American Chess Federation
Forerunner of the US Chess Federation (USCF). In 1935, the Western Chess Association, founded in 1900, became known as the American Chess Federation (ACF). Arpad Elo was its first President and Kirk Holland was its Vice President. In 1938, George Sturges was elected president of the ACF. The Western Open, under the Western Chess Association, became known as the American Open. Chess Review magazine became the official magazine of the ACF. In 1939 it merged with the National Chess Federation to form the USCF. The American Open became known as the U.S. Open.