Cessolis, Jacobus de
Jacobus de Cessolis (1275-1372) was a Dominican monk living in Lombardy (Northern Italy) who wrote De Moribus Hominum ed de Officiis Nobilium Super Ludo Scaccorum (On the Customs of Men and Their Noble Actions with Reference to the Game of Chess). This is the best known of all chess moralities, written around 1300. The moralities deal with all sorts and conditions of men, allegorically represented in their various ranks by chess pieces. In 1474 William Caxton translated the French version into English and printed it under the title The Game and Playe of Chesse. It was the second book printed in the English language (Caxton translated and published a history of Troy a few months earlier).