1935 in chess
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In 1935, the magazine CHESS was founded by B.H. Wood in Sutton Coldfield.
In January 1935, Isaac Kashdan and A. Kupchik tied for 1st in the Manhattan Chess Club championship. After dividing the prize money, they played one game to decide the Club Championship for 1935 and Kupchik won. Horowitz took 3d place.
On January 5, 1935, the 15th Christmas Congress in Hastings ended. The Premier section saw a three-way tie between Salo Flohr, Max Euwe, and George A. Thomas (6.5-2.5). Capablanca took 4th place (5.5). Botvinnik and Lilienthal tied for 5th-6th place (5). The Premier Reserves section was won by George Koltanowski and T. H. Tylor.
On January 14, 1935, Yakov (Jacob) Yukhtman was born in Voronezh, Russia. In 1953, he was chess champion of the Ukraine. He died in New York on January 25, 1985.
On January 26, 1935, Fridrik Olafsson was born in Iceland. In 1958, he was awarded the Grandmaster (GM) title. He is a former president of the World Chess Federation (FIDE).
On January 26, 1935, Stanimir Nikolic was born in Donja Trepca, Yugoslavia. In 1978, he was awarded the GM title.
On January 27, 1935, G. Levenfish and I. Rabinovic won the 9th USSR Championship, held in Leningrad.
On February 5, 1935, Jackson Showalter died in Georgetown, Kentucky at the age of 75. He won the U.S. championship five times. He was born in 1860.
From February 15 to March 14, an international chess tournament was held in Moscow, organized by Nikolai Krylenko. It was won by Mikhail Botvinnik and Salo Flohr (13-6), followed by Emanuel Lasker (12.5), Capablanca (12), and Spielamnn (11).
On March 4, 1935, Bent Larsen was born in Tilsted, Denmark. In 1956, he was awarded the GM title. He won the Danish championship 6 times and was a candidate for the World Chess Championship on four occasions. He died on September 9, 2010.
On March 16, 1935, Aron Nimzowitsch (Nimzovich) died of pneumonia in Copenhagen. He was one of the top chess players in the world and a very influential chess writer. He was 48.
On March 17, 1935, Oscar Roberto Panno was born in Buenos Aires. In 1953, he won the World Junior Championship. He won the Argentina championship 3 times. He was awarded the GM title in 1955.
On March 23, 1935, Miltiadis Grigoriou was born in Athens, Greece. In 1974, he won the Greece championship. In 1975, he was awarded the International Master (IM) title.
On March 24, 1935, Dr. Emanuel Lasker announced that he would make his permanent home in Russia, where he would organize and direct a chess academy.
On March 29, 1935, Wolfgang Uhlmann was born in Dresden. He won the East German championship 8 times. In 1959, he was awarded the GM title.
On April 9, 1935, Janis Klovans was born in Ruba, Latvia. He won the Latvian championship 10 times. In 1997, he was awarded the GM title after winning the World Senior Championship. At age 62, he was the oldest player ever to earn the GM title as an active chess player rather than an honorary title for past performances. He won the World Senior Championship in 1999 and 2001 as well. He died on October 5, 2010.
On April 17, 1935, Grigory Sanakoev was born in Voronezh, Russia. He was awarded the GMC title in 1984. He was the 12th World Correspondence Chess Champion, held from 1984 to 1991.
From April 24 to May 3, 1935, an Easter Chess Congress was held in Margate, England to celebrate the Silver Jubilee of the reign of King George V. The Master Section was won by Samuel Reshevsky (7.5-1.5) followed by Capablanca (7), and Sir George Thomas (5).
On May 15, 1935, Velimir Kalandadze was born in Tbilisi, Georgia. In 1984, he was awarded the IM for Chess Compositions (IMComp) title.
On May 28, 1935, Zsigmond Barasz died in Budapest. He was a Hungarian chess master.
On June 10, 1935, Milan Matulovic was born in Belgrade. In 1965, he was awarded the GM title.
On June 15, 1935, Alexander Zaitsev was born. In 1965, he was awarded the IM title. He died in 1971.
