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# The Endgame Study Competition of 1862 London Chess Congress

Jan 26, 2018, 6:42 AM 2

During the International Exhibition of 1862 the second Chess Congress was held in London. It was an  Anderssen's triumph. Within this Congress a chess problem and an endgame studies composing competition took place. The terms for the endgame study competition were simple: "The number of moves required to obtain a draw, or a winning position not limited; but those positions will be preferred which appear to be most capable of arising from an ordinary game."

The 1st prize was £ 10 (equal to £ 1143 of 2017, not bad) that the committee of adjudication (H. Waite, Esq., H. T. Young, Esq., J. Lowenthal, Esq., Herr Kling, Silas Angas, Esq., Referee) has awarded to Herr Horwitz Bernhard.

Bernhard Horwitz

Here are these chess studies as were appeared in The Chess Congress of 1862, edited by J. Lowental, 1864 (p. 381-382, 438-442). I hope that are given in a good and enjoyable way... In the end there's a download link, given via dropbox, of the pgn file containing the positions below

By Herr Horwitz, motto: "Quid Faciemus Nos?"

1st White to move, and win. I give it in a 7 move line puzzle, some basic explanation in the pgn

2nd White to move, and winHere's a position where 2 Ns can force a mate, because of the existence of other black's pieces (that can be used as an escape block or to avoid stalemate). I give it in a 12 move mate line (always white's best move but not black's) but generally if one is not familiar with this kind of endgame, should study it on an analysis board. Some basic ideas of the winning lines are given in the pgn.

3rd White to move, and winOne simple mate in 9

4th White to move, and winA sure white's win. I give it in 7 move mate line puzzle.

5th White to move, and winA 7 move winning line

6th White to move, and winA 5 move winning line

By James Mucklow, motto: "Dieu et mon droit"
1st White to play, and mate in five moves.

2nd White to play, and mate. A mate in 6

3rd White to play, and mate. A mate in 4

Theodore Herlin

By M. Theodore Herlin, motto:"Fugit irreparabile tempus"
1st White to play, and win. A 7 move winning line

2nd White to play, and draw. A 3 move puzzle that leads in a drawish position

3rd White to play, and win. A 4 move winning line

By W. J. Pavett, Esq., motto: "Nil invita Minerva"
1st White to play, and win. A 7 move winning line

2nd White to play, and win. A 3 move puzzle

4th White to play, and win. Another position that I think must be examined on an analysis board. Here I give you a 13 move winning line as a puzzle, maybe best choices for each side (some other lines are included in the pgn). How can white take black's N and P without losing a piece?

Horwitz and Rev. George M'Arthur

By the Rev. George M'Arthur, motto: "Qui stadium currit, niti et contendere debet, ut vincat"
1st White, with the move, can at least draw. A 4 move puzzle where in the end draw is obvious

2nd White to play, and win. A 3 move winning line

4th White, with the move, can at least draw. A 5 move drawish puzzle

By William Mitcheson, Esq., motto: "Wir machen wir 's, dass alles frisch und neu, Und mit Bedeutung auch gefaellig sey?"
1st White to play, and win. A 10 move forced mate

2nd White to play, and draw. A 5 move drawish line

3rd White to play, and win. A 9 move forced mating line

Josef Kling

By Herr Kling. Dedicated to Henry Waite
White to play, and win. A 6 move winning line. Always white's best move but not for black. Maybe this position should be examined on an analysis board too. Some lines are given in the pgn.

download pgn of the positions

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