Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • Evans, William Davies

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    William Davies Evans (1790-1872) was a captain in the mercantile marine and amateur chessplayer.  He went to sea in 1804 at the age of 14, and later became a  steamer ship captain in 1819.  He discovered the Evans Gambit (1.e4 ... Read More »

  • Campomanes, Florencio

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    Florencio Basa Campomanes, born Feb 22, 1927, was the first non-European elected FIDE President (1982-1995).  In 1956, he was the first National Master of the Philippines Chess Federation.  He won the Philippine championship in 1956 and 1960.  ... Read More »

  • Dorfman, Josif (Iosif )

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    Josif Davidovich Dorfman, born May 1, 1953, is a Ukrainian trainer and Grandmaster (1978) who was Kasparov’s second for four World Championships.  He tied for 1st place (with Gulko) in the USSR championship in 1977.  He later moved... Read More »

  • Dzindzichashvili, Roman Yakovlevich

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    Roman Dzindzichashvili a well known grandmaster of Soviet origin (peak rating 2703), was born on May 5, 1944. In 1976, he emigrated to Israel where in 1977 he won the 1977 Israeli Championship and gained the grandmaster title in 1979.  That ... Read More »

  • Gheorghiu, Florin

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    Florin Gheorghiu, born April 6, 1944, was the first Romanian Grandmaster (1965).  He was world junior champion in 1963.  He was won the Romanian championship 9 times (1960, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1973, 1977, and 1984).  ... Read More »

  • Bishop

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    The origin of the name of the chess bishop is obscure.  It was introduced in the 15th century, taking the move of the courier and placed where the alfil used to be at the set up of the chess pieces on a chessboard.  The appearance of the... Read More »

  • Cafe de Regence

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    Perhaps the most famous of coffee house where chess was played.   This coffee house was opened up in Paris in1718.  Chess players from Café Procope moved to the Café de la Regence.  Around 1740 chess players gathered there to play chess.  P... Read More »

  • Philately

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    The first philatelic item, a chess cancellation, appeared on a German envelope in 1923.  The first postage stamp depicting a chess motif was issued in Bulgaria in 1947 on the occasion of the Balkan games.  Over 140 countries have issued ... Read More »

  • Balinas, Rosendo

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    Rosendo Carreon Balinas, Jr. (1941-1998) was a Philippine lawyer and Grandmaster (1976) who was Asia’s best player in the 1960s.  He was born on September 10, 1941 in Manila, Philippines.  He learned how to play chess at the age of 7, but di... Read More »

  • Najdorf, Miguel

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    Miguel Najdorf (1910-1997) was a Polish-born player who stayed in Argentina after the outbreak of World War II and became a naturalized citizen of Argentina five years later.  Najdorf escaped the Holocaust, but he lost his wife, child, parents an... Read More »