Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • Fedorowicz, John

    • 43 Reads
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    John Peter Fedorowicz, born Sep 27, 1958, is an American Grandmaster (1986) who was U.S. Junior co-champion in 1977 and champion in 1978.  He won the U.S. Open in 1981 and the New York Open in 1989.  He took 3rd in the 1984 and the 1987 ... Read More »

  • Gaprindashvili, Nona

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    Nona Terentievna Gaprindashvili, born May 3, 1941, was the first woman to achieve the men's International Grandmaster title, in 1978.  She became the first woman to win a "men's" chess tournament when she tied for first plac... Read More »

  • Fahrni, Hans

    • 41 Reads
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    Hans Fahrni was born in Prague, Czechoslovakia in 1874.  In 1892 he was joint Swiss chess champion (with Corrodi).  He was the first master to play 100 opponents simultaneously.  It took place in 1911 at Munich.  His score was ... Read More »

  • Robatsch Defence

    • 41 Reads
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    In the Robatsch Defense, named after Karl Robatsch, also known as the Modern Defense, Black allows White to occupy the center with pawns on d4 and e4. Black's hope is to attack and undermine White's "ideal" position without directly attempting to... Read More »

  • Mechanics' Institute

    • 40 Reads
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    Oldest chess meeting place in the United States, founded on December 11, 1854.  Formerly the Mercantile Library in San Francisco, it was not incorporated as a chess club in its own right.  In 1906 the great San Francisco earthquake destr... Read More »

  • Queen

    • 40 Reads
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    Originally called mantri (a minister or counselor), it could only move to one adjacent diagonal square.  When chess came to Europe, the Queen could leap three squares.  By 1475 the Queen obtained its present power of moving along the ranks and f... Read More »

  • Aronian, Levon

    • 40 Reads
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    Levon Aronian, born Oct 6, 1982, is a Grandmaster (2001) from Armenia.   He learned chess at the age of 9.  In 1994, he won the World Under-12 Chess Championship with an 8 out 9 score.  He won the 2002 World Junior Chess Champi... Read More »

  • Windmill

    • 40 Reads
    • | 40 Reads

    A windmill is a tactic where a series of checks is made repeating the position, but unlike a perpetual check (which leads to a draw) with each repetition of the position a material or positional advantage is obtained. for example:     &... Read More »

  • From's Gambit

    • 40 Reads
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    A countergambit against White's Bird's Opening: 1. f4 e5 2. fxe5 d6 3. exd6 Bxd6. While this looks pretty tame as gambits go, since no Black piece is aimed directly at White's King, an example of how things can get out of hand is 4. Nf3 g5 5. d4 ... Read More »

  • Manhattan Chess Club

    • 39 Reads
    • | 39 Reads

    Founded on November 24, 1877 at the Café Logeling in New York City.   Dues were $4 a year.  On December 7, 1877 the members voted for the name of the chess club to be the Manhattan Chess Club (the other choices were Morphy Chess Club and Metro... Read More »