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# You can beat Carlsen. Statistically.

May 5, 2014, 12:26 PM 3

The well-followed Shamkir chess tournament is over and it’s no surprise to see Carlsen walking out as the winner. However, he failed to collect the necessary points to break the ELO 2900 barrier and on the FIDE ratings list of May he gained just one extra point.

 Looking at the Shamkir tournament results, I was surprised to see Radjabov’s achievement: Although the lowest rated player in the A-class, he performed best against Carlsen who is rated nearly 170 points higher than him. Yet Radjabov came out at fourth place. This strong play of Radjabov made me wonder what the likelihoods are to win against a 2882 player and so I played around with the calculation of ELO rating numbers.

Unfortunately, the possibility of a draw in chess makes a statement of what your winning chances against your opponent are hard, if not impossible. Radjabov’s likelihood of winning a game against Carlsen were mathematically 28%. Or you could say he had a 0% chance of winning, 56% of drawing and 44% of losing. Or anything in between… A draw counts as half a win and half a loss in the system and that makes it tricky to give likelihoods for wins (if that’s possible at all). I leave those details to the more skilled mathematicians.

Many chess enthusiasts are eagerly looking forward for the re-match Carlsen vs. Anand. So what are Anand’s chances then to win (a single game) against Carlsen? With their current ratings (May 2014), the calculation predicts a 36% chance. Statistically that is and neglecting the possibility of a draw.

Since we are dealing with a mathematical model here and not the real world, we can of course ask what are YOUR chances to beat Carlsen in a game of chess? Again, we ignore draws here but you can easily extend this by remembering that a draw counts as half a win and half a loss. The following tables gives your chances of winning against a 2882 player (choose the closest match for your rating):

 Your rating <1250 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 1550 1600 Winning Chance <0.01% 0.011% 0.015% 0.02% 0.03% 0.04% 0.05% 0.06%

 Your rating 1650 1700 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 Winning Chance 0.08% 0.11% 0.15% 0.20% 0.26% 0.35% 0.5% 0.6%

 Your rating 2050 2100 2150 2200 2250 2300 2350 2400 Winning Chance 0.8% 1.1% 1.5% 1.9% 2.6% 3.4% 4.5% 5.9%

 Your rating 2450 2500 2550 2600 2650 2700 2750 2800 Winning Chance 7.7% 10% 13% 16% 21% 26% 32% 38%

Because a picture tells more than a thousand numbers, I also plotted the results graphically. The coloured dots mark three selected players, and in brackets are their current ranks as per May 2014 FIDE list. The plot stops at Carlsen’s own rating of 2882 who has a 50/50 chance of winning against himself – should he ever step up to the challenge or being bored of everyone else…

Next time you experience a series of defeats, don’t be disheartened: Mathematics tell you that you will eventually win against anyone, even an elite-player like Carlsen. Statistically. Perhaps one game in 20 years if you play a game a day… At least that’s the path to victory and a high self-esteem if you are a statistician (no offence intended, I respect this profession). The better advice for the real world is the old and well-known formula: training, study and practice. Lots of it. And statistically speaking, training gives you the highest likelihood of winning too. Enough number crunching for now, so let's go back to chess ;-)

Happy Chess,

Guenther

Lion Chess

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