Gedeon (Gideon) Barcza (1911-1986), pronounced bartsa, was a Hungarian professor of mathematics and Grandmaster.
He was born on August 21, 1911 in Kisujszallas, Hungary.
In 1942, he took 6th place in the first European championship in Munich (won by Alekhine).
In 1947, he helped design the first "chess stamp," one of a set of five issued to commemorate the 1947 Balkan Games in Bulgaria.
Chessmetrics has Barcza rated #16 in the world in 1951 with a rating of 2683. His best individual performance was Leningrad 1967, with a performance rating of 2710.
In 1952, he took 15th place in the Saltsjobaden Interzonal.
In 1962, he took 14th-15th place in the Stockholm Interzonal.
He won the Hungarian championship eight times (1942, 1943, 1947, 1950, 1951, 1955, 1957, and 1958).
He played for Hungary in 7 Chess Olympiads (1952, 1954, 1956, 1958, 1960, 1962, and 1968). He won the Gold medal in 1954 as best board 3. He won a Silver medal in 1956 as board 2. He won a Bronze medal in 1968 as first reserve.
He was editor of the chess magazine Magyar Sakkelet from 1951 to 1986. He contributed to Magyar Sakktortenet 3 (1896-1925) (Hungarian Chess History) before his death.
He was awarded the International Master title in 1950 and the Grandmaster title in 1954.
In 1966, he was awarded the Correspondence International Master title.
He died on February 27, 1986 in Budapest, Hungary. He is buried at the Kerepesi cemetery in Budapest.
Some of his best results were: Gyor 1946 - 1st; San Benedetto del Tronto 1957 - 1st; Karlovy Vary 1948 - 1st; Venice 1948 - 1st.
The opening 1.Nf3 d5 2.g3 is called the Barcza System. The opening 1.e4 e6 2.d4 c5 is known as the Barcza-Larsen Defense.
Bobby Fischer called him Dr. Fu Manchu because of his appearance.
In April 2009, the Gedeon Barcza Memorial in Budapest was cancelled after one round when thetournament organizer did not pay for expenses at the hotel it was held at.