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The Endgame Study Competition of 1862 London Chess Congress

The Endgame Study Competition of 1862 London Chess Congress

introuble2
Jan 26, 2018, 6:42 AM 2

During the International Exhibition of 1862 the second Chess Congress was held in London. It was an  Anderssen's triumph. Within this Congress a chess problem and an endgame studies composing competition took place. The terms for the endgame study competition were simple: "The number of moves required to obtain a draw, or a winning position not limited; but those positions will be preferred which appear to be most capable of arising from an ordinary game."

The 1st prize was £ 10 (equal to £ 1143 of 2017, not badhappy.png) that the committee of adjudication (H. Waite, Esq., H. T. Young, Esq., J. Lowenthal, Esq., Herr Kling, Silas Angas, Esq., Referee) has awarded to Herr Horwitz Bernhard.

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Bernhard Horwitz

 

Here are these chess studies as were appeared in The Chess Congress of 1862, edited by J. Lowental, 1864 (p. 381-382, 438-442). I hope that are given in a good and enjoyable way... In the end there's a download link, given via dropbox, of the pgn file containing the positions below

 

By Herr Horwitz, motto: "Quid Faciemus Nos?"

1st White to move, and win. I give it in a 7 move line puzzle, some basic explanation in the pgn

 
2nd White to move, and winHere's a position where 2 Ns can force a mate, because of the existence of other black's pieces (that can be used as an escape block or to avoid stalemate). I give it in a 12 move mate line (always white's best move but not black's) but generally if one is not familiar with this kind of endgame, should study it on an analysis board. Some basic ideas of the winning lines are given in the pgn.
 
3rd White to move, and winOne simple mate in 9
 
4th White to move, and winA sure white's win. I give it in 7 move mate line puzzle.
 
5th White to move, and winA 7 move winning line
 
6th White to move, and winA 5 move winning line

 
By James Mucklow, motto: "Dieu et mon droit"
1st White to play, and mate in five moves.
 
2nd White to play, and mate. A mate in 6
 
3rd White to play, and mate. A mate in 4
 
 
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Theodore Herlin
 
 
By M. Theodore Herlin, motto:"Fugit irreparabile tempus"
1st White to play, and win. A 7 move winning line
 
2nd White to play, and draw. A 3 move puzzle that leads in a drawish position
 
3rd White to play, and win. A 4 move winning line

 
By W. J. Pavett, Esq., motto: "Nil invita Minerva"
1st White to play, and win. A 7 move winning line
 
2nd White to play, and win. A 3 move puzzle
 
4th White to play, and win. Another position that I think must be examined on an analysis board. Here I give you a 13 move winning line as a puzzle, maybe best choices for each side (some other lines are included in the pgn). How can white take black's N and P without losing a piece?
 
 
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Horwitz and Rev. George M'Arthur
 
 
By the Rev. George M'Arthur, motto: "Qui stadium currit, niti et contendere debet, ut vincat"
1st White, with the move, can at least draw. A 4 move puzzle where in the end draw is obvious
 
2nd White to play, and win. A 3 move winning line
  
4th White, with the move, can at least draw. A 5 move drawish puzzle
 
By William Mitcheson, Esq., motto: "Wir machen wir 's, dass alles frisch und neu, Und mit Bedeutung auch gefaellig sey?" 
1st White to play, and win. A 10 move forced mate
 
2nd White to play, and draw. A 5 move drawish line
 
3rd White to play, and win. A 9 move forced mating line
 
 
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Josef Kling
 
By Herr Kling. Dedicated to Henry Waite
White to play, and win. A 6 move winning line. Always white's best move but not for black. Maybe this position should be examined on an analysis board too. Some lines are given in the pgn.

 

download pgn of the positions

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