'10 big brain benefits of playing chess'

Not for nothing is chess known as "the game of kings." No doubt the rulers of empires and kingdoms saw in the game fitting practice for the strategizing and forecasting they themselves were required to do when dealing with other monarchs and challengers. As we learn more about the brain, some are beginning to push for chess to be reintroduced as a tool in the public's education. With benefits like these, they have a strong case.

1. It can raise your IQ
Chess has always had an image problem, being seen as a game for brainiacs and people with already high IQs. So there has been a bit of a chicken-and-egg situation: do smart people gravitate towards chess, or does playing chess make them smart? At least one study has shown that moving those knights and rooks around can in fact raise a person's intelligence quotient. A study of 4,000 Venezuelan students produced significant rises in the IQ scores of both boys and girls after 4 months of chess instruction.

2. It helps prevent Alzheimer's
Because the brain works like a muscle, it needs exercise like any bicep or quad to be healthy and ward off injury. A recent study featured in The New England Journal of Medicine found that people over 75 who engage in brain-stretching activities like chess are less likely to develop dementia than their non-board-game-playing peers. Just like an un-exercised muscle loses strength, Dr. Robert Freidland, the study's author, found that unused brain tissue leads to a loss of brain power. So that's all the more reason to play chess before you turn 75.

3. It exercises both sides of the brain
In a German study, researchers showed chess experts and novices simple geometric shapes and chess positions and measured the subjects' reactions in identifying them. They expected to find the experts' left brains being much more active, but they did not expect the right hemisphere of the brain to do so as well. Their reaction times to the simple shapes were the same, but the experts were using both sides of their brains to more quickly respond to the chess position questions.

4. It increases your creativity
Since the right hemisphere of the brain is responsible for creativity, it should come as no surprise that activating the right side of your brain helps develop your creative side. Specifically, chess greatly increases originality. One four-year study had students from grades 7 to 9 play chess, use computers, or do other activities once a week for 32 weeks to see which activity fostered the most growth in creative thinking. The chess group scored higher in all measures of creativity, with originality being their biggest area of gain.

5. It improves your memory
Chess players know — as an anecdote — that playing chess improves your memory. Being a good player means remembering how your opponent has operated in the past and recalling moves that have helped you win before. But there's hard evidence also. In a two-year study in 1985, young students who were given regular opportunities to play chess improved their grades in all subjects, and their teachers noticed better memory and better organizational skills in the kids. A similar study of Pennsylvania sixth-graders found similar results. Students who had never before played chess improved their memories and verbal skills after playing.

6. It increases problem-solving skills
A chess match is like one big puzzle that needs solving, and solving on the fly, because your opponent is constantly changing the parameters. Nearly 450 fifth-grade students were split into three groups in a 1992 study in New Brunswick. Group A was the control group and went through the traditional math curriculum. Group B supplemented the math with chess instruction after first grade, and Group C began the chess in first grade. On a standardized test, Group C's grades went up to 81.2% from 62% and outpaced Group A by 21.46%.

7. It improves reading skills
In an oft-cited 1991 study, Dr. Stuart Margulies studied the reading performance of 53 elementary school students who participated in a chess program and evaluated them compared to non-chess-playing students in the district and around the country. He found definitive results that playing chess caused increased performance in reading. In a district where the average students tested below the national average, kids from the district who played the game tested above it.

8. It improves concentration
Chess masters might come off like scattered nutty professors, but the truth is their antics during games are usually the result of intense concentration that the game demands and improves in its players. Looking away or thinking about something else for even a moment can result in the loss of a match, as an opponent is not required to tell you how he moved if you didn't pay attention. Numerous studies of students in the U.S., Russia, China, and elsewhere have proven time and again that young people's ability to focus is sharpened with chess.

9. It grows dendrites
Dendrites are the tree-like branches that conduct signals from other neural cells into the neurons they are attached to. Think of them like antennas picking up signals from other brain cells. The more antennas you have and the bigger they are, the more signals you'll pick up. Learning a new skill like chess-playing causes dendrites to grow. But that growth doesn't stop once you've learned the game; interaction with people in challenging activities also fuels dendrite growth, and chess is a perfect example.

10. It teaches planning and foresight
Having teenagers play chess might just save their lives. It goes like this: one of the last parts of the brain to develop is the prefrontal cortex, the area of the brain responsible for planning, judgment, and self-control. So adolescents are scientifically immature until this part develops. Strategy games like chess can promote prefrontal cortex development and help them make better decisions in all areas of life, perhaps keeping them from making a stupid, risky choice of the kind associated with being a teenager.


  • 3 months ago


    Playing in clubs among those of similar strength better develops comraderie than playing against someone on the computer that you never met. But the game is still fascinating and beautiful.

    One thing to watch out for and to keep in balance is that playing chess can be addicting. It can consume too much of your time causing you to neglect other important priorities. As the documentary movie "Pawn Sacrifice" showed, former American world champion Bobby Fisher was unbalanced in his pursuit of chess. Having said that, I think chess is a fascinating and helpful game and I am a chess enthusiast.

  • 3 months ago


    "mindless bullet sessions"

    How is playing bullet chess mindless? It may not improve your chess skill and you may not be able to perform at your best given the time limitations, but it also requires a ton of brain power to calculate at the speed required. 

  • 3 months ago


    i love chess myself but lets be honest

    -none of those studies is to be trusted (like most studies anyway,one contradicting another)

    -WHAT DOESNT exercise brain ? life is one big problem solving, and deffinately much more complex and non-trivial then silly board game (yeah silly, face it)

    -actually making progres in the game mayhelp one' brain. but deffinately not wasting time in mindless bullet sessions over night

    still , chess would do kids better then most subjects in school. it would also do better to old people, over reading stupid meaningless news and watching retarded television
    but lets not pretend its more then it is.

  • 3 months ago


    This article has increased my love for the game. I will now promote chess and play more often.

  • 3 months ago


    Awesome! I would vote for mandatory thirty minute chess practise in all public schools.

  • 4 months ago


    great article! true facts

  • 4 months ago


    good artical

  • 5 months ago


    I think it's definitely helped my concentration so I'm sure it helps the brain.

    The only problem is if I play chess at night, I see chess boards in my mind when trying to sleep!

  • 6 months ago


  • 6 months ago


    I think these are mainly myths. Probably a third of them can be summed up into one and those are alleged memory improvement, dendrites, and concentration. They're all a part of the same. Some of these are probably a correlation as well. Finally, and I think most importantly, someone can just as easily find credible negatives from playing chess regularly on academic competitive level.

    There do not have to be any benefits from playing chess if we simply enjoy playing the game. Would you actually say you are playing the game to improve your memory and grow dendrites and not because it is fun and interesting? If it is fun, play it. If it isn't, there are many educational activities which can provide the same benefit.

  • 7 months ago


    Attempting to find article mentioned to be by Robert freidland in NEJM. A Robert Friedland MD is a neurologist researching Alzheimer's disease but NEJM lists not this reference. Reference please

  • 11 months ago


    Here is a summary article that is well footnoted. 



  • 13 months ago


  • 15 months ago


    Nice Article everyone should play chess with all these benefits Smile

  • 16 months ago


    I like the article and it's contents. I will be showing it to the school chess club I am starting up in the near future.

  • 18 months ago


    I want to believe in all of the above since I love chess and play all the time however please post the best references for example to those of archival journals to back up the claims above.

    More peer reviewed studies should be encouraged such as with MRI scans or even with longitudnal clinical studies to further investigate the link between this magnificient game and its cognitive benefits.

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