Chessopedia: Online Chess Encylopedia


  • Sicilian, Kan Variation

    • 68 Reads
    • | 68 Reads

    The Kan Variation of the Sicilian Defence arises after the moves 1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 e6 3 d4 cd4 4 Nd4 a6.  Black creates a bed of thorns with his pawns to prevent the invasion of white's knights. Read More »

  • Mating Net

    • 68 Reads
    • | 68 Reads

    This article is in relation to Mating Patterns Parts 1 and 2. If you didn't read those yet, please do so before reading this. When you are attacking your opponent's king, the normal reaction is to check as much as possible. It gives you a feeling... Read More »

  • Ratings

    • 63 Reads
    • | 63 Reads

    The first organization to adopt a numerical rating system was the Correspondence Chess League of America in 1933.  The first USCF rating list appeared in the November 20, 1950 issue of Chess Life.  Ken Harkness rated 2,306 players from e... Read More »

  • Canada

    • 62 Reads
    • | 62 Reads

    Chess has been played in Canada since at least 1759.  General Sir John Hale and General Wolfe played chess during the taking of Quebec in 1759.  The Montreal Chess Club was founded in 1844.  The Canadian Chess Association (CCA) was ... Read More »

  • POW

    • 61 Reads
    • | 61 Reads

    In almost every war with Prisoners of War (POW), POWs have credited chess literally with saving their lives.  Any many POW camps, chess playing was the main diversion.  During World War II, POWs played chess with their German guards to d... Read More »

  • Karpov, Anatoly

    • 60 Reads
    • | 60 Reads

    Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov, born May 23, 1951, in Zlatoust, Russia, was the 12th World Chess Champion (1975-1985). Karpov was the first world champion to win the title without playing a chess match.  He was awarded the title in 1975 when Bobby ... Read More »

  • open-closed

    • 60 Reads
    • | 60 Reads

    Open and Closed positions refer to the two main types of pawn structures of the centre . Open positions generally have an open centre , where the majority of the pawns have been swapped off . For example Scotch game results in an open game : ... Read More »

  • Dake, Arthur

    • 58 Reads
    • | 58 Reads

    Arthur W. Dake (1910-2000) became a bridge toll collector, then a highway auto controller, and finally an automobile inspector for the state of Oregon after serving in the merchant marines when he was 16.  He learned how to play chess at age 17 ... Read More »

  • Aaron, Manuel

    • 56 Reads
    • | 56 Reads

    Manuel Aaron was India’s first modern master and first International Master.  He was born in Toungoo, Burma (now Myanmar) on December 30, 1935 and became an International Master in 1961 (the next Indian International Master was V. Ravi in 1978... Read More »

  • Gelfand, Boris

    • 54 Reads
    • | 54 Reads

    Boris Gelfand is a Grandmaster (1989) from Belorussia who moved to Israel.  In 1988 he tied for first in the World Junior Championship.  In 1995 he lost to Karpov in the Candidates final match.  He has won two Interzonals (1990 at M... Read More »