Buckle, Henry Thomas
Henry Thomas Buckle (1821-1862) was the winner of the first modern chess tournament, the Ries Divan knockout tournament of 1849. In 1851, he defeated Lowenthal in a match. After 1851, he spent his time writing History of Civilization in England, which he published in 1857 (volume 1) and 1861 (vilume 2). He was a British historian who studied 19 languages (he could speak seven languages and read twelve languages). He had a library of over 22,000 books. He died of typhoid fever in Damascus at the age of 40. His last words were, "My book! I haven't finished my book."