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Remembering Gosta Stoltz

Remembering Gosta Stoltz

kaguvkov
May 9, 2008, 6:27 AM 2
Gosta Stoltz was born on the 9th of May 1904 in Stockholm, Sweden. Awarded the IM title in 1950 and the GM title in 1954 he was Swedish Champion in 1927, 1928, 1951, 1952 and 1953 and also joint Nordic Champion in 1947. He played for Sweden in nine Olympiads from 1927 to 1954. His best international results were 4th= at Bled 1931, 1st at Munich 1941 ahead of Alexander Alekhine and Efim Bogoljubov and 2nd at Prague 1946. In the 1930's he was the equal of Aron Nimzowitsch, Rudolf Spielmann, Isaac Kashdan and Salomon Flohr in short matches. He was an automobile mechanic, but eventually became a full time chess professional.

Stoltz played a few matches with strong chess masters. In 1926, he lost to Mikhail Botvinnik (+0 –1 =1) at a team match Stockholm – Leningrad in Stockholm. In 1927, he drew with Allan Nilsson (+2 –2 =1) in Göteborg (Swedish Chess Championship). In 1930, he won against Isaac Kashdan (+3 –2 =1) in Stockholm. In 1930, he lost to Rudolf Spielmann (+2–3=1) in Stockholm. In 1931, he won against Salo Flohr (+4 –3 =1) in Göteborg. In 1931, he lost to Flohr (+1 –4 =3) in Prague. In 1931, he drew with Gideon Ståhlberg (+2 –2 =2) in Göteborg. In 1934, he lost to Aron Nimzowitsch (+1 –2 =3) in Stockholm. In September 1935, he played at a match Sweden vs Germany (Scheveningen system), and took 2nd individual result, behind Ståhlberg, in Zoppot (Sopot).

Stoltz played for Sweden in nine Chess Olympiads (1927–1937, 1952,1954) and in 3rd unofficial Chess Olympiad at Munich 1936:

    * at fourth board (+5 -5 =5) in the 1st Olympiad at London 1927;
    * at first board (+6 -5 =5) in the 2nd Olympiad at The Hague 1928;
    * at third board (+7 -4 =6) in the 3rd Olympiad at Hamburg 1930;
    * won individual gold medal at second board (+10 -1 =7) in the 4th Olympiad at Prague 1931;
    * won team bronze medal playing at second board (+5 -3 =6) at the 5th Olympiad at Folkestone 1933.
    * won team silver medal and individual bronze medal playing at second board (+8 -3 =8) in the 6th Olympiad at Warsaw 1935;
    * at third board (+8 -4 =7) at Munich 1936;
    * at third board (+2 -7 =3) in the 7th Olympiad at Stockholm 1937;
    * at second board (+3 -3 =4) at the 10th Olympiad at Helsinki 1952;
    * at third board (+0 -0 =2) at the 11th Olympiad at Amsterdam 1954.[1]

At the beginning of his international career, Stoltz tied for 11-13th in Berlin (BSG) in 1928. The event was won by Efim Bogoljubow. In 1930, he tied for 2nd-3rd with Bogoljubow, behind Kashdan, in Stockholm. In 1931, he tied for 4-7th in Bled (Alexander Alekhine won). In 1931/32, he tied for 5-8th in Hastings (Flohr won). In 1932, he won in Swinemünde. In 1933, he took 2nd, behind Nimzowitsch, in Copenhagen. In 1934, he took 3rd in Stockholm (Erik Lundin won). In 1935, he tied for 1st with Lindberg in Harnosand. In 1935, he took 4th in Örebro (Alekhine won). In 1935, he tied for 5-6th in Bad Nauheim (Bogoljubow won). In 1936, he tied for 2nd-3rd with Böök, behind Vladimirs Petrovs in Helsinki (Helsingfors). In 1936, he took 3rd in Helsinki (Lundin won). In 1937, he tied for 3rd-4th in Stockholm (Reuben Fine won). In 1938, he won in Stockholm (SWE-ch). In 1939, he took 5th in Stockholm (SWE-ch, Stahlberg won).[2]

During World War II, Stoltz played in Sweden and Germany. In 1940, he tied for 4-5th in the Stockholm championship, won by Nils Bergqvist). In September 1941, he won, ahead of Lundin and Alekhine, in Munich (2nd Europa-Turnier). In June 1942, he took 6th in Salzburg (Alekhine won). In September 1942, he tied for 9-10th in Munich (München – Europameisterschaft, 1st European Championship). The event was won by Alexander Alekhine.[3] In 1943, he tied for 1st with Lundholm in Stockholm. In 1943/44, he took 4 th in Stockholm (Folke Ekström won). In 1944, he took 3rd, behind Stig Lundholm, and Paul Keres, in Lidköping, (SWE-ch).

After the war, Stoltz played in a few international tournaments. In 1946, he took 2nd, behind Albéric O'Kelly de Galway in Beverwijk. In 1946, he took 4th in Zaandam (László Szabó won). In 1946, he tied for 8-9th in Groningen (Botvinnik won). In 1946, he tied for 2nd-3rd in Prague (Miguel Najdorf won). In 1947, he tied for 1st with Eero Böök in Helsinki (zonal), and drew a play-off match (+1 –1 =6). In 1948, he took 18th in Saltsjöbaden (interzonal). The event was won by David Bronstein. In 1948, he won in Stockholm. In 1948, he tied for 4-5th in Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad) – Mariánské LáznÄ� (Marienbad). The event was won by Jan Foltys. In 1950, he tied for 9-13th in Bled (Najdorf won). In 1951, he tied for 8-9th in Dortmund (O’Kelly won). In 1951, he tied for 3rd-4th in Mariánské LáznÄ� – Prague (zonal won by LudÄ�k Pachman. In 1952, he took 16th in Stockholm (interzonal won by Alexander Kotov). In 1962, he took 12th in Belgrade (Herman Pilnik won).

Stoltz won the Swedish championships at Halmstad 1951, Hålland 1952, and Örebro 1953. He was awarded the IM title in 1950, and the GM title in 1954.

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