1932 in chess
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The 12th Hastings Christmas Congress has held from December 28, 1931 to January 6, 1932. It was won by Salo Flohr, scoring 8 out of 9 (+7=2), followed by Isaac Kashdan with 7.5, Euwe with 5, Sultan Khan with 4.5, Yates, Stoltz, and Menchik with 4, and Thomas and Michell with 2.
In January 1932, the top 10 chess players in the world were Alekhine, Capablanca, Kashdan, Bogoljubow, Nimzovich, Euwe, Flohr, Rubinstein, Tartakower, and Sultan Khan.
On January 12, 1932, Daniel Noteboom died of pneumonia in London England at the age of 21. He was a strong Dutch master.
On January 16, 1932, Victor Ciocaltea was born in Bucharest, Romania. He was Romanian champion in 1952, 1959, 1961, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1975, and 1979. He was awarded the Grandmaster (GM) title in 1979. He died of a heart attack at the chess table while playing at a chess tournament in Manresa, Spain on September 10, 1983. He was 51.
In February 1932, The London Sunday Referee tournament was held. It was won by Alekhine, scoring 9 out of 11 (+7=4), followed by Flohr with 8, and Kashdan and Khan with 7.5. The Sunday Referee was a Sunday newspaper in the United Kingdom until it merged with the Sunday Chronicle.
On February 7, 1932, Romuald Grabczewski was born in Warsaw. He was awarded the International Master (IM) title in 1972. He died in Warsaw on August 20, 2005.
On March 1, 1932, Dirk Daniel van Geet was born in the Netherlands. He was awarded the Correspondence GM title in 1986.
On March 8, 1932, Kate Finn died in London. She was the first British women’s champion, winning in 1904 and 1905.
On March 10, 1932, Josef Kupper was born in Lucerne, Switzerland. He was Swiss champion in 1954, 1957, and 1962. He was awarded the IM title in 1955.
In march 1932, George Koltanowski won a masters tournament in Antwerp, ahead of Salo Flohr.
On March 22, 1932, Larry Melvyn Evans was born in Manhattan. He won the U.S. championship 5 times. He died on November 15, 2010. He was 78.
On April 20, 1932, Edgard Colle died in Ghent, Belgium at the age of 34. He died after an operation of a gastric ulcer. He was Belgium champion six times between 1922 and 1929.
On April 21, Lora Yakovleva was born in Perm, Russia. She was the Women’s World Correspondence Chess Champion from 1972 to 1977.
On April 22, 1932, Alexander Fritz died in Alsfeld, Germany at the age of 79. The Fritz Variation of the Two Knights Defense (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 d5 5.exd5 Ng4) is named after him.
On April 22, 1932, Nikolac was born. He was awarded the IM title in 1975.
On April 22, 1932, Sandor Takacs died in Budapest at the age of 39. He was a Hungarian chess master.
In 1932, Isaac Kashdan went on a USA tour from May 9 to July 18, giving 19 simultaneous exhibitions. We won 467, lost 18, and drew 20.
On May 25, 1932, Jose Capablanca gave a chess lecture at the Club de Comunicaciones de Prado in Cuba.
On June 10, 1932, Maria Albulet was born in Braila, Romania. She and Margareta Teodorescu, as a team, won the first chess Olympiad medal in the history of Romanian chess by taking 2nd in the 1957 women’s chess Olympiad. She was awarded the Women’s IM title in 1957 and the honorary Women’s GM title in 1985. Her daughter, Marina, was awarded the WGM title.
An international chess tournament was played at the Bad Sliac, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia) health resort from June 10-28, 1932. It was won by Salo Flohr (+6=7) and Milan Vidmar, scoring 9.5 out of 13, followed by Pirc (8.5), Canal, Maroczy, and Spielmann (8), Treybal (7), Bogoljubow (6.5), Pokorny (5.5), Opocensky and Walter (5), Rohacek (4), May (3.5), and Engel (3).
On June 15, 1932, Hrvoje (Vojko) Bartolovic was born in Zagreb. In 1965, he was world champion in composing chess two-movers. In 1980, he was awarded the GM for Composition title. He died on November 3, 2005.
On June 15, 1932, Louis van Vliet (1868-1932) died in London. He was born in the Netherlands but became a naturalized Englishman in the 1880s.. He was the chess editor of the Sunday Times and the Hereford Times.
