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Albin, Adolf

Adolf Albin (1848-1920) was a Romanian chess master (born in Bucharest) who learned the game at age 23.  In 1872 he authored the first chess book written in Romanian, Amiculu Jocului de Schach.   He played in his first international tournament at 43 (Vienna 1891) after his business career failed.  Albin played this gambit, 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e5, against Emanuel Lasker in New York in 1893, but lost in 31 moves.  Lasker won the tournament (13 wins in a row) and Albin took 2nd place. In 1894 he took 2nd at New York, behind Steinitz, but ahead of Showalter and Pillsbury.  By 1895, his rating was 2643, ranked #15 in the world.  1.d4 d5 2.c4 e5 is called the Albin Counter-Gambit.

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