1930 in chess
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On January 4, 1930, the 10th Christmas Congress ended. The Premier Section was won by Jose Capablanca (6.5), followed by Vidmar (5.5), and Yates (5). The Premier Reserves section was won by George Koltanowski and Tylor.
From January 16 to February 4, 1930, an international chess tournament was held in San Remo, Italy. The winner was Alexander Alekhine, scoring 14 out of 15 (+13=2), followed by Nimzowitsch and Rubinstein (10.5), Bogoljubow (9.5), and Yates (9).
On January 23, 1930, Hugh Myers was born in Decatur, Illinois. He was an American chess author, theoretician, and magazine editor. He died on December 24, 2008.
On February 6, 1930, Bela Soos was born in Targu Mures, Romania. In 1967, he was awarded the IM title. In the 1970s, he moved to Germany.
On February 13, 1930, Boris de Greiff was born in Medellin, Colombia. In 1957, he was awarded the International Master (IM) title.
On May 2, 1930, Isidor Gunsberg died in London. He was German champion in 1885 and world chess challenger in 1891.
On May 16, 1930, Ake (Bror) Backlund was born in Vaasa, Finland. In 1980, he was awarded the International Master in Correspondence (IMC) title.
On May 23, 1930, Alexander Matanovic was born in Belgrade. He won the Yugoslavia championship 3 times. In 1955, he was awarded the Grandmaster (GM) title.
In June 1930, John D. Chambers died in Cardiff, Wales. He was one of the founders of the Scottish Chess Association in 1884.
On June 12, 1930, Donald Byrne was born in New York City. In 1962, he was awarded the IM title. He died in 1976.
From July 13-27, 1930, the 3rd Tournament of Nations (chess Olympiad) was held in Hamburg, Germany. It was organized by the German Chess Federation to celebrate the centenary of the Hamburg Chess Club. The gold medal was won by Poland. The silver medal went to Hungary. The bronze medal went to Germany. There were 18 teams that participated.
In July, the 2nd Women’s World Chess Championship took place during the 3rd Chess Olympiad in Hamburg. Vera Menchik defended her title with 6 wins, 1 loss, and 1 draw.
On July 16, 1930, Horst Rittner was born in Breslau, Germany (now Wroclaw, Poland). In 1961, he was awarded the Correspondence Grandmaster (GMC) title. He won the 6th World Correspondence Chess Championship, held from 1968 to 1971.
On July 22, 1930, Nikolai Krogius was born in Saratov, USSR. In 1964, he was awarded the GM title.
On August 17, 1930, Leo Fleishmann (Forgacs) died in Berettyoujfalu, Hungary. In 1907, he won the Hungarian championship.
On August 20, 1930, Oleg Kaminsky was born. He is a FIDE Master (FM).
On August 24-31, 1930, Harry Borochow of Los Angeles won the 9th California State Chess Championship, held at the Mechanics’ Institute in San Francisco.
On September 13, 1930, Ken Smith was born in Olney, Texas. He was a FIDE master and the owner of Chess Digest. He died on February 4, 1999.
On October 6-11, 1930, the 31st Western Open (US Open) was held in Chicago. Norman Whitaker and S. Factor took 1st place.
On October 17, 1930, Venka Asenova was born in Bulgaria. She won the Bulgarian Women’s Championship 9 times. In 1986, she was awarded the honorary Women’s Grandmaster (HWGM) title. She died on December 29, 1986.
On October 24, 1930, Eugenio Maciel German was born in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. He won the Brazilian Championship title in 1951 and 1972. In 1952, he was awarded the International Master title, the first Brazilian player to be awarded the IM title. He died in 2001. He died on April 1, 2001.
On October 25, 1930, Karoly Honfi was born in Budapest. In 1962, he was awarded the IM title. He died on August 14, 1996.
On December 21, 1930, Wolfgang Pietzsch was born in Wittgendorf, Germany. He won the East German championship 4 times. In 1965, he was awarded the GM title. He died n 1996.
In 1930, the Soviet authorities banned blindfold chess play, believing that mental health could be endangered by blindfold displays.
-- written by Bill Wall