Lasker's Manual Book One
Today - Daily Chess Score 933, Live-Standard 1017
So looking through chess books for inspiration I have had trouble finding a book that didn't look like a huge list of lines. Those books are great too I am sure but I am the kind of person who has to set the board up to get anything out of a list of moves. One classic work which doesn't require too much of this is Emanuel Lasker's Manual of Chess. It is an old book and originally in German but I love the way it is written and it looks to contain some general approaches to the game which I am sorely in need of. So far, I just got through book one "Elements of Chess". I thought I might outline the basics of what was discussed (after the rules and moves section) for my own benefit and maybe anyone who reads this..
On the advantage of a plus in pieces-
This is basically material advantage with an eye to end game results with 4 propositions. 1 - A king/rook wins against a king. 2 - king/bishop or knight draws a king. 3- king/two minors other than knight/knight wins a king. a good note here is that with a bishop you have to push the king to a corner he can get in! 4- king/pawn often wins. Basically if you can advance the pawn productively and avoid a stalemate (see Chess.com's lessons on this King on 6th, Pawn on 5th remember?)
On the advantage of the attack against an unprotected king-
If the king doesn't have help he always has to move when in check so get him to support!
On the advantage brought about by a simultaneous attack upon several objects-
This is all about pins and forks
On the use of Superior Power at Decisive Points
Is a spot important. How many pieces are covering it for both sides? The higher number has superiority over the square. Build superiority before moving into a spot.
On the exchange value of the pieces-
You should know this...