Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • open-closed

    • 75 Reads
    • | 75 Reads

    Open and Closed positions refer to the two main types of pawn structures of the centre . Open positions generally have an open centre , where the majority of the pawns have been swapped off . For example Scotch game results in an open game : ... Read More »

  • Stalemate

    • 72 Reads
    • | 72 Reads

    The rule regarding stalemate first appeared in Europe in A. Saul's Famous Game of Chesse-Play, published in 1614.  In England, the player who gave stalemate lost the game.  In Italy and France stalemate counted as a draw.  In Sp... Read More »

  • Gonzalez, Renier

    • 72 Reads
    • | 72 Reads

    Renier Gonzales, born in 1972, is a chess player from Miami (originally from Cuba) who has made his 3rd and final Grandmaster norm in Spain (his first GM norm was at Foxwoods Open 2004; his 2nd GM norm was at Lindsborg 2004).  He st... Read More »

  • Ratings

    • 71 Reads
    • | 71 Reads

    The first organization to adopt a numerical rating system was the Correspondence Chess League of America in 1933.  The first USCF rating list appeared in the November 20, 1950 issue of Chess Life.  Ken Harkness rated 2,306 players from e... Read More »

  • Sicilian, Kan Variation

    • 71 Reads
    • | 71 Reads

    The Kan Variation of the Sicilian Defence arises after the moves 1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 e6 3 d4 cd4 4 Nd4 a6.  Black creates a bed of thorns with his pawns to prevent the invasion of white's knights. Read More »

  • List of chess variants

    • 66 Reads
    • | 66 Reads

    A chess variant (or unorthodox chess) is a game "related to, derived from or inspired by chess".[2] The difference from chess might include one or more of the following: different rules for capture, move order, game objective, etc.; addition... Read More »

  • Canada

    • 63 Reads
    • | 63 Reads

    Chess has been played in Canada since at least 1759.  General Sir John Hale and General Wolfe played chess during the taking of Quebec in 1759.  The Montreal Chess Club was founded in 1844.  The Canadian Chess Association (CCA) was ... Read More »

  • Karpov, Anatoly

    • 63 Reads
    • | 63 Reads

    Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov, born May 23, 1951, in Zlatoust, Russia, was the 12th World Chess Champion (1975-1985). Karpov was the first world champion to win the title without playing a chess match.  He was awarded the title in 1975 when Bobby ... Read More »

  • POW

    • 62 Reads
    • | 62 Reads

    In almost every war with Prisoners of War (POW), POWs have credited chess literally with saving their lives.  Any many POW camps, chess playing was the main diversion.  During World War II, POWs played chess with their German guards to d... Read More »

  • Dake, Arthur

    • 59 Reads
    • | 59 Reads

    Arthur W. Dake (1910-2000) became a bridge toll collector, then a highway auto controller, and finally an automobile inspector for the state of Oregon after serving in the merchant marines when he was 16.  He learned how to play chess at age 17 ... Read More »