Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • From's Gambit

    • 28 Reads
    • | 28 Reads

    A countergambit against White's Bird's Opening: 1. f4 e5 2. fxe5 d6 3. exd6 Bxd6. While this looks pretty tame as gambits go, since no Black piece is aimed directly at White's King, an example of how things can get out of hand is 4. Nf3 g5 5. d4 ... Read More »

  • Las Palmas 1996

    • 27 Reads
    • | 27 Reads

    Strongest chess tournament ever held.  This was a category 21 event with an average rating of 2756. The event included the top 6 players in the world: Garry Kasparov (2785), Anatoly Karpov (2775), Vladimir Kramnik (2765), Veselin Topalov (2... Read More »

  • Last place

    • 27 Reads
    • | 27 Reads

    In 1851, at the first International Chess Tournament, Eduard Loewe, M. Brodie, E.S. Kennedy, Samuel Newham, and Carl Mayet all got knocked out without a single win in 2 games.  In 1857, at the 1st American Chess Congress, James Thompson and S... Read More »

  • Peru

    • 27 Reads
    • | 27 Reads

    In 1997, the Japanese ambassador’s mansion in Lima was taken over by a terrorist  group (Tupac Amaru rebels), where 75 hostages were held.  A chess set was delivered during the hostage crises.  Embedded in the chess pieces were tiny microphon... Read More »

  • Finn, Julius

    • 27 Reads
    • | 27 Reads

    Julius Finn (71-1931) was the New York State chess champion in 1901 (first prize was $40), 1907, and 1908 (winning the Rice Trophy for winning the State Chess Championship three time).  At one time, he was director of the Manhattan Chess Club... Read More »

  • Mackenzie, George Henry

    • 27 Reads
    • | 27 Reads

    George Henry Mackenzie was born on March 24, 1834 in North Kessock, Scotland.  In 1856, at the age of 19, he purchased a commission in the 60th Rifles (the King’s Royal Rifle Corps).  He served as a Lieutenant in the British army, ... Read More »

  • Backward Pawn

    • 27 Reads
    • | 27 Reads

    A pawn which cannot be protected by its neighbouring pawns because they have advanced further up the board. A backward pawn can become a weakness, but sometimes other factors can compensate.  Some opening variations allow backward pawns to occur... Read More »

  • Ingo system

    • 26 Reads
    • | 26 Reads

    The first chess rating system.  It was introduced by Anton Hoesslinger in 1948 and named after his birthplace of Inglostadt, Bavaria.  It was first described in Bayerische Schacht chess magazine.  In this system, the lower ratings ... Read More »

  • Marathon chess

    • 26 Reads
    • | 26 Reads

    The first marathon chess record was set  by R.H. Jones and Stewart Walker who played chess 52 hours non stop at St. Lukes College in 1962.  It appeared in the 1962 Guinness Book or Records.  In 1983 two bus drivers from Bristol, Eng... Read More »

  • Salvio, Alessandro

    • 26 Reads
    • | 26 Reads

    Alessandro Salvio (1570-1640) was a chess author from Naples, doctor, and best chess analyst of his time.  He defeated Paolo Boi in 1598 (who died three days later) and Geronimo Cascio in 1606.  He was unofficial world chess champio... Read More »