Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • Horwitz, Bernard

    • 29 Reads
    • | 29 Reads

    Bernhard Horwitz (1807-1885) was a German-born card player(specialized in miniatures) and chess study composer.    In 1845, he settled in England and began teaching chess.  In 1846, he lost as match with Howard Staunton, losing 14 games, winni... Read More »

  • Mackenzie, George Henry

    • 29 Reads
    • | 29 Reads

    George Henry Mackenzie was born on March 24, 1834 in North Kessock, Scotland.  In 1856, at the age of 19, he purchased a commission in the 60th Rifles (the King’s Royal Rifle Corps).  He served as a Lieutenant in the British army, ... Read More »

  • Salvio, Alessandro

    • 29 Reads
    • | 29 Reads

    Alessandro Salvio (1570-1640) was a chess author from Naples, doctor, and best chess analyst of his time.  He defeated Paolo Boi in 1598 (who died three days later) and Geronimo Cascio in 1606.  He was unofficial world chess champio... Read More »

  • Tal, Mikhail

    • 29 Reads
    • | 29 Reads

    Mikhail Tal (1936-1992) was a Grandmaster (1957) without being an International Master first.  Tal was not an IM when he won the 24th USSR championship in Moscow in 1957 at the age of 21.  FIDE made an exception to the regulations and aw... Read More »

  • Andersson, Ulf

    • 29 Reads
    • | 29 Reads

    Ulf Andersson, born June 27, 1951, is a Swedish Grandmaster (1972) who is the all-time drawing master.  Against top-level opposition, he has drawn 74% of his games, winning 10%, and losing 16%.  In 1969, he was the Swedish Champion. ... Read More »

  • Campomanes, Florencio

    • 29 Reads
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    Florencio Basa Campomanes, born Feb 22, 1927, was the first non-European elected FIDE President (1982-1995).  In 1956, he was the first National Master of the Philippines Chess Federation.  He won the Philippine championship in 1956 and 1960.  ... Read More »

  • Ingo system

    • 28 Reads
    • | 28 Reads

    The first chess rating system.  It was introduced by Anton Hoesslinger in 1948 and named after his birthplace of Inglostadt, Bavaria.  It was first described in Bayerische Schacht chess magazine.  In this system, the lower ratings ... Read More »

  • Peru

    • 28 Reads
    • | 28 Reads

    In 1997, the Japanese ambassador’s mansion in Lima was taken over by a terrorist  group (Tupac Amaru rebels), where 75 hostages were held.  A chess set was delivered during the hostage crises.  Embedded in the chess pieces were tiny microphon... Read More »

  • Finn, Julius

    • 28 Reads
    • | 28 Reads

    Julius Finn (71-1931) was the New York State chess champion in 1901 (first prize was $40), 1907, and 1908 (winning the Rice Trophy for winning the State Chess Championship three time).  At one time, he was director of the Manhattan Chess Club... Read More »

  • Marathon chess

    • 27 Reads
    • | 27 Reads

    The first marathon chess record was set  by R.H. Jones and Stewart Walker who played chess 52 hours non stop at St. Lukes College in 1962.  It appeared in the 1962 Guinness Book or Records.  In 1983 two bus drivers from Bristol, Eng... Read More »