Barnes, Thomas Wilson
Thomas Wilson Barnes (1825-1874) was one of the strongest English players in the 1850s. He scored more wins than anyone else against Paul Morphy, defeating him 8 times in friendly play. Morphy considered him the strongest chess player he had ever played. He only played in one tournament, London 1862, the first British Chess Federation Congress. He finished tied for 7th-8th out of 14, winning 7 games (drawn games were replayed). The moves 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 g6 is known as the Barnes Defense, as he played it against Morphy and Adolf Anderssen. The moves 1.e4 f6 is known as the Barnes Opening, which he also played against Morphy and Anderssen. He went on a diet and lost 130 pounds in 10 months, which may have caused his death.