Bobby Fischer (Eleventh World Chess Champion) Bio
Eleventh World Chess Champion
Bobby Fischer was the eleventh World Chess Champion. He was born March 9th 1943 in Chicago, Illinois and died January 17, 2008. Fischer was an American chess prodigy and grandmaster. He held the title from 1972 to 1975. Bobby Fischer is known as one of the greatest modern chess players.
For most of his career, Fischer was predictable in his use of openings and variations of those openings. Despite this seeming disadvantage, it was very difficult for opponents to exploit this limitation, because his knowledge of the openings and variations that he used was extensive.Bobby Fischer was renowned for his opening preparation and made numerous contributions to chess opening theory. He established the viability of the so-called Poisoned Pawn Variation of the Najdorf Sicilian (1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Bg5 e6 7.f4 Qb6). This bold queen sortie, to snatch a pawn at the expense of development, had been considered dubious, but Fischer succeeded in proving its soundness.He also had excellent endgame technique. International Master Jeremy Silman listed him as one of the five best endgame players (along with Emanuel Lasker, Akiba Rubinstein, José Capablanca, and Vasily Smyslov), calling Fischer a "master of bishop endings".
In 1988, Bobby Fischer filed for U.S. Patent 4,884,255 for a new type of chess clock, which gave each player a fixed period at the start of the game and then added a small increment after each completed move. Used in the 1992 rematch between him and Spassky, the "Fischer clock" soon became standard in most major chess tournaments.
Fischer versus Spassky
1. e4e5 2. f4ef4 3. Nf3g5 4. h4g4 5. Ne5Nf6 6. d4d6 7. Nd3Ne4 8. Bf4Bg7 9. Nc3?!Nc3 10. bc3c5 11. Be2cd4 12. O-ONc6 13. Bg4O-O 14. Bc8Rc8 15. Qg4f5 16. Qg3dc3 17. Rae1Kh8 18. Kh1Rg8 19. Bd6Bf8 20. Be5Ne5 21. Qe5Rg7 22. Rf5Qh4 23. Kg1Qg4 24. Rf2Be7 25. Re4Qg5 26. Qd4Rf8 27. Re5Rd8 28. Qe4Qh4 29. Rf4