5 Basic Opening Tips

5 Basic Opening Tips

Dec 1, 2017, 10:53 PM |

    I want to share how to play chess opening with beginners. There are many kinds of openings, it's really hard for us to study about them. The following five tips would help for improving your skill without knowing the Opening.


1. Control the center

    As you can see this image, White’s double pawns are attacking four central squares. Moreover, they opened lines of the queen and bishops. This is just an example case, in fact, it’s too hard to take an ideal position, but we have to move them efficiently. This is the reason why most people push central pawns at first. At the beginning, keep control the center, and develop other pieces without making a hanging one.

    Next, let's take a look at the moving of knight. The knight on the side can move to only four squares. However, the central knight can move to eight squares. Definitely, dominating the central area with your pieces means that your opponent's powerful pieces can’t come there. Therefore, it’s very important to control the center.


2. Develop minor pieces

Minor piece: a bishop or knight

    There are two kinds of bishops: a dark and light one. Each has different diagonal lines, The dark bishop can move to black squares only. This is the difference between knight and bishop, and also they have long attacking lines, so it’s really important to choose which line you make a bishop work.


    When your piece is interrupting the line (d2-f4) that your bishop can be active (left figure), or your opponent's pieces are controling the squares (f4 and g5) that your bishop can go (right figure), you can change the line to better one. Like this image, push your pawn b2-b3 and put your bishop on the opened square (Bc2). 

     Over moving pawns, moving the same piece many times is the reason for delaying to develop other pieces. Moreover, it’s not so good to put a piece on the square that a knight can move, and also on the line of a bishop. 


3. Protect the king

    It’s the most important to protect your king, because if you get checkmate, you would be defeated. Castling is the common way to save him. It’s very dangerous to keep the king in the center, so you have to finish castling as early as possible. 


    There is the another reason why “2. Develop minor pieces“ is required; You can never do castling, because your minor pieces haven’t been developed yet. 


    It might be a mistake to push a pawn near the king without saving him, or not to protect that pawn. This will not be the direct cause of your loss, but when you get checked, you will lose a piece while blocking it or escaping from it. It’s s particularly important to guard the f2 (or f7 for black) and also the pawn, because that area is protected only by the king. The following games are famous as quick mate.

    Next, I will explain the kinds of castling and each characteristics. First, castling has two options: Kingside and queenside castling. In general, Castling on the king side is defensive type, queen-side is offensive one. In the case of white, the king on g1 is protecting the three pawns, the other side king on c1 has the threat from up right diagonal, but the rook on d1 is on the opened d-line. By the way, the pawn on a2 has no any guards. Of cause these situations are just examples, it depends on the case in the game which one you should choose. Let’s say, if the opponent pushed his pawns in the kingside, you should do it to the other side; also if you pushed pawns in the kingside. 

4. Don’t move pieces more than once

    Already you know, that’s why other pieces delay to develop. For example, when you pinned the knight to the king with the bishop, the opponent attacked it with a pawn, then you get back it to the same position. 


5. Don’t move the queen out early

    Finally, the queen is the most powerful piece in the game of chess. If you move it forward in the early time, opponent would try to attack it. Certainly, you don't want to lose your queen, so you have no choice but to escape it. Although that helps to develop opponent's pices. That's why it’s not a good plan the queen to go forward alone. Also, you don’t have a time to move other your pieces.


Thank you for reading to the end. Good luck with your games.