GM Garry Kasparov

Oct 29, 2010, 12:24 PM |

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Garry Kasparov
Number of games in database: 2,343
Years covered: 1973 to 2010
Current FIDE rating: 2812
Highest rating achieved in database: 2851
Overall record: +922 -161 =859 (69.6%)*
   * Overall winning percentage = (wins+draws/2) / total games
      Based on games in the database; may be incomplete.
      401 exhibition games, odds games, etc. are excluded from this statistic.


With the White pieces:
 Sicilian (192) 
    B30 B40 B31 B50 B33
 Ruy Lopez (102) 
    C92 C84 C97 C67 C80
 Nimzo Indian (87) 
    E32 E34 E21 E20 E46
 Queen's Indian (78) 
    E12 E15 E17 E16
 Queen's Gambit Declined (77) 
    D37 D31 D35 D30 D38
 Slav (62) 
    D19 D10 D15 D11 D17
With the Black pieces:
 Sicilian (344) 
    B90 B84 B82 B83 B22
 King's Indian (165) 
    E92 E97 E76 E60 E75
 Sicilian Najdorf (112) 
    B90 B92 B97 B93 B96
 Grunfeld (95) 
    D85 D97 D78 D87 D76
 Sicilian Scheveningen (70) 
    B84 B82 B83 B80 B81
 English (34) 
    A15 A10 A11 A13

Repertoire Explorer

NOTABLE GAMES: [what is this?]
   Kasparov vs Topalov, 1999 1-0
   Karpov vs Kasparov, 1985 0-1
   Kramnik vs Kasparov, 1994 0-1
   Kasparov vs Kramnik, 1994 1-0
   Kasparov vs Karpov, 1990 1-0
   Karpov vs Kasparov, 1993 0-1
   Adams vs Kasparov, 2005 0-1
   Kasparov vs Portisch, 1983 1-0
   Kasparov vs Anand, 1995 1-0
   Kasparov vs Karpov, 1986 1-0

WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS: [what is this?]
   Karpov-Kasparov World Championship Match (1984)
   Karpov-Kasparov World Championship Match (1985)
   Karpov-Kasparov World Championship Rematch (1986)
   Karpov-Kasparov World Championship Match (1987)
   Karpov-Kasparov World Championship Match (1990)
   Kasparov-Short World Championship Match (1993)
   Kasparov-Anand World Championship Match (1995)
   Kasparov-Kramnik World Championship Match (2000)

GAME COLLECTIONS: [what is this?]
   Kasparov Defeats the Best by Anatoly21
   Garry Kasparov's Best Games by KingG
   Kasparov's super simuls by crawfb5
   Match Kasparov! by amadeus
   Size GAZA by lonchaney
   kasparov best games by brager
   KASPAROV GAMES by gambitfan
   Road to the Championship - Garry Kasparov (I) by Fischer of Men
   Garry Kasparov's Greatest Chess Games (Stohl) by AdrianP
   Essential Kasparov by vonKrolock
   Instructional Remedies Vs. Sicilian by southpawjinx
   Gazza's Greats by AdrianP
   Personal Training by Anatoly21
   Computer - GM games 1963-2002 by biglo

   Kasparov vs Karpov, 1987
   Kasparov vs A Ivanov, 1978

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(born Apr-13-1963) Azerbaijan (citizen of Russia)

[what is this?]
At six years old, young Garri Weinstein taught himself how to play chess from watching his relatives solve chess puzzles in a newspaper. His immense natural talent was soon realized and he was sent off to study chess at the Mikhail Botvinnik Soviet chess school. After his father's untimely death, the twelve year old chess prodigy soon adopted the Russian-sounding name Garry Kasparov (Kas-PARE-off) a reference to his mother's Armenian maiden name, Kasparian.

Kasparov won the Soviet Junior Championship, held in Tbilisi in 1976. The next several years were spent marking his rise as a world-class talent. He became World Junior Champion in 1980, the same year he earned the grandmaster title. He won the Moscow Interzonal in 1982 to qualify for the Candidates Matches, where he scored victories against Alexander Beliavsky, Viktor Korchnoi and Vasily Smyslov to emerge as the official challenger to World Champion Anatoli Karpov. While their first match, in 1984, was ordered stopped by FIDE (Karpov was leading 5-3), Garry Kasparov eventually emerged victorious in the 1985 rematch, becoming the youngest world champion ever at the age of 22.

Kasparov has successfully defended his FIDE title against several attempts by Karpov in the late 80's, Nigel Short (under the auspices of the PCA) in 1993, and Viswanathan Anand in 1995. In 1997, the world champion faced defeat against Deep Blue (Computer) in a promotional match sponsored by IBM. Three years later, in 2000, Kasparov finally lost his long-held title to his former student, Vladimir Kramnik. In 2004, Garry Kasparov became the Russian Champion with a stunning +5 score in the Moscow Superfinal.

On March 10, 2005, immediately after winning his ninth Linares tournament, Garry Kasparov announced his retirement from professional chess, after thirty years of play and twenty years at the top of the ratings list. He is currently devoted to Russian politics.