On July 2, 1932, Leopold Mitrofanov was born in Leningrad. In 1980, he was awarded the International Master of Chess Composition title. He died on November 26, 1992.
In July 28, 1932, Guenter Capelan was born in Wermelskirchen, Germany. He was awarded the IM title in 1968.
The Berne (Bern), Switzerland tournament in July 1932, included 10 Swiss masters and 6 foreign masters. Alekhine won with 12.5 out of 15, followed by Euwe and Flohr with 11.5. This was the strongest tournament in 1932, which included five of the top ten players in the world.
From July 30 to August 7, 1932 the Western Chess Association Championship was held at Minneapolis. It was won by Reuben Fine, scoring 9.5 (+8 =3), followed by Samuel Reshevsky with 9. 3rd place went to Fred Reinfeld. 4th place went to Herman Steiner. There were 12 players in the event. It was Fine’s first national title.
In 1932, Herman Steiner (1905-1955) moved from New York to Hollywood. In that year, he became the editor of a chess column in the Los Angeles Times.
Before the Pasadena tournament, several of the competitors were taken aloft in the dirigible Volunteer. Kashdan and Dake contested an informal game which ended up as a draw. The moves were transmitted by radio to the opening luncheon meeting and commented by Alekhine. Alekhine had just arrived from Berne, Switzerland, traveling 8,000 miles in 15 days by ship and train.
In August 1932, the Pasadena International Chess Congress was won by Alexander Alekhine with 8.5 out of 11 (+7=3-1), followed by Kashdan with 7.5, Dake, Steiner, and Reshevsky with 6, Borochow with 5.5, Reinfeld, Bernstein, and Fine with 5, Araiza with 3.5, and Fink with 3. Alekhine won $250, Kashdan won $150, and Dake, Steiner, and Reshevsky won $50 each. The tournament was promoted by Cecil B. DeMille and followed the 10th Modern Olympic Games, which were held in Los Angeles.
On August 10, 1932, Carol (Charles) Partos was born in Romania. He won the Romanian championship in 1972. He moved to Switzerland and was awarded the IM title in 1975.
On August 11, 1932, Istvan Bilek was born in Budapest. He won the Hungarian championship three times. He was awarded the GM title in 1962. He won the Hungarian championship in 1963, 1965, and 1970. His ex-wife was Hungarian women’s champion. He died on March 21, 2010.
In August 1932, the 25th British Championship, held in London, was won by Mir Sultan Khan with 8.5 out of 11, followed by C.H.O’D Alexander with 8. George Koltanowski won the Major Open section.
In September 1932, Mexico City hosted its first international chess tournament in Mexico. Alekhine and Kashdan shared 1st place with 8.5 out of 9, followed by Jose Joaquin Araiza (champion of Mexico and organizer of the tournament) with 6.
On September 14, 1932, Carlos Jauregui was born in Santiago, Chile. He represented Chile in the 1956 and 1964 chess Olympiads. In the 1970s, he moved to Canada.
In October 1932, William Lyons died in Kentucky at the age of 83. He was one of the first chess book dealers in America.
In October 1932, Koltanowski began editing Chess World in Antwerp, Belgium. This was the first English-language magazine published in a non-English-speaking country.
On November 1, 1932, Yair Kraidman was born in Haifa. He was awarded the GM title in 1976, becoming the first Jew born in Israeli territory to become a GM.
On November 4, 1932, Rudolf Johannes Loman died in Amsterdam at the age of 71. He was Dutch champion in 1912.
On November 11, 1932, Frederick Dewhurst Yates died in London, England at the age of 48. He won the British championship 6 times. He died in his sleep, asphyxiated by a faulty pipe connection at his home.
On November 16, 1932, Herman Mattison (Hermanis Matisons) died of tuberculosis in Riga at the age of 37. In 1924 he was the first Latvian champion and the first World Amateur Champion.
On November 25, 1932, Fritz Riemann died at the age of 73. He was a Polish-born German master.
On November 27, 1932, Tibor Weinberger was born in Hungary. In 1962, he tied for 1st in the California State Championship. In 1970, he won the California Open. He is a FIDE master.
On December 1, 1932, Milunka Lazarevic (now Markovic) was born in Santarovac, Yugoslavia. She won the Yugoslav women’s championship 11 times. She was awarded the WGM title in 1976.