On July 24, 1935, Viacheslav Osnos was born in the USSR. In 1965, he was awarded the IM title. He died on August 27, 2009.
From July 14-27, the 31st German Championship was held in Aachen. It was won by Kurt Richter.
On July 27, 1935, Hillar Karner was born in Tallinn, Estonia. He won the Estonian championship in 1975 and 1977. In 1980, he was awarded the IM title.
On July 30, 1935, Gyozo Forintos was born in Budapest, Hungary. He was Hungarian champion in 1968-69. In 1974, he was awarded the GM title.
From July 21-31, 1935, the 36th American Chess Federation Congress (US Open), was held in Milwaukee. It was won by Reuben Fine (8-2), followed by Arthur Dake (7.5), and Isaac Kashdan (6.5).
In August 1935, Agnes Lawson-Stevenson was killed by a propeller blade in Poznan, Poland when she accidently walked in front of it. At the time, she was on her way to the 1935 Women’s World Championship and left the aircraft to complete a passport check. She returned to the aircraft from the front and ran tnto the propeller. She won the British Ladies’ Championship 4 times. She was married to Rufus Stevenson, editor of the British Chess Magazine.
On August 9, 1935, Walther von Holzhausen died in Magdeburg, Germany. He was a German chess master and problemist.
From August 15-31, 1935, the International Team Tournament (Olympiad) was held in Warsaw. The gold medal went to the USA team for the third consecutive time. The silver medal went to Sweden. The bronze medal went to Poland. 20 nations participated.
In August 1935, the 5th World Women’s Chess Championship was held in Warsaw. Vera Menchik defended her title with a perfect 9-0 score.
From August 19-24, 1935, the 57th New York State Chess Association was held in Binghamton, New York. The winner was Isaac Kashdan (7.5-0.5), followed by D. Polland (6.5), and H. Lessing (6).
On September 8, 1935, Friedrich Baumbach was born in Weimer, Germany. In 1970, he won the East German championship. In 1973, he was awarded the Correspondence Grandmaster (GMC) title. He won the 11th World Correspondence Championship, held from 1986 to 1989.
On September 22, 1935, Lajos Eszik was born in Sweden. In 1985, he won the Swedish correspondence championship.
On September 25, 1935, John Purdy was born in Sydney. He won the Australian championship in 1955 and 1963.
On September 28, 1935, Orla Hermann Krause died in Denmark. He was a Danish analyst. He represented Denmark in the chess Olympiad in 1927.
From October 3 to December 15, the World Chess Championship was held in t13 cities in he Netherlands between Alexander Alekhine and Max Euwe. Euwe won and became the 5th world chess champion with the score of 15.5 – 14.5 (+9 -8 = 13).
On October 16, 1935, Donald A. Curtis was born in Cardiff, Wales. He won the Welch championship in 1959.
On November 8, 1935, Dimitrije Bjelica was born in Vrbica Gornja, Yugoslavia. He is the author of over 80 chess books.
On November 12, 1935, Dragoljub Ciric was born in Yugoslavia. In 1965, he was awarded the GM title.
On December 5, 1935, Henry Wald Bettmann died in Cincinnati. He was an American chess composer.
On December 8, 1935, Tatiana Zatulovskaya was born in Baku, Azerbaijan. She won the USSR Women’s Championship 3 times. In 1976, she was awarded the Women’s Grandmaster (WGM) title. In 1993 and 1997, she won the Senior Women’s World Chess Championship.
On December 20, 1935, Arthur William Feuerstein was born in New York. In 1960, he won the first U.S. Armed Forces championship. He played in several U.S. Championships.
On December 30, 1935, Manuel Aaron was born in Toungoo, Burma. In 1961, he was awarded the IM title, the first chess player from India to do so.
In 1935, the first correspondence chess Olympiad was held. There were 17 teams. It was won by Hungary.
In 1935, Yakov Vladimirov was born in the USSR. In 1988, he was awarded the Correspondence GM title.
In 1935, Ernest Pogosiants was born in the USSR. In 1988, he was awarded the GMComp title. He died in 1991.
In 1935, the 18th Marshall Chess Club Championship was held in New York and won by Fred Reinfeld.
- Written by Bill Wall