Edmund Adam (1894-1958) was the last German Open correspondence champion. He spent World War II in a German concentration camp. He played in the 1950 world correspondence chess championship. The Adam variation in the Ruy Lopez is named after him (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Nxe4 6.d4 b5 7.Bb3 d5 8.dxe5 Be6 9.Qe2 Be7 10.c4). He played this variation in a correspondence game in 1939. From 1946 to 1956, he was President of the German Correspondence Association. He was a medical doctor.