On December 7, 1932, Curt Brasket was born in Tracy, Minnesota. He was awarded the FIDE master title in 1984. He has won the Minnesota State Championship 16 times.
In December 1932, Alekhine gave a simultaneous exhibition at the Los Angeles Athletic Club, scoring 19 wins and 3 draws. He then played seven players blindfolded at the new Hollywood Chess Club, winning 5 and drawing 2.
On December 23, 1932, Alekhine left San Francisco for Honolulu.
On December 25, 1932, Reuben Fine, age 18 and a student at CCNY, won the 16th Marshall Chess Club Championship without the loss of a game (+10=3). A. Kevitz finished 2nd.
In December 1932, the top 10 players in the world were Alekhine, Kashdan, Capablanca, Flohr, Euwe, Nimzovich, Sultan Khan, Tartakower, and Spielmann.
The 13th Hastings Christmas Congress began in late December, 1932. The eventual winner was Salo Flohr.
In 1932, the 10th Hungarian Championship was won by Geza Maroczy with 13 out of 17, followed by Esteban Canal at 12.
The Trebitsch Memorial in Vienna was won by Albert Becker with 9 out of 11, followed by Ernst Gruenfeld.
Max Euwe and Salo Flohr drew a match played in Amsterdam (2 wins and 4 draws each)
Max Euwe and Salo Flohr drew a match played in Prague (1 win and 6 draws each)
Rudolf Spielmann defeated Efim Bogoljubow in a match in Semmering (4 wins, 3 losses, and 3 draws)
Spielmann defeated Gosta Stoltz in a match in Stockholm (4.5 to 1.5).
Flohr defeated Mir Sultan Khan in a match (2 wins, 1 loss, 2 draws).
Euwe beat Spielmann in a match (2 wins, 2 draws).
The Canadian Chess Federation (CCF) replaced the Canadian Chess Association, which was founded in 1872. For the first time, all major cities in Canada were represented. In 1945, the Canadian Chess Federation was renamed to the Chess Federation of Canada (CFC).
Bruno Buchholz ( -1958) developed the Buchholz system for tie-breaking. It is used to determine ranks in a Swiss system tournament where players have the same score. It sums up the score of the players’ opponents, favoring those who have confronted better opponents. The method was first used in a tournament at Bitterfeld, Germany in 1932.
George (Georges) Koltanowski played 160 boards simultaneously at Antwerp, with 135 wins, 7 losses, and 18 draws.
Koltanowski played 30 boards blindfolded, winning 20 and drawing 10.
Alexander Alekhine played 60 teams of five players each in Paris, winning 37, losing 6, and drawing 17.
Jose Capablanca played 66 teams of five players each in Havana, winning 46, losing 4, and drawing 16.
In 1932, the Braille Chess Association was founded. It was affiliated with the British Chess Federation and the British Postal Chess Federation.
In 1932, Jesse B. Hanson and Frank Frain purchased Ajeeb the automaton and later toured the USA with it.
In 1932, Victor Place (1865-1932) died. He was a French chess scholar who, in 1922, concluded that the Gottingen manuscript was written by Lucena.
In 1932, after an absence of 18 years, Ossip Bernstein (1882-1962) took up chess again.
In 1932, Emil Josef Diemer (1908-1990) popularized the Blackmar-Diemer Gambit (1.d4 d5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.f3), which he called the Polish Gambit.
In 1932, the German chess composer Friedrich Martin Palitzsch (1889-1932) died.
In 1932, Marcel Duchamp won the Paris championship.
In 1932, Akiba Rubinstein retired from chess. He settled in Belgium and after 1932, he did not talk to no-one but his immediate family.
Karl Helling won the championship of Berlin from a strong field without the loss of a game (+8=2).
The College of the City of New York (CCNY) successfully defended their championship in the 32nd annual tournament of the Intercollegiate Chess League, and retained possession of the Harold M. Phillips Trophy. The leading individual score was W. Jacobs of CCNY (7-0).
Harvard won in the H.Y.P.D (Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Dartmouth) League in the 8th annual competition for the Belden Stephens trophy, played at the Marshall Chess Club. They score 3-0 in matches (+11=1).
In 1932, the 5th edition of Modern Chess Openings was published by Griffith and White.
In 1932, the first international correspondence chess tournament was held and eventually won by Janos Balogh.
-- written by Bill Wall