Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • Gaprindashvili, Nona

    • 41 Reads
    • | 41 Reads

    Nona Terentievna Gaprindashvili, born May 3, 1941, was the first woman to achieve the men's International Grandmaster title, in 1978.  She became the first woman to win a "men's" chess tournament when she tied for first plac... Read More »

  • Pawn

    • 40 Reads
    • | 40 Reads

    The new pawn move, advancing two squares on its first move instead of one, was first introduced in Spain in 1280.  Starting a game by making two pawn moves before the opponent moved was common in Germany and Holland up to the 16th century, and st... Read More »

  • Grandmaster

    • 39 Reads
    • | 39 Reads

    First used in connection with chess as a player of highest class in 1838.  On February 18, 1838, the London newspaper Bell’s Life published a letter by a reader to award the title of Grandmaster to William Lewis.   The title o... Read More »

  • Fahrni, Hans

    • 39 Reads
    • | 39 Reads

    Hans Fahrni was born in Prague, Czechoslovakia in 1874.  In 1892 he was joint Swiss chess champion (with Corrodi).  He was the first master to play 100 opponents simultaneously.  It took place in 1911 at Munich.  His score was ... Read More »

  • Queen

    • 38 Reads
    • | 38 Reads

    Originally called mantri (a minister or counselor), it could only move to one adjacent diagonal square.  When chess came to Europe, the Queen could leap three squares.  By 1475 the Queen obtained its present power of moving along the ranks and f... Read More »

  • Staunton chessmen

    • 38 Reads
    • | 38 Reads

    The only type of chess set allowed in FIDE events.  In the 1978 World Championship match in Baguio, none of the chess sets shown to Karpov and Korchnoi just before the match were of the Staunton pattern.  Someone had to drive to Manila t... Read More »

  • Vera Menchik Club

    • 38 Reads
    • | 38 Reads

    Players who lost to Vera Menchik.  Before the start of the Carlsbad International Tournament in 1929, Albert Becker said if man should lose to this woman, he would be a member of the Vera Menchik Club.  His was the first member.  Ot... Read More »

  • National Chess Day

    • 38 Reads
    • | 38 Reads

    National Chess Day Former President Gerald Ford proclaimed and designated National Chess day in October 09, 1976. But before it happened there was a series of requests from other groups concerned including the Regional Vice-president of United St... Read More »

  • Aronian, Levon

    • 38 Reads
    • | 38 Reads

    Levon Aronian, born Oct 6, 1982, is a Grandmaster (2001) from Armenia.   He learned chess at the age of 9.  In 1994, he won the World Under-12 Chess Championship with an 8 out 9 score.  He won the 2002 World Junior Chess Champi... Read More »

  • Evans, Larry

    • 38 Reads
    • | 38 Reads

    Larry Melvyn Evans (March 22, 1932 – November 15, 2010) was an  was an American Chess Grandmaster, author and journalist. He won or shared the U.S. Open Chess Championship five times and the U.S. Open Chess Championship four times.  He won or ... Read More »