Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • Mephisto

    • 29 Reads
    • | 29 Reads

    The best of the automatons.  It was operated from another room by electro-mechanical means.  It entered the County Chess Association held in England in 1878 and won.  Isidor Gunsberg (1854-1930) was the operator.  He operated i... Read More »

  • Horwitz, Bernard

    • 29 Reads
    • | 29 Reads

    Bernhard Horwitz (1807-1885) was a German-born card player(specialized in miniatures) and chess study composer.    In 1845, he settled in England and began teaching chess.  In 1846, he lost as match with Howard Staunton, losing 14 games, winni... Read More »

  • Najdorf, Miguel

    • 29 Reads
    • | 29 Reads

    Miguel Najdorf (1910-1997) was a Polish-born player who stayed in Argentina after the outbreak of World War II and became a naturalized citizen of Argentina five years later.  Najdorf escaped the Holocaust, but he lost his wife, child, parents an... Read More »

  • Andersson, Ulf

    • 29 Reads
    • | 29 Reads

    Ulf Andersson, born June 27, 1951, is a Swedish Grandmaster (1972) who is the all-time drawing master.  Against top-level opposition, he has drawn 74% of his games, winning 10%, and losing 16%.  In 1969, he was the Swedish Champion. ... Read More »

  • Ehlvest, Jaan

    • 29 Reads
    • | 29 Reads

    Jaan Ehlvest, born Oct 14, 1962, is an Estonian Grandmaster (1987).   In 1981, he took 2nd in the World Junior Chess Championship.  He won the European Junior Championship in 1982/83.  He won the New York Open in 1994 and the W... Read More »

  • Japan

    • 28 Reads
    • | 28 Reads

    Chess Facts related to Japan. During World War II, the Japanese confiscated chess books thinking they were military codes. In 1962, they held their first international chess tournament, organized by the Japanese Chess Federation, in Yokohama. It... Read More »

  • United States Chess Federation

    • 28 Reads
    • | 28 Reads

    Formed in September, 1939 after the American Chess Federation (ACF) merged with the National Chess Federation (NCF).  George Sturgis was the first USCF President.  He had been president of the ACF.  The president of the NCF, Maurice... Read More »

  • Virgin Islands

    • 28 Reads
    • | 28 Reads

    The British Virgin Islands first joined FIDE in 1934.  The US Virgin Islands joined FIDE in 1966.  The Virgin Islanders made their first appearance in a chess Olympiad in 1968.  As one team, they played in the 1968, 1970, and 1972 c... Read More »

  • Tal, Mikhail

    • 28 Reads
    • | 28 Reads

    Mikhail Tal (1936-1992) was a Grandmaster (1957) without being an International Master first.  Tal was not an IM when he won the 24th USSR championship in Moscow in 1957 at the age of 21.  FIDE made an exception to the regulations and aw... Read More »

  • Campomanes, Florencio

    • 28 Reads
    • | 28 Reads

    Florencio Basa Campomanes, born Feb 22, 1927, was the first non-European elected FIDE President (1982-1995).  In 1956, he was the first National Master of the Philippines Chess Federation.  He won the Philippine championship in 1956 and 1960.  ... Read More »