Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • Time limit

    • 33 Reads
    • | 33 Reads

    The Anderssen-Kolisch match in 1861 was the first time a time-limit was used.  An hour-glass gave each player 2 hours to make 24 moves.  Tumbling clocks were introduced at London in 1883.  The modern chess clock was introduced in 19... Read More »

  • Yugoslavia

    • 33 Reads
    • | 33 Reads

    In 1271 Svetoslav Surinj beat the Venetian Doge, Peter II, in a chess match and won the right to rule the Dalmatian towns of Yugoslavia.  A chessboard appears in the Croation coat of arms.  The first Yugoslav championship was held in 194... Read More »

  • Adjudication

    • 33 Reads
    • | 33 Reads

    Adjudication is an independent decision (usually by a strong, impartial chess player) as to whether an unfinished game should be scored as draw or a win for one of the players on best play by both players.  It may be used by a tournament director... Read More »

  • Tarrasch, Siegbert

    • 32 Reads
    • | 32 Reads

    Siegbert Tarrasch (1862-1934) was a German player who was one of the top 4 players in the world for 20 years.  He had the lamest excuse in history for losing a world championship match.  After losing to Lasker, he blamed his loss on the ... Read More »

  • Yanofsky, Daniel Abraham

    • 32 Reads
    • | 32 Reads

    Daniel Abraham Yanofsky (1925-2000) was a Polish born Canadian lawyer and Grandmaster (1964) who was the first Grandmaster in the British Commonwealth.  He learned to play chess at 8 years old.  He came to Canada in 1926.  In 1939 h... Read More »

  • Gligoric, Svetozar

    • 32 Reads
    • | 32 Reads

    Svetozar Gligoric. born Feb 2, 1923, is a Serbian (Yugoslav) Grandmaster (1951).  He learned the game of chess at age 11, taught by a boarder taken in by his mother.   In 1938, at the age of 15, he won the Belgrade Chess Club c... Read More »

  • Aarseth, Sverre Johannes

    • 32 Reads
    • | 32 Reads

    Sverre Aarseth, born July 20, 1934, is a chess master from Norway.   He participated in the 6th World Correspondence Chess Championship in 1971 and finished 14th out of 15 players.   He lost one game in 14 moves.  He is an astronomer and avid... Read More »

  • MacHack VI

    • 31 Reads
    • | 31 Reads

    First computer to play in a chess tournament.  It played in all 5 rounds of the Massachusetts Amateur Championship in 1967.  The chess program was written by Richard Greenblatt of MIT’s Project Mac for the Dec PDP-6 (1200 KHz) comp... Read More »

  • Owen, John

    • 31 Reads
    • | 31 Reads

    John Owen was born in Staffordshire on July 1, 1827.  In 1851, he was ordained and became a vicar of Hooten, Chesire from 1862 to 1900.  He was a member of George’s Chess Club and was recognized as one of London’s strongest a... Read More »

  • Petrosian, Tigran Vartanovich

    • 31 Reads
    • | 31 Reads

    Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian (1929-1984) was a Soviet Grandmaster (1952) and 9th world chess champion (1963-1969).  Between 1968 and 1975 he never lost more than a single game in any tournament.  He drew more than half his total gam... Read More »