British Chess Association
The first national body to promote chess in Britain. A newly organized BCA was founded in 1884 by Wordsworth Donisthorpe (1847-1914). Winston Churchill's father, Lord Randolph Churchill (1849-1895), was elected Vice President of the BCA in 1885. Another active member was John Ruskin (1819-1900), art critic an social critic . The President was the poet Lord Alfred Tennyson (1809-1892). This organization soon failed after several years and reorganized as the British Chess Federation in 1904. An earlier organization called the British Chess Association, had its first championship in November, 1866. This was considered the first British Chess Championship. It was won by Cecil Valentine De Vere. In 1857, there was a British Chess Association Congress in Manchester, won by Johann Loewenthal. The 1862 BCA membership included 30 of British strongest players.