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Georgy Tadzhikanovich Agzamov (1954-1986) was the first Uzbekistan Grandmaster (thus, the first Asian grandmaster). Uzbekistan was incorporated into the Russian Empire in the 19th century and in 1924 became a republic of the Soviet Union, known as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic (Uzbek SSR). He was born in Almalyk (Olmaliq) in the province of Tashkent of central Uzbekistan, into a family of medical doctors on September 6, 1954. In 1966, at the age of 12, he was the chess champion of his town. In 1971, he took 2nd place in the USSR Junior Championship, held in Riga. In 1973, he played in his first Uzbekistan championship. He took 1st place in the Uzbekistani Chess Championship in 1976 and 1981. In 1982, he was awarded the International Master title. In 1984, he was awarded the Grandmaster title.
He was killed when he tried to take a shortcut to go swimming in Sevastopol in the Crimea. He fell off a cliff and got stuck between two rocks. Some people heard him yell for help, but he was too deep down in the rocks. He died before a rescue team could get to him.
His highest Elo rating was 2590 on the January 1, 1985 FIDE rating list. Chessmetrics has him rated #8 in the world in 1984 with a 2728 rating. His best individual performance was Sochi, 1984, with a performance rating of 2761.
He won Belgrade 1982, Vrsac 1983, Sochi 1984 (defeating Tal and scoring +7=7-0), Tashkent 1984, and Calcutta June 1986 (the strongest chess tournament ever held in India up to that time – Niaz Murshed took 2nd and Anand took 3rd place).
In 1980, he played in the Championship of the USSR (1 League) in Tashkent. He took 11th-12th place (won by Beliavsky). In 1981, he took 1st place in the semifinal of the USSR championship, held in Cheliabinsk. He played in the 49th USSR championship at Frunze in 1981 and tied for 6th-7th place (won by Kasparov and Psakhis). In 1982, he tied for 3rd-5th in the semifinal USSR championship, held in Pavlodar (won by Azmaiparashvili). In 1982, he took 2nd in the 50th USSR Championship (1 League), held in Telavi (won by Vaganian). He played in the 50th USSR championship at Moscow in 1983 (won by Karpov), and tied for 10th-13th place. In 1984, he took 1st place in the USSR Championship (1 League), held in Tashkent. His rating was 2570. He played in the 52nd USSR championship at Riga in 1985 and tied for 7th-8th place (won by Gavrikov, M Gurevich, and Chernin). In August 1986, he took 6th-10th in the semifinal championship of the USSR, held in Sevastopol.
He died at the age of 32 on August 27, 1986. Agzamov studied English and literature at the univeristy. A memoriam (in Russian) appeared in Chess Informant 42.
He once lost a game in 4 moves. Agzamov - Veremeichik, USSR 1968, 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 c5 3.Bf4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 e5 0-1
The Agzamov variation in the Alekhine is 1.e4 Nf6 2.e5 Nd5 3.d4 d6 4.Nf3 Bg4 5.Be2 c6.
The strongest player from Uzbekistan is former FIDE World Champion Rustam Kasimdzhanov.
In 2007, the first Agzamov Memorial was held in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. Tied for 1st place were GM Leonid Yurtaev, GM Marat Dzhumaev, and IM Sergey Kayumov.
The 2008 Agzamov Memorial had 73 players from 9 countries. Ties for 1st place were Farrukh Amonatov, Anton Filippov, and Vitaly Tseshkovsky.
The 2009 Agzamov Memorial was won by GM Vitaly Tseshkovsky, age 64.