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USSR Chess Championship

AWARDCHESS
Oct 7, 2008, 6:02 AM 0

USSR Chess Championship From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "USSR Championship" redirects here. You might have been looking for the Soviet Top League in association football or another Soviet Championship. This is a list of all the winners of the USSR Chess Championship. It was the strongest national chess championship ever held, with eight world chess champions and four world championship finalists among its winners. The USSR championship was held as a round-robin tournament with the exception of the 35th and 58th championships, which were Swiss system tournaments. No. Date Place Winner Score Notes 1 4 - 24 October 1920 Moscow Alexander Alekhine 12/15 (+9-0=6) Known as the All-Russian Chess Olympiad at the time, this tournament was later recognized as the first USSR championship. 2 8 - 24 July 1923 Petrograd Peter Romanovsky 10/12 (+9-1=2) 3 23 August - 15 September 1924 Moscow Efim Bogoljubov 15/17 (+13-0=4) 4 11 August - 6 September 1925 Leningrad Efim Bogoljubov 14/19 (+11-2=6) 5 26 September - 25 October 1927 Moscow Fedor Bogatyrchuk Peter Romanovsky 14.5/20 (+10-1=9) 14.5/20 (+12-3=5) 6 2 - 20 September 1929 Odessa Boris Verlinsky 5.5/8 (+4-1=3), 4/5 (+4-1=0), and 3.5/4 (+3-0=1) The tournament was conducted in three stages. 7 10 October - 11 November 1931 Moscow Mikhail Botvinnik 13.5/17 (+12-2=3) 8 16 August - 9 September 1933 Leningrad Mikhail Botvinnik 14/19 (+11-2=6) 9 7 December 1934 - 2 January 1935 Leningrad Grigory Levenfish Ilya Rabinovich 12/19 (+8-3=8) 12/19 (+9-4=6) 10 12 April - 14 May 1937 Tbilisi Grigory Levenfish 12.5/19 (+9-3=7) 11 15 April - 16 May 1939 Leningrad Mikhail Botvinnik 12.5/17 (+8-0=9) 12 5 September - 3 October 1940 Moscow Andor Lilienthal Igor Bondarevsky 13.5/19 (+8-0=11) 13.5/19 (+10-2=7) The Absolute Championship (play-off) 23 March - 29 April 1941 Leningrad/Moscow, Mikhail Botvinnik 13.5/20 (+9-2=9) 13 21 May - 17 June 1944 Moscow Mikhail Botvinnik 12.5/16 (+11-2=3) 14 1 June - 3 July 1945 Moscow Mikhail Botvinnik 15/17 (+13-0=4) 15 2 February - 8 March 1947 Leningrad Paul Keres 14/19 (+10-1=8) 16 10 November - 13 December 1948 Moscow David Bronstein Alexander Kotov 12/18 (+7-1=10) 12/18 (+10-4=4) 17 16 October - 20 November 1949 Moscow Vasily Smyslov David Bronstein 13/19 (+9-2=8) 13/19 (+8-1=10) 18 10 November - 12 December 1950 Moscow Paul Keres 11.5/17 (+8-2=7) 19 11 November - 14 December 1951 Moscow Paul Keres 12/17 (+9-2=6) 20 29 November - 29 December 1952 Moscow Mikhail Botvinnik 13.5/19 (+9-1=9) Botvinnik defeated Mark Taimanov in a playoff. 21 7 January - 7 February 1954 Kiev Yuri Averbakh 14.5/19 (+10-0=9) 22 11 February - 15 March 1955 Moscow Efim Geller 12/19 (+10-5=4) Geller defeated Vasily Smyslov in a playoff. 23 10 January - 15 February 1956 Leningrad Mark Taimanov 11.5/17 (+8-2=7) Taimanov defeated Boris Spassky and Yuri Averbakh in a playoff. 