Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • GMA

    • 22 Reads
    • | 22 Reads

    Grandmasters Association, founded in 1987 by Garry Kasparov and Bessel Kok to give a voice to grandmasters that were dissatisfied with FIDE.  The GMA was succeeded in 1993 by the Professional Chessplayers Association (PCA).    ... Read More »

  • Magazines, chess

    • 22 Reads
    • | 22 Reads

    The first magazine devoted entirely to chess was Le Palamede, founded by La Bourdonnais in 1836.  The first English chess magazine, The Philidorian, was edited by George Walker in 1838.  The oldest existing chess magazine in the world is... Read More »

  • Teletype

    • 22 Reads
    • | 22 Reads

    The first transoceanic teletype match occurred in 1963 between Sydney, Australia and Auckland, New Zealand.  Sydney won.  The first time an international tournament game was played by teletype was on Aug 25, 1965 when Bobby Fischer playe... Read More »

  • de Vere, Cecil

    • 22 Reads
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    Cecil Valentine Brown, later known as Cecil de Vere, was born in February 14 (Valentine’s Day), 1845.  In 1857, at the age of 12, he was taught who to play chess by a strong London player, Francis Burden (1830-1882).  In 1859, he j... Read More »

  • Jaenisch, Karl (Carl) Friedrich von

    • 22 Reads
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    Karl Jaenisch (1813-1872) was a Russian chess player and analyst.  In 1842 he gave the name to the French Defense (1.e4 e6) and the Center Game (1.e4 e5 2.d4) in his book Analyse Nouvelle des ouvertures du jeu des Echecs.  He was a Major... Read More »

  • Najdorf, Miguel

    • 22 Reads
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    Miguel Najdorf (1910-1997) was a Polish-born player who stayed in Argentina after the outbreak of World War II and became a naturalized citizen of Argentina five years later.  Najdorf escaped the Holocaust, but he lost his wife, child, parents an... Read More »

  • Niemeijer, Meindert

    • 22 Reads
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    Meindert Niemeijer (1902-1987) was a Dutch lawyer, banker, managing director of an insurance company, chess historian and International Master for Chess Composition.  He collected over 7,000 chess books for the Royal Hague Library for over 40... Read More »

  • Unzicker, Wolfgang

    • 22 Reads
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    Wolfgang Unzicker (1925-2006) was a German grandmaster (1954) born in Pirmasens, Germany on June 26, 1925.  He started to play chess at the age of 10.  West German champion in 1948, 1950, 1952, 1959, 1963, and 1965.  He was East and... Read More »

  • Williams, Elijah

    • 22 Reads
    • | 22 Reads

    Elijah Williams was an English chess master who came in 3rd at the London International in 1851.  In 1852 he published Horae Divanianae (Hours of the Divan), a book of 150 chess games played at Simpson’ Divan.  It included the &ldq... Read More »

  • Wilson, Thomas Bright

    • 22 Reads
    • | 22 Reads

    Thomas Bright Wilson (1843-1915) was the inventor of the chess clock (stop clock), with the advice of Henry Blackburne.  He lived in Manchester England and was secretary of the Manchester Chess Club.  The first major tournament to use th... Read More »