.

Stockfish took both portions 1.5-0.5.

The total time for the match was more than 10 hours -- doubtless the computer's lack of fatigue was a benefit. The two decisive games lasted 147 and 97 moves. Stockfish was also playing on its "home turf." (Burlingame is in Silicon Valley.)

GM Hikaru Nakamura checks with Rybka before moving. All photos courtesy Tyson Mao and Athur Levinson.

According to match conditions, Stockfish was not allowed to access either an opening book or an endgame tablebase. What it did have was brute power -- match co-organizer Jesse Levinson said it was "the latest development build compiled for OS X and running on a 3ghz 8-core Mac Pro."

In comparision, Nakamura had the assistance of an older version of Rybka (about 200 points less than Stockfish's 3200+ rating), and it ran on a 2008 MacBook. Of course, he also had his 20-plus years of chess knowledge in play.

"The inspiration for this match was me opening my mouth too much," said co-organizer Tyson Mao. "I was wondering out loud how my [2008] MacBook could compete against today's chess engines.

"The main question is, 'Do humans add any value to chess engines today?' It's a very polarizing question. That's why we're having the match."

Left to right: Nakamura, Jesse Levinson, Tyson Mao.

In the Chess.com poll about the result, only a small majority thought the computer would win (at the time of this writing). "There really doesn't seem to be a consensus," Mao said.

The match clearly captivated the public. About 50 spectators showed up in person while nearly 3000 viewed the online coverage.


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Nakamura took White in game one and played quickly. Chess.com/TV commentators IM Danny Rensch and GM Ben Finegold, both unashamedly rooting for humanity, favored Nakamura's position after Black was saddled with an isolated queen pawn. For a moment it seemed White's king might be in trouble in the endgame, but everything was under control and Nakamura drew comfortably.

In game two, Nakamura implemented the King's Indian Defense, which is also part of his repertoire against humans. He may have been inspired by GM Daniel Naroditsky's usage of it in the first match of this ilk -- the opening gave Naroditsky his only half-point against the machine.

It looked like Nakamura comfortably shut down all lines of attack, and that he may be inducing the computer to weaken his position to avoid the 50-move rule (a trick Nakamura has used in the past). Instead, Black made the advance ...f5 (on move 115!), but too many holes were left around his king. Nakamura had to resign on move 147 when he realized he could not set up a fortress.

As explained on his Twitter page, Nakamura said the decision to play 115...f5 was based on Rybka's analysis that White was planning Re3 and g4, with nearly a one-pawn advantage.

The match now switched to the pawn odds section. (Black's missing pawn would be chosen at random.) Nakamura also had to turn off his machine. Many pundits predicted that his chances were better in this format.

Switching to the odds section, the organizers rolled an eight-sided die and consequently removed Black's h-pawn for game three. Nakamura settled for a perpetual check after his material advantage disappeared.

Nakamura needed to win game four to tie the match. This time Black's b-pawn was martyred, creating a Hyper-Accelerated Owen's Defense.

Like game two, Nakamura didn't need to open the position, but may have felt compelled since he needed to win for a split.

His score of 1-3 was a half-point better than Naroditsky fared, though 2-2 with four draws also was within his grasp, if not his style.

Nakamura must now travel to St. Louis and prepare for the 2014 Sinquefield Cup, the strongest chess tournament in history. Chess.com/TV will cover all the games live.

If you crave even more of the American number one, he will also be playing in an upcoming Death Match against GM Wesley So, currently scheduled for October 4, 2014.

Before he could leave the Bay Area, he had one last surprise in store for him. A magnitude 6.0 earthquake struck 50 miles north of him this morning in Napa County.




27786 reads 67 comments
18 votes

Comments


  • 3 months ago

    NM BMcC333

    Of course a human CAN beat a computer but the odds are long and the computer will win many more games. IMO, it would take a combination of getting a very good game out of opening theory and then the computer would be caught in some horizon effect. 

  • 4 months ago

    mcris

    @Seamus: Simple answer NO.

  • 4 months ago

    PeterHyatt

    I have a question:

    Could a GM beat Stockfish, in a single game, unassisted?

    Just straight up:  GM v Stockfish, with no computer helping the GM and no handicapping Stockfish...just a single game?

  • 4 months ago

    grploeg

    @Herbie53: I think humans can still outplay computers. Fatigue and timetrouble is often a problem in OTB games against computers. But I dare to say that no unassisted chessprogram will become the worldchampion correspondence chess for years to come. That is a whole other game....

  • 4 months ago

    watasiblah01

    it looked like Naka had an older version of Rybka, but still the performance is a bit disappointing as always.

  • 4 months ago

    drumdaddy

    The computer will no longer open the pod bay doors. The only hope is to dismantle the machine until it begins to sing 'Daisy, Daisy'.

  • 4 months ago

    bigbikefan

    @Skywalker7a: your remark is nothing more than an allegation. Yet, GM Nakamura dared, and the Champ remains to be seen.

  • 4 months ago

    Skywalker7a

    Nakamura is a great player but im sure Carlsen can do it so much better

  • 4 months ago

    Vingore

    Commentators IM Danny Rensch and GM Ben Finegold, did a great job!  Which made this very entertaining!

  • 4 months ago

    GeniusKJ

    I wonder if Carlsen + Rybka could outplay Stockfish in the endgame.

  • 4 months ago

    herbie53

    Humans, Carlsen or otherwise, can't beat computers any longer. What's the real point of this anymore. 

  • 4 months ago

    negotiate

    solid effort Nakamura!  Never stop believing don't take draw for an answer

  • 4 months ago

    Sac4win

    What's the point of organising this event with computer assistance. ..?

  • 4 months ago

    mcris

    Stockfish is simply too strong for any human today. I think that GMs could still play against a lower rated program from CCRL/SSDF lists.

  • 4 months ago

    Gitananda

    It seems clear that Nakamura could have drawn all four games under these conditions but I think it would be interesting to see him and other top players play Stockfish without any handicaps at all. It might not be any fun for the GM's though.

  • 4 months ago

    Superzaldor

    Looks like an awful table to sit by. :(

  • 4 months ago

    deepak64

    excellent post.

  • 4 months ago

    ardiyono

    good game by naka.

  • 4 months ago

    mcris

    @nobbs66: 8 cores too?

  • 4 months ago

    nobbs66

    I put game #2 through stockfish 5 and even it played 115. f5

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