Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • Adjudication

    • 30 Reads
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    Adjudication is an independent decision (usually by a strong, impartial chess player) as to whether an unfinished game should be scored as draw or a win for one of the players on best play by both players.  It may be used by a tournament director... Read More »

  • Abonyi, Istvan

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    Istvan Abonyi (1886-1942) was a Hungarian master.  He was born and died in Budapest.  In 1912, he played the Abonyi Gambit (1.Nf3 d5 2.e4) for the first time. In 1916, he played the Budapest Gambit (1.a3 Nf6 2.b3 e5) against  the Dutch surge... Read More »

  • Owen, John

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    John Owen was born in Staffordshire on July 1, 1827.  In 1851, he was ordained and became a vicar of Hooten, Chesire from 1862 to 1900.  He was a member of George’s Chess Club and was recognized as one of London’s strongest a... Read More »

  • Petrosian, Tigran Vartanovich

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    Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian (1929-1984) was a Soviet Grandmaster (1952) and 9th world chess champion (1963-1969).  Between 1968 and 1975 he never lost more than a single game in any tournament.  He drew more than half his total gam... Read More »

  • Yanofsky, Daniel Abraham

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    Daniel Abraham Yanofsky (1925-2000) was a Polish born Canadian lawyer and Grandmaster (1964) who was the first Grandmaster in the British Commonwealth.  He learned to play chess at 8 years old.  He came to Canada in 1926.  In 1939 h... Read More »

  • Andersson, Ulf

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    Ulf Andersson, born June 27, 1951, is a Swedish Grandmaster (1972) who is the all-time drawing master.  Against top-level opposition, he has drawn 74% of his games, winning 10%, and losing 16%.  In 1969, he was the Swedish Champion. ... Read More »

  • Ehlvest, Jaan

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    Jaan Ehlvest, born Oct 14, 1962, is an Estonian Grandmaster (1987).   In 1981, he took 2nd in the World Junior Chess Championship.  He won the European Junior Championship in 1982/83.  He won the New York Open in 1994 and the W... Read More »

  • Gligoric, Svetozar

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    Svetozar Gligoric. born Feb 2, 1923, is a Serbian (Yugoslav) Grandmaster (1951).  He learned the game of chess at age 11, taught by a boarder taken in by his mother.   In 1938, at the age of 15, he won the Belgrade Chess Club c... Read More »

  • Alekhina, Natalia

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    Natalia Vladimirovna Alekhina, born Nov 3, 1954, is a Woman Grandmaster (WGM) from Russia.  In 1984, she was awarded the Woman International Master title.  She is married to GM Sergey Archipov.  In 1997, she won the Moscow champions... Read More »

  • Cable Match

    • 28 Reads
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    In 1895,  the first transatlantic cable match (moves transmitted by telegraph) was played between the British Chess Club and the Manhattan Chess Club.  In 1897 a cable match between the British House of Commons and the U.S. House of Repr... Read More »