24 20 January - 22 February 1957 Moscow Mikhail Tal 14/21 (+9-2=10) 25 12 January - 14 February 1958 Riga Mikhail Tal 12.5/18 (+10-3=5) 26 9 January - 11 February 1959 Tbilisi Tigran Petrosian 13.5/19 (+8-0=11) 27 26 January - 26 February 1960 Leningrad Viktor Korchnoi 14/19 (+12-3=4) 28 11 January - 11 February 1961 Moscow Tigran Petrosian 13.5/19 (+9-1=9) 29 16 November - 12 December 1961 Baku Boris Spassky 14.5/20 (+10-1=9) 30 21 November - 20 December 1962 Yerevan Viktor Korchnoi 14/19 (+10-1=8) 31 23 November - 27 December 1963 Leningrad Leonid Stein 12/19 (+6-1=12) Stein defeated Boris Spassky and Ratmir Kholmov in a playoff. 32 25 December 1964 - 27 January 1965 Kiev Viktor Korchnoi 15/19 (+11-0=8) 33 21 November - 24 December 1965 Tallinn Leonid Stein 14/19 (+10-1=8) 34 28 December 1966 - 2 February 1967 Tbilisi Leonid Stein 13/20 (+8-2=10) 35 7 - 26 December 1967 Kharkov Lev Polugaevsky Mikhail Tal 10/13 10/13 The tournament was a 126-player Swiss. 36 30 December 1968 - 1 February 1969 Alma-Ata Lev Polugaevsky 12.5/19 (+7-1=11) Polugaevsky defeated Alexander Zaitsev in a playoff. 37 6 September - 12 October 1969 Moscow Tigran Petrosian 14/22 (+6-0=16) Petrosian defeated Lev Polugaevsky in a playoff. 38 25 November - 28 December 1970 Riga Viktor Korchnoi 16/21 (+12-1=8) 39 15 September - 17 October 1971 Leningrad Vladimir Savon 15/21 (+9-0=12) 40 16 November - 19 December 1972 Baku Mikhail Tal 15/21 (+9-0=12) 41 1 - 27 October 1973 Moscow Boris Spassky 11.5/17 (+7-1=9) 42 30 November - 23 December 1974 Leningrad Alexander Beliavsky Mikhail Tal 9.5/15 (+6-2=7) 9.5/15 (+6-2=7) 43 28 November - 22 December 1975 Yerevan Tigran Petrosian 10/15 (+6-1=8) 44 26 November - 24 December 1976 Moscow Anatoly Karpov 12/17 (+8-1=8) 45 28 November - 22 December 1977 Leningrad Boris Gulko Iosif Dorfman 9.5/15 (+4-0=11) 9.5/15 (+4-0=11) 46 1 - 28 December 1978 Tbilisi Mikhail Tal Vitaly Tseshkovsky 11/17 (+5-0=12) 11/17 (+6-1=10) 47 29 November - 27 December 1979 Minsk Efim Geller 11.5/17 (+6-0=11) 48 25 December 1980 - 21 January 1981 Vilnius Lev Psakhis Alexander Beliavsky 10.5/17 (+8-4=5) 10.5/17 (+6-2=9) 49 27 November - 22 December 1981 Frunze Garry Kasparov, Lev Psakhis 12.5/17 (+10-2=5) 12.5/17 (+9-1=7) 50 2 - 28 April 1983 Moscow Anatoly Karpov 9.5/15 (+5-1=9) 51 2 - 28 April 1984 Lvov Andrei Sokolov 12.5/17 (+8-0=9) 52 22 January - 19 February 1985 Riga Viktor Gavrikov Mikhail Gurevich Alexander Chernin 11/19 (+4-1=14) 11/19 (+6-3=10) 11/19 (+5-2=12) 53 4 - 28 February 1986 Kiev Vitaly Tseshkovsky 11/17 (+6-1=10) 54 4 - 29 March 1987 Minsk Alexander Beliavsky 11/17 (+7-2=8) Beliavsky defeated Valery Salov in a playoff. 55 25 July - 19 August 1988 Moscow Anatoly Karpov Garry Kasparov 11.5/17 (+6-0=11) 11.5/17 (+6-0=11) 56 22 September - 16 October 1989 Odessa Rafael Vaganian 9/15 (+5-2=8) 57 18 October - 3 November 1990 Leningrad Alexander Beliavsky Leonid Yudasin Evgeny Bareev Alexey Vyzmanavin 8.5/13 (+5-1=7) 8.5/13 (+4-0=9) 8.5/13 (+6-2=5) 8.5/13 (+5-1=7) 58 1 - 13 November 1991 Moscow Artashes Minasian 8.5/11 (+7-1=3) Minasian won this Swiss-style tournament on tiebreak over Elmar Magerramov. Most wins: Six titles: Mikhail Botvinnik, Mikhail Tal Four titles: Tigran Petrosian, Viktor Korchnoi, Alexander Beliavsky Three titles: Paul Keres, Leonid Stein, Lev Polugaevsky, Anatoly Karpov [edit]

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